विश्व धूम्रपान निषेध दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv dhoomrapan nishedh divas
vishv dhoomrapan nishedh divas
vivaran tambakoo se hone vale nuqasan ko dekhate hue sal 1987 men vishv svasthy sngathan (dablyooecho) ke sadasy deshon ne ek prastav dvara 7 aprail 1988 se vishv tambakoo nishedh divas manane ka faisala kiya.
tithi 31 mee
shuruat sanh 1988
uddeshy antarrashtriy dhoomrapan nishedh saptah men, jo 25 mee se arnbh hota hai, dhoomrapan udyog, svasthy ke lakshyon ko vyavaharik hone ki disha men rukavat, dhoomrapan udyog ke muqabale men dharmik manyataen, dhoomrapan ko rokana sabaki zimmedari, dhoomrapan ke vistar ke muqabale men vidhi palika, nyay palika aur karyapalika ki zimmedari aur antatah dhoomrapan ki antarrashtriy kampaniyon ko bnd kiya jaye jaise vishayon ki samiksha ki jati hai taki is marg se dhoomrapan ke sevan men kami aur am janamat ke svasthy men vriddhi ki disha men mahattvapoorn qadam uthaya ja sake.
any janakari svasthy visheshgyon ke mutabik tambakoo ya sigaret ka sevan karane valon ko munh ka kainsar ki hone ki ashnka 50 guna zyada hoti hai. tambakoo men 25 aise tatv hote hain jo kainsar ka karan ban sakate hain.[1]

vishv dhoomrapan nishedh divas athava 'vishv tambakoo nishedh divas' athava 'antarrashtriy tnbakoo nishedh divas' pratyek varsh 31 mee ko manaya jata hai. tambakoo se hone vale nuqasan ko dekhate hue sal 1987 men vishv svasthy sngathan (dablyooecho) ke sadasy deshon ne ek prastav parit kiya, jisake dvara 7 aprail, 1988 se is divas ko manane ka faisala kiya gaya. isake bad har 31 mee ko tambakoo nishedh divas manane ka faisala kiya gaya. vishv svasthy sngathan ke sadasy deshon ne 31 mee ka din nirdharit karake dhoomrapan ke sevan se hone vali haniyon aur khataron se vishv janamat ko avagat karake isake utpad evn sevan ko kam karane ki disha men adharabhoot karyavahi karane ka prayas kiya hai. isi disha men prativarsh pratikatmak roop men ek nara nirdharit kiya jata hai. varsh 2012 men poori duniya men dhoomrapan ke utpad evn usake vitaran men dhoomrapan udyogon ki spasht bhoomika ke drishtigat 31 mee ko nara diya gaya- "savadhan! ham bahurashtriy dhoomrapan udyogon ko bnd kar denge".

bharat men vibhinn karyakram

is din vibhinn karyakram kar logon ko tambakoo se svasthy par padane vale nuqasan ke bare men bataya jata hai. halanki bharat men bhi sarvajanik sthanon par dhoomrapan par pabndi hai, lekin lachar qanoon vyavastha ke chalate is par koee amal nahin ho pa raha hai. logon ko sarvajanik sthanon par dhoomrapan karate hue dekha ja sakata hai. bharat men arthik mamalon ki snsadiy samiti pahale hi rashtriy tambakoo niyntran karyakram ko mnzoori de chuki hai. isaka maqasad tambakoo niyntran qanoon ke prabhavi kriyanvayan aur tambakoo ke hanikarak prabhavon ke bare men logon tak jagarookata phailana hai. isake lie 11vin yojana men kul vittiy parivyay 182 karod rupaye rakha gaya hai. is karyakram men sampoorn desh shamil hai, jabaki shuruati charan men 21 rajyon ke 42 zilon par dhyan kendrit kie ge hain.

vishv svasthy sngathan ki riport

duniyabhar men tambakoo sevan ka badhata chalan svasthy ke lie behad nuqasanadeh sabit ho raha hai. vishv svasthy sngathan (dablooecho) ne bhi is par chinta zahir ki hai. tambakoo se snbndhit bimariyon ki vajah se har sal qarib 5 miliyan logon ki maut ho rahi hai. jinamen lagabhag 1.5 miliyan mahilaen shamil hain. riport ke mutabiq duniyabhar men 80 fisadi purush tambakoo ka sevan karate hain, lekin kuchh deshon ki mahilaon men tambakoo sevan ki pravritti tezi se badh rahi hai. duniyabhar ke dhoomrapan karane valon ka qarib 10 fisadi bharat men hain. vishv svasthy sngathan (dablyooecho) ki riport ke mutabik bharat men qarib 25 karod log gutakha, bidi, sigaret, hukka adi ke zariye tambakoo ka sevan karate hain.

vishv svasthy sngathan ke mutabiq duniya ke 125 deshon men tambakoo ka utpadan hota hai. duniyabhar men har sal 5.5 kharab sigaret ka utpadan hota hai aur ek arab se zyada log isaka sevan karate hain. bharat men 10 arab sigaret ka utpadan hota hai. bharat men 72 karod 50 lakh kilo tambakoo ki paidavar hoti hai. bharat tambakoo niryat ke mamale men brazil, chin, amarika, malavi aur itali ke bad chhathe sthan par hai. ankadon ke mutabiq tambakoo se 2022 karod rupe ki videshi mudra ki ay huee thi. vikasashil deshon men har sal 8 hazar bachchon ki maut abhibhavakon dvara kie jane vale dhoomrapan ke karan hoti hai. duniya ke kisi any desh ke muqabale men bharat men tambakoo se hone vali bimariyon se marane vale logon ki snkhya bahut tezi se badh rahi hai. tambakoo par ayojit vishv sammelan aur any anumanon ke mutabiq bharat men tambakoo sevan karane valon ki tadad qarib sadhe 29 karod tak ho sakati hai.[1]

tambakoo sevan men mahilaon ki bhagidari

desh ke svasthy mntralay ki or se jari ek bayan men kaha gaya hai ki shahari kshetr men keval 0.5 fisadi mahilaen dhoomrapan karati hain. jabaki gramin kshetr men yah snkhya do fisadi hai. ankadon ki manen to poore bharat men 10 fisadi mahilaen vibhinn roopon men tnbakoo ka sevan kar rahi hain. shahari kshetron ki 6 fisadi mahilaen aur gramin ilakon ki 12 fisadi mahilaen tambakoo ka sevan karati hain. agar purushon ki bat ki jae to bharat men har tisara purush tambakoo ka sevan karata hai. dablooecho ki riport ke mutabiq kee deshon men tambakoo sevan ke mamale men ladakiyon ki tadad men kafi izafa hua hai. halanki tambakoo sevan ke mamale men mahilaon ki bhagidari sirf 20 fisadi hi hai. mahilaon aur ladakiyon men tambakoo ke prati badh rahe rujhan se gnbhir samasya paida ho sakati hai. dablooecho men gair-snchari rog ki sahayak mahanideshak daauktar ala alavan ka kahana hai ki tambakoo vigyapan mahilaon aur ladakiyon ko hi dhyan men rakhakar banae ja rahe hain. in ne vigyapanon men khoobasoorati aur tnbakoo ko mila kar dikhaya jata hai, taki mahilaon ko gumarah kar unhen utpad istemal karane ke lie ukasaya ja sake. bulgariya, chili, kolnbiya, chek ganarajy, meksiko aur nyoojilaind sahit duniya ke qarib 151 deshon men kie ge sarve ke mutabiq ladakiyon men tnbakoo sevan ki pravritti ladakon ke muqabale zyada badh rahi hai.[1]

munh ka kainsar ki hone ki ashnka

svasthy visheshgyon ke mutabiq tambakoo ya sigaret ka sevan karane valon ko munh ka kainsar ki hone ki ashnka 50 guna zyada hoti hai. tambakoo men 25 aise tatv hote hain jo kainsar ka karan ban sakate hain. tambakoo ke ek kain men 60 sigaret ke barabar nikotin hota hai. ek adhyayan ke anusar 91 pratishat munh ke kainsar tambakoo se hi hote hain. hart keyar phaundeshan aauph indiya ke adhyaksh daau. keke agraval aur daau. bi si ray ka kahana hai ki ek din men 20 sigaret pine se mahilaon men hart ataik ka khatara 6 guna badh jata hai. ek din men 20 sigaret pine se purushon men hridayaghat ka khatara 3 guna badh jata hai. pahali bar hridayaghat ke lie dhoomrapan 36 fisadi marizon men zimmedar hota hai. aise hriday rogi jo lagatar dhoomrapan karate rahate hain unamen doosare hridayaghat ka khatara zyada rahata hai sath hi akasmat maut ka khatara bhi badh jata hai. baee pas sarjari ke bad lagatar dhoomrapan karate rahane se mrityu, hriday snbndhi bimari se maut ya phir se baeepas ka khatara zyada hota hai. enjiyoplasti ke bad lagatar dhoomrapan karane se maut aur hridayaghat ka khatara badh jata hai. jin marizon men hart phnkshaning 35 fisadi se kam ho, unamen dhoomrapan se maut ka khatara zyada hota hai. jo log lagatar dhoomrapan karate rahate hain, unamen ho sakata hai ki rakt dab (blad preshar) ki davaen asar n karen.[1]

sigaret men prayukt rog janit samagri

prativarsh 50 lakh logon ki maut

vishv svasthy sngathan ki ghoshana ke adhar par is samay samooche vishv men prativarsh 50 lakh se adhik vyakti dhoomrapan ke sevan ke karan apani jan se hath dho rahe hain. ullekhaniy hai ki yadi is samasya ko niyntrit karane ki disha men koee prabhavi qadam nahin uthaya gaya to varsh 2030 men dhoomrapan ke sevan se marane vale vyaktiyon ki snkhya prativarsh 80 lakh se adhik ho jayegi. dhoomrapan, isaka sevan karane valon men se adhe vyaktiyon ki mrityu ka karan ban raha hai aur ausatan isase unaki 15 varsh ayu kam ho rahi hai. har prakar ka dhoomrapan- 90 pratishat se adhik phephade ke kainsar, brain haimbrej aur pakshaghat ka mahattvapoorn karan hai. aj vishv ke mashini jivan men kainsar, mrityu ka doosara karan hai aur sigaret is bimari men grast hone ka ek mahattvapoorn karan hai. adhyayanakartaon ka manana hai ki phephade ke kainsar se grast hone aur sigaret ka sevan karane vale purushon men mrityu ki snbhavana sigaret ka sevan n karane vale purushon se 23 guna adhik hai jabaki is kainsar se grast hone ki snbhavana sigaret ka sevan karane vali mahilaon men sigaret ka prayog n karane vali mahilaon se 13 guna adhik hai. sigaret- munh, merudnd, knth aur mootrashay ke kainsar men sidhe roop se prabhavi ho sakata hai. sigaret men maujood kainsar janak padarth sharir ki koshikaon par aisa prabhav dalate hain jisase usaka uchit vikas nahin ho pata aur sharir ki koshikaon ke vikas men dhyanayogy vighn utpann hota hai. is prakar sigaret sharir ki koshikaon ke nasht hone aur unake kainsar yukt hone ka karan banata hai. shodh is bat ke soochak hain ki jo vyakti sigaret ka sevan karate hain unamen mootrashay ke kainsar se grast hone ki snbhavana un logon se char guna adhik hoti hai jinhonne apane jivan men ek bar bhi sigaret ko hath nahin lagaya hai. lambe samay tak sigaret sevan ke doosare dushparinam- munh, garbhashay, gurde aur pachak grnthi ke kainsar hain. vibhinn shodhon se jo parinam samane aye hain ve is bat ki pushti karate hain ki dhoomrapan, rakt snchar ki vyavastha par hanikarak prabhav dalata hai. dhoomrapan ka sevan aur n chahate hue bhi usake dhooen ka samana, hriday aur mastishk ki bimariyon ka mahattvapoorn karan hai. in adhyayanon men pesh kiye gaye ankade is bat ke soochak hain ki kam se kam sigaret ka prayog bhi jaise ek din men panch sigaret ya kabhi kabhi sigaret ka sevan athava dhoomrapan ke dhooen se sidhe roop se samana n hona bhi hriday ki bimariyon se grast hone ke lie paryapt hai. dhoomrapan ke dhooen men maujood padarth jaise aksideshan karane vale, nikotin, karban mono aksaid jaise padarth hriday, grnthiyon aur dhamaniyon se snbndhit rogon ke karan hain. dhoomrapan ka sevan is bat ka karan banata hai ki sharir par insulin ka prabhav nahin hota hai aur is chiz se grnthiyon evn gurde ko kshati pahunch sakati hai.[1]

arthik kshati

dhoomrapan ke sevan ke hanikarak prabhavon se keval logon ke svasthy ko khatara nahin hai balki isase arthik kshati bhi pahunchati hai visheshakar yah nirdhan logon ki nirdhanata men vriddhi ka karan hai. dhoomrapan ke udyogon ko banane ka mool uddeshy, grahakon evn nashedi vyaktiyon ki snkhya men vriddhi hai aur jane -anajane evn n chahate hue bhi yah nirdhan varg ko kshati pahunchata hai. adhikansh deshon men dhoomrapan ka sevan dhani logon ki apeksha nirdhan logon men adhik hai aur kuchh avasaron par yah bhi dekhane ko milata hai ki kam ay vale log adhik snkhya men dhoomrapan ka sevan karate hain.

sigaret ki lat

tisari duniya ke deshon men sigaret pine valon ki ayu kam hoti hai aur in deshon ki yuva janasnkhya ke drishtigat unamen madak padarthon ki lat pad jane aur doosari samajik evn sanskritik buraiyon men vriddhi ki ashnka hoti hai. is snbndh men hone vale adhyayan ke anusar yadyapi sigaret ka sevan karane vala har vyakti nashedi nahin ban jata hai parntu sigaret ka sevan karane vale adhikansh log badi jaldi nashedi ban jate hain. vastav men sigaret nashedi banane ke pravesh dvar ki bhoomika nibhata hai. spasht hai ki samaj men sigaret ka sasta hona, usaki taskari aur us tak saral pahunch, kam ay vale varg evn yuvaon men sigaret pine ke rujhan men vriddhi ka mahattvapoorn karan hai.

antarrashtriy dhoomrapan nishedh saptah

antarrashtriy dhoomrapan nishedh divas am janamat ko dhoomrapan ke vinashakari prabhavon se adhik jagaruk banakar samaj ke logon ko dhoomrapan ke sevan se bachane ki disha men mahattvapoorn avasar hai kyonki dhoomrapan samaj ke svasthy ke lie ek khataranak v hanikarak chiz hai. antarrashtriy dhoomrapan nishedh saptah men, jo 25 mee se arnbh hota hai, dhoomrapan udyog, svasthy ke lakshyon ko vyavaharik hone ki disha men rukavat, dhoomrapan udyog ke muqabale men dharmik manyataen, dhoomrapan udyog ki ek any chal hukka, yuva, navayuva aur mahilaen dhoomrapan udyog ke lakshy, dhoomrapan ko rokana sabaki zimmedari, dhoomrapan ke vistar ke muqabale men vidhi palika, nyay palika aur karyapalika ki zimmedari aur antatah dhoomrapan ki antarrashtriy kampaniyon ko bnd kiya jaye jaise vishayon ki samiksha ki jati hai taki is marg se dhoomrapan ke sevan men kami aur am janamat ke svasthy men vriddhi ki disha men mahattvapoorn qadam uthaya ja sake. spasht hai ki keval naron se dhoomrapan ki bahurashtriy kampaniyon se n to muqabala kiya ja sakata hai aur n hi is sngharsh ki samapti ki asha ki ja sakati hai. jin logon ne varshon se sigaret ke vyapar aur dhoomrapan ke doosare padarthon se asadharan labh kamaya hai ve apane hiton ki raksha ke lie kisi prakar ke kam men snkoch se kam nahin lenge. dhoomrapan ke sevan ke khataranak parinamon se am janamat ki janakari men vriddhi, vibhinn visheshakar pragatishil deshon men sigaret ke sevan ko kam sakati hai. dhoomrapan ke sevan ka samana kar rahe deshon ke adhikariyon ka bhi bhari dayitv hai. kyonki dhoomrapan ko kam karane ke lie har prakar ka prayas am samaj ke svasthy ki disha men ek qadam hai.



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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 har sal 50 lakh logon ko nigal jata hai tambakoo (hindi) surabhi saloni. abhigaman tithi: 30 mee, 2013.

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