विश्व वानिकी दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv vaniki divas
vishv vaniki divas ka pratik chihn
vivaran vishv vaniki divas pahali bar varsh 1971 ee. men is uddeshy se manaya gaya tha ki duniya ke tamam desh apani matribhoomi ki mitti aur van-sampada ka mahatv samajhe tatha apane-apane desh ke vanon aur jngalon ka snrakshan karen.
tithi 21 march
pahali bar 1971 ee.
uddeshy vishv ke sabhi desh apani van-sampada ki taraph dhyan den aur vanon ko snrakshan pradan karen.
any janakari bharat sarakar dvara san 1952 ee. men nirdharit "rashtriy van niti" ke tahat desh ke 33.3 % kshetr par van hone chahie. lekin vartaman samay men aisa nahin hai.
adyatan‎

vishv vaniki divas (angrezi: World Forest Day) prativarsh 21 march ko manaya jata hai. vishv vaniki divas pahali bar varsh 1971 ee. men is uddeshy se manaya gaya tha ki duniya ke tamam desh apani matribhoomi ki mitti aur van-sampada ka mahatv samajhe tatha apane - apane desh ke vanon aur jngalon ka snrakshan karen. agar ham bharat ki bat karen to 22.7% bhoomi par hi vanon aur jngalon ka astitv rah gaya. bharat men van mahotsav julaee 1950 se hi manaya ja raha hai. isaki shuruat tatkalin grihamntri kulapati kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi ne ki thi.

uddeshy

vishv vaniki divas ka uddeshy hai ki vishv ke sabhi desh apani van-sampada ki taraph dhyan den aur vanon ko snrakshan pradan karen. bharat men bhi van-sampada paryapt roop se hai. bharat men 657.6 lakh hekteyar bhoomi (22.7 %) par van pae jate hain. vartaman samay men bharat 19.39 % bhoomi par vanon ka vistar hai aur chhattisagadh rajy men sabase jyada van-sampada hai usake bad kramash: madhy pradesh aur uttar pradesh rajy men. bharat sarakar dvara san 1952 ee. men nirdharit "rashtriy van niti" ke tahat desh ke 33.3 % kshetr par van hone chahie. lekin vartaman samay men aisa nahin hai. van-bhoomi par udyog-dhndhon tatha makanon ka nirman, vanon ko kheti ke kam men lana aur lakadiyon ki badhati mang ke karan vanon ki avaidh kataee adi vanon ke nasht hone ke pramukh karan hai. isalie ab samay a gaya hai ki desh ki "rashtriy nidhi" ko bachae aur inaka snrakshan karen. hamen vriksharopan (ped-paudhe lagana) ko badhava dena chahie. isake sambandh men prasiddh paryavaranavid kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi ne kaha tha ki -"vrikshon ka arth hai jal, jal ka arth hai roti aur roti hi jivan hai."

itihas

vishv vaniki divas manane ka vichar 1971 men yooropiy krishi parisngh ki 23vin mahasabha men aya. vaniki ke tin mahatvapoorn tatvon- suraksha, utpadan aur vanavihar ke bare men logon ko janakariyan dene ke lie usi sal bad men 21 march ke din ko yani dakshini golardh men sharad vishav aur dakshin golardh men vasnt vishav ke din ko chuna gaya. van pragaitihasik kal se hi manavajati ke lie bahut mahattvapoorn raha hai. van ka matalab keval ped nahin hai balki yah ek snpoorn jatil jivnt samuday hai. van ki chhatari ke niche kee sare ped aur jiv-jntu rahate hain. vanabhoomi jivanu, kavak jaise kee prakar ke akasherooki jivon ke ghar hain. ye jiv bhoomi aur van men poshak tatvon ke punarchakran men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhate hain.

vanon se labh

van paryavaran, logon aur jntuon ko kee prakar ke labh pahunchate hain. van kee prakar ke utpad pradan karate hain jaise pharnichar, gharon, relave slipar, plaeevud, eendhan ya phir charakol ev kagaz ke lie lakadi, selophen, plastik, reyan aur nayalaaun adi ke lie prassnkrit utpad, rabar ke ped se rabar adi. phal, supari aur masale bhi vanon se ekatr kie jate hain. karpoor, sinachona jaise kee aushadhiy paudhe bhi vanon men hi paye jate hain. pedon ki jaden mitti ko jakade rakhati hai aur is prakar vah bhari barish ke dinon men mrida ka aparadan aur badh bhi rokati hain. ped, karban dai aksaid avashoshit karate hain aur aauksijan chhodate hain jisaki manavajati ko sans lene ke lie zaroorat padati hai. vanaspati sthaniy aur vaishvik jalavayu ko prabhavit karati hai. ped prithvi ke lie suraksha kavach ka kam karate hain aur jngali jntuon ko ashray pradan karate hain. ve sabhi jivon ko soory ki garmi se bachate hain aur prithvi ke tapaman ko niyntrit karate hain. van prakash ka paravartan ghatate hain, dhvani ko niyntrit karate hain aur hava ki disha ko badalane evn gati ko kam karane men madad karate hain. isi prakar vanyajiv bhi mahattvapoorn hai kyonki ye hamari jivanashaili ke mahatvapoorn ang hain.

van-sampada

jngal hamare jivan ki buniyad hain jo hamare paryavaran ke sath-sath arthik aur samajik sthiti ko banaye rakhane men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhate hain. vanon ka ashay samany roop se vrikshon ke samooh se hota hai lekin vastav men ye vibhinn jivon ka ek jatil samuday hai. ek-doosare par paraspar ashrit anek paudhe aur janavar vanon men nivas karate hain tatha van ke bhoo-tal par anek prakar ke chhote-chhote jiv-jntu, jivanu aur phngas paye jate hain jo mitti aur paudhon ke madhy poshak tatvon ka adan-pradan karane men madad karate hain. vanon se manav samuday ko anek bahumooly vastuen prapt hoti hain. jinamen svachchh jal, vany praniyon ke rahane ke lie vas-sthan, lakadi, bhojan, pharnichar, kagaj, sundar paridrishy sahit anek puratatvik aur aitihasik sthal shamil hain. vanon ki saghanata ke mamale men chhattisagadh ek samriddh rajy hai. yah snpannata virasat men mili hai. lekin isase adhik yahan ke logon ne isaki mahatta ko samajha aur snrakshan kiya hai. rajy ke kul bhaugolik kshetraphal ek lakh 35 hajar 224 varg kilomitar men se 59 hajar 772 varg kilomitar kshetr vanon se ghira hua hai jo ki kul bhaugolik kshetr ka 44.2 pratishat hota hai. van avaran ki drishti se chhattisagadh bharat men tisare sthan par hai. isase adhik vanakshetr madhy pradesh (76013 varg kilomitar) tatha arunachal pradesh (67 hajar 777 varg kilomitar) hai. chhattisagadh men char pramukh nadi pranaliyan- mahanadi, godavari, narmada aur venagnga ka jalagrahan kshetr shamil hai. mahanadi, indravati, hasadev, shivanath, arapa, eeb rajy ki pramukh nadiyan hain. vanaen ki adhikata ke karan hi rajy ki ausat varshik varsha 1200 se 1500 mili mitar hoti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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