अन्तरराष्ट्रीय सूर्य दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antararashtriy soory divas
antararashtriy soory divas
vivaran 'antararashtriy soory divas' saur oorja ke mahattv ko batane hetu poore vishv men manaya jata hai.
tithi 3 mee
uddeshy saur oorja ke upayog ko badhava dena.
snbndhit lekh soory, saur oorja, navin aur navikaraniy oorja mntralay
antararashtriy soory divas (angrezi: International Sun Day) saur oorja ke upayog ko badhava dene ke liye pratyek varsh '3 mee' ko manaya jata hai. saur oorja vah oorja hai jo sidhe soory se prapt ki jati hai. saur oorja hi mausam evn jalavayu ka parivartan karati hai. yahin dharati par sabhi prakar ke jivan (ped-paudhe aur jiv-jantu) ka sahara hai. vaise to saur urja ko vividh prakar se prayog kiya jata hai, kintu soory ki oorja ko vidyut oorja men badalane ko hi mukhy roop se saur oorja ke roop men jana jata hai.

mahattv

soory aj sabase adhik sthir avastha men apane jivan ke kariban adhe raste par hai. isamen kee arab varshon se natakiy roop se koee badalav nahin hua hai aur agami kee varshon tak yoon hi aparivartit bana rahega. halanki ek sthir haidrojan-dahan kal ke pahale ka aur bad ka tara bilakul alag hota hai. saur oorja, jo roshani v ooshma donon roopon men prapt hoti hai, ka upayog kee prakar se ho sakata hai. saur ooshma ka upayog anaj ko sukhane, jal ushman, khana pakane, prashitan, jal parishkaran tatha vidyut oorja utpadan hetu kiya ja sakata hai. photo voltayik pranali dvara soory ke prakash ko vidyut men roopantarit karake prakash prapt ki ja sakati hai, prashilan ka kary kiya ja sakata hai, doorabhash, telivijan, rediyo adi chalae ja sakate hain, tatha pnkhe v jal-pamp adi bhi chalae ja sakate hain.

saur-ushma par adharit praudyogiki

saur ooshma par adharit praudyogiki ka upayog ghareloo, vyaparik v audyogik istemal ke lie jal ko garam karane men kiya ja sakata hai. desh men pichhale do dashakon se saur jalooshmak banae ja rahe hain. lagabhag 4,50,000 vargamitar se adhik kshetraphal ke saur jal ooshma sngrahak snsthapit kie ja chuke hain jo pratidin 220 lakh litar jal ko 60-70° se. tak garam karate hain.

bharat sarakar ka aparamparik oorja srot mntralay is oorja ke upayog ko protsahan dene hetu praudyogiki vikas, pramanan, arthik evn vittiy protsahan, jan-prachar adi karyakram chala raha hai. isake phalasvaroop praudyogiki ab lagabhag paripakvata prapt kar chuki hai tatha isaki dakshata aur arthik lagat men bhi kaphi sudhar hua hai. vrihadh paimane par kshetr-parikshanon dvara yah sabit ho chuka hai ki avasiy bhavanon, restaraon, hotalon, aspatalon v vibhinn udyogon (khady parishkaran, aushadhi, vastr, dibba bandi, adi) ke lie yah ek uchit praudyogiki hai. jab ham saur ooshmak se jal garm karate hain to isase uchch avashyakata vale samay men bijali ki bachat hoti hai. 100 litar kshamata ke 1000 ghareloo saur jal-ushmakon se ek megavat bijali ki bachat hoti hai. sath hi 100 litar ki kshamata ke ek saur ooshmak se karban daee aksaid ke utsarjan men prativarsh 1.5 tan ki kami hogi. in snyntron ka jivan-kal lagabhag 15-20 varsh ka hai.

bharat men saur oorja hetu vibhinn karyakramon ka snchalan bharat sarakar ke navin aur navikaraniy oorja mntralay dvara kiya jata hai. bharat ki ghani abadi aur uchch saur atapan saur oorja ko bharat ke lie ek adarsh oorja srot banata hai. kintu saur oorja nirntar kharchili hai aur is par bhari nivesh ki jaroorat padati hai. saur oorja ka sh‍varoop asthir hai jisase ise grid men samayojit karana mushkil hota hai. logon ki jagarukata ka abhav, uchh‍ch uth‍padan lagat tatha vartaman oorja ko chhodane ki simaen evn pareshan (transamashin) netavark ko deshabhar men saur oorja kshamata ke bharapoor dohan ki di‍sha men mukhh‍y badha ke roop men mana gaya hai.

haindabuk aaun solar redieshan ovar indiya ke anusar, bharat ke adhikansh bhag men ek varsh men 250-300 dhoop nikalane vale dinon sahit pratidin prati vargamitar 4-7 kilovat ghnte ka saur vikiran prapt hota hai. rajasthan aur gujarat men prapt saur vikiran udisa men prapt vikiran ki apeksha jyada hai. desh men 30-50 megavat/ prativarg kilomitar chhayarahit khula kshetr hone ke bavajood upalabh‍dh kshamata ki tulana men desh men saur oorja ka dohan kaphi kam hai (jo 31-5-2014 ki sthiti ke anusar 2647 megavat hai).



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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