विश्व पर्यावरण संरक्षण दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas
vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas
vivaran 'vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas' prativarsh '26 navambar' ko manaya jata hai. yah divas paryavaran sntulan ko banae rakhane evn logon ko jagarook karane ke sandarbh men sakaratmak kadam uthane ke lie manate hain.
tithi 26 navambar
shuruat sanh 1992
uddeshy paryavaran ki gunavatta ke snrakshan hetu sabhi avashyak qadam uthana. jaise- paryavaran pradooshan ke nivaran, niyntran aur upashaman hetu rashtravyapi karyakram ki yojana banana aur use kriyanvit karana.
snbndhit lekh prithvi divas, vishv jal divas vishv paryavaran divas
any janakari kyoto protokal ka mukhy uddeshy vikasit deshon dvara varsh 2012 tak 1990 ke grin haus gaison ke star se 5% kam star prapt karane ka lakshy nirdharit kiya gaya hai.
adyatan‎

vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas (angrezi: World Environment Protection Day) prativarsh '26 navambar' ko manaya jata hai. yah divas paryavaran sntulan ko banae rakhane evn logon ko jagarook karane ke sandarbh men sakaratmak kadam uthane ke lie manate hain. yah divas 'snyukt rashtr paryavaran karyakram' (yooeneepi) ke dvara ayojit kiya jata hai. pichhale karib tin dashakon se aisa mahasoos kiya ja raha hai ki vaishvik star par vartaman men sabase badi samasya paryavaran se judi huee hai. is sandarbh men dhyan dene vali bat hai ki karib das vaishvik paryavaran sndhiyan aur karib sau ke as-pas kshetriy aur dvipakshiy vartaen evn samajhaute snpann kiye gaye hain. ye sabhi sammalen rio di jeneriyo men kiye ge. prithvi sammalen jo ki 1992 ke snyukt rashtr paryavaran aur vikas karyakram ke alok men kiye ge hain. rio di jeneriyo men kiya gaya sammalen antarrashtriy paryavaran se jude sammelanon evn nitiyon ke sandarbh men atynt mahatvapoorn vindu tha.

vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas

samajhaute

manaviy kriyakalapon ki vajah se prithvi par bahut sare prakritik snsadhanon ka vinash hua hai. isi sandarbh ko dhyan men rakhate hue bahut sari sarakaron evn desho nen inaki raksha evn uchit dohan ke sandarbh men anekon samajhaute snpann kiye hain. is tarah ke samajhaute yoorop, amarika aur afrikake deshon men 1910 ke dashak se shuroo hue hain. isi tarah ke anekon samajhaute jaise- kyoto protokal,mantriyal protokal aur rio sammalen bahurashtriy samajhauton ki shreni men ate hain. vartaman men yooropiy deshon, jaise- jarmani men paryavaran muddon ke sandarbh men ne-ne manak apanae ja rahe hain, jaise- paristhitik kar aur paryavaran ki raksha ke lie bahut sare karyakari kadam evn unake vinash ki gatiyon ko kam karane se jude manak adi.

kyoto protokal ka mukhy uddeshy vikasit deshon dvara varsh 2012 tak 1990 ke grin haus gaison ke star se 5% kam star prapt karane ka lakshy nirdharit kiya gaya hai. isi tarah mantriyal protokal men ojon ki parat ko nasht karane vale padarthon ke utpadan ko pratibndhit karane ka pravadhan kiya gaya hai. dhyan rahe ki varsh 1998 men mantriyal men hue sammalen men vishv ke 12 aise padarthon ke utpadan ko snpat karane ka lakshy rakha gaya tha jo ki pradooshan ko badhava dene ke sath-sath paryavaran ko bhi hani pahuncha rahe the.[1]

do vishesh kary

do aise kary hain jo vaishvik star par kafi gaharaee se vichare aur karyanvit kiye ge hain-

  1. 'arthavyavastha ka vikas'
  2. 'paryavaran ki suraksha'


snyukt rashtr ke tntr ke antargat snposhaniy vikas par ek ayog (kamishan an sastenebal devalapament) ki sthapana ki gayi thi.

snyukt rashtr paryavaran karyakram

snyukt rashtr paryavaran karyakram ek prathamik antarrashtriy paryavaraniy ejensi hai, jisaka mool uddeshy paryavaraniy paristhitiyon ke sandarbh men n keval samiksha karana hai valki paryavaraniy sahayog ko badhava dena bhi hai. yah snstha antarrashtriy star par paryavaran ke mahatv aur usase judi janakari ke vinimay men mahatvapoorn bhoomika ada karata hai. 1997 men snyukt rashtr mahasabha men jarman chansalar helmoot kohal ne snyukt rashtr chartar ke pravadhanon men snsodhan ki bat kahi thi. sath hi snyukt rashtr ke mukhy uddeshyon ke antaragat snposhaniy vikas ko shamil karane ka mudda bhi uthaya tha. isake alava paryavaraniy sngathano ke dvara is sandarbh men vaishvik samnjasy k sthapit karane ki rananiti ko yooeneepi ka kendr vindu mana tha.

vaishvik arthavyavastha ka ekikaran

paryavaraniy suraksha evn vaishvik arthavyavastha ke samanvit vikas ke sandarbh men yah bahut zaroori hai ki antarrashtriy vyaparik gatividhiyon ka snposhaniy vikas ho. is sandarbh men paryavaraniy muddon par bahut sare kanoonon evn niyamo ka vikas vishv baink aur vishv vyapar sngathan ke dvara nirmit kiya gaya hai. vishv baink ke dvara paryavaraniy muddon par anek rananitiyon ko apanaya gaya hai. sath hi apane sabhi sadasyon ko is sandarbh men adyatan kiya gaya hai. antarrashtriy vittiy snsthaen manaviy gatividhiyon ke paryavaran par padane vale prabhav ko kam karane par khasa jor deti hai. snyukt rashtr ke ovarasij praivet investament kaauraporesan snsthan ne apana yah drishtikon bana liya hai ki mantriyal protokal ke antargat pratibndhit rasayanik padarth jo ki ojon parat ka ksharan karate hain, ke utpadan se judi pratyek gatividhi aur any antarrashtriy paryavaraniy karyakramon ke vikas ki disha men badhak gatividhiyon ke kisi bhi prakar ka vittiy sahayog nahin kiya jayega.

vartaman men paryavaran nivish ka bazar bhari star par phal-phool raha hai. kyoto protokal vikasit rashtron se audyogik star par kiye jane vale grin haus gaison ke utpadan ko kam karane ki mang kar raha hai jo ki navikaraniy oorja sroton ko badhava dene vali takanik ki mang ko bhi badhane men madadagar hai. is tarah ki takanik ko grin haus takanik ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. is takanik ke lie vikasashil rashtr bhi in vikasit rashtron ki taraph asha bhari nazaron se dekh rahe hain. bahut sare paryavaran se jude gair-sarakari sngathan antarrashtriy paryavaraniy muddon ko visheshakar vikasit rashtron ke sandarbh men uthate rahate hain. sath hi unaki jimmedariyon ka ehasas bhi unhen karate rahate hain. isake alava antarrashtriy vittiy sngathano ne apane daphtaron ki sthapana ki hai, jahan par nagarik samuday paryavaran se jude apane muddon evn samasyaon ko n keval ek doosare se sajha kar sakata hai balki apani avaz bhi utha sakata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vishv paryavaran snrakshan divas (hindi) jagranjosh.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 navambar, 2016.

snbndhit lekh

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