राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy shiksha divas
abulakalam azad
vivaran 'rashtriy shiksha divas' svatntr bharat ke pratham shikshamntri maulana abul kalam azad ki smriti men manaya jata hai. bharat men shiksha ke vikas men maulana azad ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika thi.
desh bharat
tithi 11 navambar
shuruat 11 navambar, 2008
vishesh maulana azad mahila shiksha ke khas himayati the. unaki pahal par hi bharat men 1956 men 'yoonivarsiti grant kamishan' ki sthapana huee thi.
any janakari maulana azad ki aguvaee men 1950 ke shuruati dashak men 'sngit natak akadami', 'sahity akadami' aur 'lalit kala akadami' ka gathan hua. isase pahale vah 1950 men hi 'bharatiy sanskritik snbndh parishad' bana chuke the.

rashtriy shiksha divas (angrezi: National Education Day) pratyek varsh '11 navambar' ko manaya jata hai. yah divas bharat ke mahanh svatntrata senani, prasiddh shikshavidh evn svatntr bharat ke pratham shikshamntri aur 'bharat ratn' se sammanit maulana abul kalam azad ki smriti men manaya jata hai. bharat men shiksha ke vikas men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhane vale maulana abul kalam azad aj hi ke din (11 navambar, 1888 ee.) paida hue the.

shuruat

vaidhanik roop se 'rashtriy shiksha divas' ka prarambh 11 navambar, 2008 se kiya gaya hai. '11 navambar' ki tithi bharat ke prasiddh vyaktitv abul kalam azad se judi hai. isi din is mahanh vibhooti ka janm soodi arab ke makka men hua tha.

mahatma gandhi ke vicharon se prabhavit hokar bharat ke svatntrata sngram men shamil hone vale maulana abul kalam azad bharat ke bntavare ke ghor virodhi aur hindoo-muslim ekata ke sabase bade pairokaron men the. halanki vah urdoo ke behad kabil sahityakar aur patrakar the, lekin shikshamntri banane ke bad unhonne urdoo ki jagah angrezi ko tarajih di, taki bharat pashchim se kadamatal milakar chal sake.[1]

shiksha men maulana azad ka yogadan

maulana azad ka manana tha ki angrezon ke zamane men bharat ki padhaee men snskriti ko achchhe dhng se shamil nahin kiya gaya, isilie 1947 men azadi ke bad bharat ke pratham shikshamntri banane par unhonne padhaee-likhaee aur snskriti ke mel par vishesh dhyan diya. maulana azad ki aguvaee men 1950 ke shuruati dashak men 'sngit natak akadami', 'sahity akadami' aur 'lalit kala akadami' ka gathan hua. isase pahale vah 1950 men hi 'bharatiy sanskritik snbndh parishad' bana chuke the. ve bharat ke 'kendriy shiksha bord' ke cheyaramain the, jisaka kam kendr aur rajy donon staron par shiksha ka prasar karana tha. unhonne sakhti se vakalat ki ki bharat men dharm, jati aur ling se oopar uth kar 14 sal tak sabhi bachchon ko prathamik shiksha di jani chahie.

maulana azad mahila shiksha ke khas himayati the. unaki pahal par hi bharat men 1956 men 'yoonivarsiti grant kamishan' ki sthapana huee thi. azad ji ko ek dooradarshi vidvanh mana jata tha, jinhonne 1950 ke dashak men hi soochana aur takanik ke kshetr men shiksha par dhyan dena shuroo kar diya tha. shikshamntri ke taur par unake karyakal men hi bharat men 'indiyan instityoot aauf teknolaauji' ka gathan kiya gaya tha.[1]

sarvashiksha abhiyan

kendr sarakar ne 6 se 14 varsh ki umr vale desh ke sabhi vidyarthiyon ke lie sarvashiksha abhiyan ke nare ke sath isaki shuruat varsh 2002 se ki thi. isake tahat shikshakon ke lie lagatar kee prashikshan satr rakhe ge. desh bhar ke sabhi rajyon ke sabhi prathamik-madhyamik skoolon ke bahar anivary roop se sab "padhen-age badhen" ka bord lagaya gaya, jo samast janata ko yah sndesh dene ke lie lagaya gaya tha ki skoolon ke daravaze samaj ke sabhi vargon ke lie khule hain. isake tahat sabhi dharmon-jatiyon-vargon ke svasth v apng bachchon (6 se 14 varsh) ko shikshit karane ka pravadhan kiya gaya. age chalakar ise aur bhi vyapak roop diya gaya. isi yojana ke tahat desh ke alpasnkhyak varg ke bachchon ke lie kee vishesh yojanaon ko lagoo bhi kiya gaya aur saphal bhi kiya gaya. age chalakar is abhiyan ke tahat 'apng samaveshak shiksha yojana' ko laya gaya aur desh ke sabhi apng bachchon ko svasth v samany bachchon ke sath-sath saman shiksha pradan karane ka adhikar diya gaya.[2]

anivary v muft prathamik shiksha adhikar ka qanoon

'sarvashiksha abhiyan' ki saphalata ke sath-sath kendr sarakar ko mahasoos hua ki abhi bhi samaj men kee dabe-kuchale varg aise hain, jinake bachche padhane ke bajay apane mata-pita ke sath unake kam men hath bntate hain. sarakar ko yah bhi pata chala ki kee laparavah abhibhavak aise hain, jo apane bachchon ko padhana hi nahin chahate. jab kendr sarakar ko laga ki poore desh ke 6 se 14 varsh ki umr vale lakhon bachchon ko kaksha 1 se 8vin ki shiksha se vnchit rahana pad raha hai to usane varsh 2009 men "anivary v muft prathamik shiksha adhikar ka qanoon-2009" lagoo kiya, jise snsad ne apani mnjoori saharsh hi pradan ki.

is qanoon ke tahat poore desh men 6 se 14 varsh ki umr vale sabhi bachchon ko anivary v muft shiksha ka avasar upalabdh karaya gaya. halanki is qanoon ko kafi pahale hi parit kar diya gaya tha, par isaki janakari adhikatar logon ko nahin thi. ise poore desh men vyapak roop se lagoo karane ke lie sarakar ne yojana banaee aur antat: desh ke pahale shikshamntri maulana abul kalam azad ki jaynti ke shubh avasar par, shukravar ke din "11 navambar, 2011" se isaki shuruat kar di gee. isake tahat sabhi prathamik skoolon ke mukhyadhyapakon ko kisi bhi anapadh bachche ko usaki umr ke anusar vali kaksha men poore sal sidhe pravesh dene aur use padha kar saksham banane ka adhikar aur nirdesh diya gaya.

shiksha se vnchit bachche

ek sarvekshan men yah dekhane men aya hai ki abhi bhi rah chalate samaj ke kee varg ke aise bachche dikh jate hain, jo skool nahin jate. isamen kachara binane vale bachche pramukh roop se shamil hain. shahari kshetr men yah bhi dekhane men aya hai ki atnt: laghu star par vyapar karane vale kee parivar aise hain, jo apane bachchon ko sath lekar hi chalate hain aur unake bachche skool nahin ja pate. isamen sadak kinare mochi ka kam karane vale, nivasi imaraton men jhadoo lagane vale, chhoti chay-naste ki dukan chalane vale, pan-bidi ki dukan chalane vale, gharon men kutir udyog (agarabatti, bindi, papad, nakali moti ke dane goonthane vale, kapadon ki silaee karane vale adi) sadakon-muhallon men ghoomakar kachara binane vale, bhikh mangane vale tatha relon-bason men ghoomakar ya phir rel v bas addon par koee n koee saman bechane vale bachche adi shamil hain.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 itihas men ajah 11 navnbar (hindi) didablyoo. abhigaman tithi: 11 navambar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 aupacharikata ban kar rah gaya pahala 'rashtriy shiksha divas' (hindi) en.bi.ti, navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 11 navambar, 2014.

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