राष्ट्रीय प्रेस दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy pres divas
rashtriy pres divas
vivaran 'rashtriy pres divas' bharat men manaye jane vale rashtriy divason men se ek hai. yah din ek svatntr aur jimmedar pres ki maujoodagi ka pratik hai.
desh bharat
tithi 16 navambar
shuruat 16 navambar, 1966
uddeshy 'rashtriy pres divas' patrakaron ko sashakt banane ke uddeshy se svayn ko phir se samarpit karane ka avasar pradan karata hai.
snbndhit lekh patrakarita, samachar patr, bharat men samachar patron ka itihas, varnakyoolar pres ekt.
any janakari 4 julaee, 1966 ko bharat men pres parishad ki sthapana ki gee thi, jisane 16 navambar, 1966 se apana vidhivat kary shuroo kiya tha. tabhi se 16 navambar ko 'rashtriy pres divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.

rashtriy pres divas (angrezi: National Press Day) pratyek varsh '16 navambar' ko manaya jata hai. yah din bharat men ek svatntr aur jimmedar pres ki maujoodagi ka pratik hai. vishv men aj lagabhag 50 deshon men pres parishad ya midiya parishad hai. bharat men pres ko 'vachadaaug' evn pres parishad indiya ko 'moral vachadaaug' kaha gaya hai. rashtriy pres divas, pres ki svatntrata evn jimmedariyon ki or hamara dhyan akrisht karata hai.

shuruat

pratham pres ayog ne bharat men pres ki svatntrata ki raksha evn patrakarita men uchch adarsh kayam karane ke uddeshy se ek pres parishad ki kalpana ki thi. parinam svaroop 4 julaee, 1966 ko bharat men pres parishad ki sthapana ki gee, jisane 16 navambar, 1966 se apana vidhivat kary shuroo kiya. tab se lekar aj tak prativarsh 16 navambar ko 'rashtriy pres divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.

uddeshy

'rashtriy pres divas' patrakaron ko sashakt banane ke uddeshy se svayn ko phir se samarpit karane ka avasar pradan karata hai.

patrakarita ka kshetr

vartaman samay men patrakarita ka kshetr vyapak ho gaya hai. patrakarita jan-jan tak soochanatmak, shikshaprad evn manornjanatmak sndesh pahunchane ki kala evn vidha hai. samachar patr ek aisi uttar pustika ke saman hai, jisake lakhon parikshak evn anaginat samikshak hote hain. any madhyamon ke bhi parikshak evn samikshak unake lakshit janasamooh hi hote hain. tathyaparakata, yatharthavadita, sntulan evn vastunishthata isake adharabhoot tatv hai. parntu inaki kamiyan aj patrakarita ke kshetr men bahut badi trasadi sabit hone lagi hain. patrakar chahe prashikshit ho ya gair prashikshit, yah sabako pata hai ki patrakarita men tathyaparakata honi chahie. parntu tathyon ko tod-marod kar, badha-chadha kar ya ghatakar sanasani banane ki pravritti aj patrakarita men badhane lagi hai.[1]

khabaron men nihit svarth

khabaron men pakshadharata evn ansatulan bhi prayah dekhane ko milata hai. is prakar khabaron men nihit svarth saph jhalakane lag jata hai. aj samacharon men vichar ko mishrit kiya ja raha hai. samacharon ka snpadakiyakaran hone laga hai. vicharon par adharit samacharon ki snkhya badhane lagi hai. isase patrakarita men ek asvasthyakar pravritti vikasit hone lagi hai. samachar vicharon ki janani hoti hai. isalie samacharon par adharit vichar to svagat yogy ho sakate hain, parntu vicharon par adharit samachar abhishap ki tarah hai.

midiya tatha samaj

patrakarita azadi se pahale ek mishan thi. azadi ke bad yah ek prodakshan ban gee. bich men apat kal ke dauran jab pres par sensar laga tha, tab patrakarita ek bar phir thode samay ke lie bhrashtachar mitaon abhiyan ko lekar mishan ban gee thi. dhire-dhire patrakarita prodakshan se senseshan evn senseshan se kamishan ban gee hai. parntu in tamam samajik buraiyon ke lie sirph midiya ko doshi thaharana uchit nahin hai. jab gadi ka ek purja tootata hai to doosara purja bhi toot jata hai aur dhire-dhire poori gadi bekar ho jati hai. samaj men kuchh aisi hi sthiti lagoo ho rahi hai. samaj men hamesha badalav ata rahata hai. vikalp utpann hote rahate hain. aisi avastha men samaj asamnjas ki sthiti men a jata hai. is sthiti men midiya samaj ko nee disha deta hai. midiya samaj ko prabhavit karata hai, lekin kabhi-kabhi yen-ken prakaren midiya samaj se prabhavit hone lagata hai.[1]

midiya 'samaj ka darpan evn dipak'

midiya ko 'samaj ka darpan evn dipak' donon mana jata hai. inamen jo samachar midiya hai, chahe ve samachar patr hon ya samachar chainal, unhen moolatah samaj ka darpan mana jata hai. darpan ka kam hai samatal darpan ki tarah kam karana, taki vah samaj ki hoo-b-hoo tasvir samaj ke samane pesh kar saken. parntu kabhi-kabhi nihit svarthon ke karan ye samachar midiya samatal darpan ki jagah uttal ya avatal darpan ki tarah kam karane lag jate hain. isase samaj ki ulti, avastavik, kalpanik evn vikrit tasvir bhi samane a jati hai. tatpary yah hai ki khoji patrakarita ke nam par aj pili v nili patrakarita hamare kuchh patrakaron ke gulabi jivan ka abhinn ang banati ja rahi hai. bharatiy pres parishad ne apani riport men kaha bhi hai ki "bharat men pres ne jyada galatiyan ki hai evn adhikariyon ki tulana men pres ke khilaf adhik shikayaten darj hain."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 rashtriy pres divas : 16 navambar (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 05 navambar, 2014.

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