अप्रैल फ़ूल दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aprail fool divas
aprail fool divas
vivaran 'aprail fool divas' arthath ‘moorkh divas’ ko 1 aprail ke din vishvabhar men mauj-masti aur hnsi-majak ke sath ek-doosare ko moorkh banate hue manaya jata hai.
uddeshy is din log apane mitron, padosiyon aur yahan tak ki ghar ke sadasyon se bhi bade hi vichitr prakar ke hnsi-majak, moorkhatapoorn kary aur dhokhe men dalane vale upahar dekar annd lete hain.
shuruat aprail fool ki shuruat 17vin sadi se huee, parantu 1 aprail ko 'fools de' ke roop me mana jana aur logo logon ke sath hnsi majzak karane ka silasila sanh 1564 ke bad frans se shuroo hua.
lokapriyata 'aaul fools de' ke roop men jana jane vala yah din, 1 aprail ek adhikarik chhutti ka din nahin hai, lekin ise vyapak roop se ek aise din ke roop men manaya jata hai, jisamen ek doosare ke sath vyavaharik majak aur samany taur par moorkhatapoorn harakaten ki jati hain.
any janakari rom men ‘aprail fool’ ko frans ki bhanti 7 dinon tak manaya jata hai aur chin ki bhanti bairng parsal bhej kar moorkh banaya jata hai. japan men bachche patng par inami ghoshana likh kar udate hain. patng pakad kar inam mangane vala ‘aprail fool’ ban jata hai.

aprail fool divas arthath ‘moorkh divas’ (angrezi: April Fool's Day) ko 1 aprail ke din vishvabhar men mauj-masti aur hnsi-majak ke sath ek-doosare ko moorkh banate hue manaya jata hai. is din log apane mitron, padosiyon aur yahan tak ki ghar ke sadasyon se bhi bade hi vichitr prakar ke hnsi-majak, moorkhatapoorn kary aur dhokhe men dalane vale upahar dekar annd lete hain.

lokapriyata

'aaul fools de' ke roop men jana jane vala yah din, 1 aprail ek adhikarik chhutti ka din nahin hai, lekin ise vyapak roop se ek aise din ke roop men jana aur manaya jata hai, jab ek doosare ke sath vyavaharik majak aur samany taur par moorkhatapoorn harakaten ki jati hain. yah din moorkh banakar ya moorkh banakar bhi man ko sukh deta hai. yahi anootha bhav hi isaki lokapriyata ka sabase bada karan hai. moorkh banane ya banane ka arth thagane ya thagane se nahin hai, varanh isaka snbndh thoda-sa sukh aur annd pane ki un manaviy bhavanaon se hai, jisake liye har vyakti jivan men din-rat joojhata hai. 1 aprail ko kisi bhi mitr ko moorkh banane ka apana alag hi maja hai. kee bar to moorkh banane vale ko kafi kasht bhi pahunchata hai. daud-dhoop aur kafi kharch karane ke pashchath hi moorkh banane vala yah samajh jata hai ki use ‘aprail fool’ banaya gaya hai. lekin har vyakti ko is bat ka dhyan rakhana chahie, ki apane majak se kisi ka bura n ho.

lokakathaen

moorkh divas ke vishay men snsar men kee lokakathaen prachalit hain. har katha ka mool uddeshy yahi hai ki poore din ko manornjan ke sath vyatit karana. is divas ki kuchh kathaon ki janakari is prakar se hai-

  • bahut pahale yoonan men moksar namak ek majakiya raja tha. ek din usane svapn men dekha ki kisi chinti ne use jinda nigal liya hai. subah usaki nind tooti to svapn taja ho gaya. svapn ki bat par vah jor-jor se hnsane laga. rani ne hnsane ka karan poochha to usane bataya- ‘rat mainne sapane men dekha ki ek chinti ne mujhe zinda nigal liya hai. sun kar rani bhi hnsane lagi. tabhi ek jyotish ne akar kaha, maharaj is svapn ka arth hai- aj ka din ap hnsi-majak v thitholi ke sath vyatit karen. us din aprail mahine ki pahali tarikh thi. bas tab se lagatar ek hnsi-majak bhara din har varsh manaya jane laga.
  • ek any lok katha ke anusar ek apsara ne kisan se dosti ki aur kaha- yadi tum ek mataki bhar pani ek hi sans men pi jaoge to main tumhen varadan doongi. mehanatakash kisan ne turnt pani se bhara mataka uthaya aur pi gaya. jab usane varadan vali bat doharaee to apsara boli- ‘tum bahut bhol-bhale ho, aj se tumhen main yah varadan deti hoon ki tum apani chutili baton dvara logon ke bich khoob hnsi-majak karoge. apsara ka varadan pakar kisan ne logon ko bahut hnsaya, hnsane-hnsane ke karan hi ek hnsi ka parv janma, jise ham moorkh divas ke nam se pukarate hain.
  • bahut pahale chin men sananti namak ek snt the, jinaki dadhi zamin tak lambi thi. ek din unaki dadhi men achanak ag lag gee to ve bachao-bachao kah kar uchhalane lage. unhen is tarah uchhalate dekh kar bachche jor-jor se hnsane lage. tabhi snt ne kaha, main to mar raha hoon, lekin tum aj ke hi din khoob hnsoge, itana kah kar unhonne pran tyag die.
apral fool divas
  • spen ke raja maunto ber the. ek din unhonne ghoshana karaee ki jo sabase sachch jhooth likh kar laega, use eenam diya jaega. pratiyogita ke din raja ke pas ‘sachch jhooth’ ke hajaron khat pahunche, lekin raja kisi ke khat se sntusht nahin the, ant men ek ladaki ne akar kaha ‘maharaj main goongi aur andhi hoon’. sun kar raja chakaraya aur poochha ‘kya saboot hai ki tum sachamuch andhi ho, tab tej-tarrat kishori boli mahal ke samane jo ped laga hai, vah apako to dikhaee de raha hai, lekin mujhe nahin.’ is bat par raja khoob hnsa. usane kishori ke jhoothe parihas ka eenam diya aur praja ke bich ghoshana karavaee ki ab ham har varsh pahali aprail ko moorkh divas ka din manaenge. tab se aj tak yah parampara chali a rahi hai.
  • eesa poorv ethens nagar men char mitr rahate the. inamen se ek apane ko bahut buddhiman samajhata tha aur doosaron ko nicha dikhane men usako bahut maja ata tha. ek bar tinon mitron ne mil kar ek chal sochi aur us se kaha ki kal rat men ek anokha sapana dikhayi diya. sapane men hamane dekha ki ek devi hamare samane khadi hokar kah rahi hai ki kal rat pahadi ki choti par ek divy jyoti prakat hogi aur manachaha varadan degi, isalie tum apane sabhi mitron ke sath vahan zaroor ana. apane ko buddhiman samajhane vale us mitr ne unaki bat par vishvas kar liya. nishchit samay par pahad ki choti par pahunch gaya sath hi kuchh aur log bhi usake sath yah tamasha dekhane ke lie pahunch ge. aur jinhonne yah bat bataee thi vah chhip kar sab tamasha dekh rahe the. dhire dhire bhid badhऩe lagi aur rat bhi akash men chandrama aur tare chamakane lage par us divy jyoti ke kahin darshan nahin hue aur n hi unaka kahin namon nishan dikha. kahate hain us din 1 aprail tha bas phir to ethens men har varsh moorkh banane ki pratha chal padi bad men dhire dhire doosare deshon ne bhi isako apana liya aur apane janane vale chir -parichiton ko 1 aprail ko moorkh banane lage. is tarah moorkh divas ka janm hua.
  • kahavat hai ki ek bar hasy premi bharatendu harishchndr ne banaras men dhindhora pitava diya ki amuk vaigyanik amuk samay par chandrama aur sooraj ko dharati par utar kar dikhayenge. niyat samay par logon ki bhid is adbhut karishme ko dekhane ko jama ho gee. ghnton log intazar men baithe rahe parantu vahan koee vaigyanik nahin dikhayi diya us din 1 aprail tha, log moorkh ban ke vapas a ge. ab to poori duniya men hi aprail-fool ka prachalan badh chala hai, aise men bharat bhi achhoota nahin raha hai. har koee ek din pahale se hi taiyari karane lagata hai ki kise-kise moorkh banana hai, aur kaise banana hai.

videshon ka aprail fool

apral fool divas

bharat ke alava videshon men bhi log apani-apani snskriti ke anusar ‘moorkh divas’ manate hain. aprail fool divas pashchimi deshon men har sal 1 aprail ko manaya jata hai. frans men ‘aprail fool’ ke din moorkhon, kaviyon aur vyngyakaron ka romanchak karyakram hota hai. yah karyakram 7 dinon tak lagatar chalata hai. is manornjak karyakram men bhag lene vale yuvak ko yuvati ki dres pahanani padati hai. is karyakram men ashlilata ki jhalak nahin milati. moorkh bane vyakti ko eenam diya jata hai. chin men ‘aprail fool’ ke din bairng parsal bhejane aur mithaee bantane ki parnpara hai. is din yahan ke bachche khoob hnsate hain. yahan ke log jngali janavar ke mukhaute pahanakar ane-jane vale logon ko darate hain. kee log to sach men janavar samajh kar dar jate hain.

rom men ‘aprail fool’ ko frans ki bhanti hi 7 dinon tak manaya jata hai aur chin ki bhanti bairng parsal bhej kar moorkh banaya jata hai. japan men bachche patng par inami ghoshana likh kar udate hain. patng pakad kar inam mangane vala ‘aprail fool’ ban jata hai. inglaind men ‘aprail fool’ ke din atynt manornjak evn rochak karyakram hote hain. is karyakram men moorkhata bhare git gakar, moorkh gayan karake moorkh banaya jata hai. skaautalaind men ‘moorkh divas’ ko ‘hnting d kool’ ke nam se jana jata hai. murga churana yahan ki vishesh parnpara hai. murge ka malik bhi isaka tanik bura nahin manata. kisi ka murga churakar maja lootana yahan ke logon ka ‘aprail fool’ manane ka tarika to hai hi, sath hi ne-ne tarike dhoondh kar ek-doosare ko bhi bevakooph banate hain. spen men is parnpara ki shuruat yahan ke poorv raja ‘mauntobet’ ne ki thi. is din bahut hnsi-majak ka karyakram chalata hai. jhoothe itihas par inam bhi diya jata hai.

itihas

parnparik taur par kuchh deshon jaise nyoojilaind, briten, aaustreliya aur dakshin aphrika men is tarah ke majak keval dopahar tak hi kiye jate hain, aur agar koee dopahar ke bad kisi tarah ki koshish karata hai to use "aprail fool" kaha jata hai. aisa isiliye kiya jata hai kyonki briten ke akhabar jo aprail fool par mukhy prishth nikalate hain ve aisa sirph pahale (subah ke) edishan ke lie hi karate hain. isake alava phrans, ayaralaind, itali, dakshin koriya, japan, roos, nidaralaind, jarmani, brajil, kanada aur amerika men joks ka silasila din bhar chalata rahata hai. 1 aprail aur moorkhata ke bich sabase pahala darj kiya gaya snbndh chaausar ke kaintarabari tels (1392) men paya jata hai. british lekhak chausar ki kitab 'd kaintarabari tels' men kaintarabari nam ke ek kasbe ka zikr hai. isamen inglaind ke raja richard dvitiy aur bohemiya ki rani eni ki sagaee ki tarikh 32 march 1381 ko hone ki ghoshana ki jati hai, jise kasbe ke log sahi manakar moorkh ban jate hain. tabhi se ek aprail ko moorkh divas manaya jata hai.

apral fool divas

bahut se logo ka manana hai ki aprail fool ki shuruat 17vin sadi se huee, parantu pahali aprail ko 'fools de' ke roop me mana jana aur logo logon ke sath hnsi majzak karane ka silasila sanh 1564 ke bad frans se shuroo hua. is parnpara ki shuruat ki kahani badi hi manornjak hai. 1564 se pahale yoorop ke lagabhag sabhi deshon me ek jaisa kailendar prachalit tha, jisame har naya varsh pahali aprail se shuroo hota tha. un dinon pahali aprail ke din ko log navavarsh ke pratham din ki tarah thik isi prakar manate the, jaise aj ham pahali janavari ko manate hain. is din log ek-doosare ko navavarsh ke upahar dete the, shubh-kamanaen bhejate the aur ek doosare ke ghar milane ko jaya karate the. sanh 1564 me vahan ke raja charls navam ne ek behatar kailendar ko apanane ka adesh diya. is ne kailendar me aj ki tarah 1 janavari ko varsh ka pratham din mana gaya tha. adhikatar logo ne is ne kailendar ko apana liya, lekin kuchh aise bhi log the, jinhonne ne kailendar ko apanane se inkar kar diya tha. vah pahali janavari ko varsh ka naya din n manakar pahali aprail ko hi varsh ka pahala din manate the. aise logo ko moorkh samajhakar naya kailendar apanane valo ne pahali aprail ke din vichitr prakar ke majzak aur jhoothe upahar dene shuroo kar die aur tabhi se aj tak pahali aprail ko log 'fools de' ke roop me manate hain. aj ke log in purani baitan ko to bhool ge hain, lekin pahali aprail ko fools de manana abhi tak nahin bhoole hain. ye ab ek tarah se har varsh ane vale tyoharon ki hi tarah hamare jivan me shamil ho gaya hai.

rom, madhy yoorop aur hindoo samuday men 20 march se lekar 5 aprail tak naya sal manaya jata hai. is dauran 'vasnt ritu' hoti hai. jooniyal kailendar ne 1 aprail se naya sal mana, joki sanh 1582 tak manaya gaya. isake bad pop gregi 13ven ne gregiyan kailendar banaya. isake anusar 1 janavari ko naya sal ghoshit kiya gaya. kee deshon ne sanh 1660 men gregiyan kailendar svikar kar liya. jarmani, danish aur narve men sanh 1700 aur inglaind men 1759 men ek janavari ko ne sal ke roop men svikar kiya gaya. frans ke logon ko laga ki sal ka pahala din badalakar unhen moorkh banaya gaya hai aur purane kailendar ke navavarsh ko unhonne moorkh divas ghoshit kar diya.

moorkh divas ka virodh

aprail ke moorkh divas ko rokane ke lie yoorop ke kee desh men samay-samay par anek koshish huee, lakh virodh ke bavajood yah divas manaya jata raha hai. ab to logon ne 1 aprail ko parampara ke roop men le liya. is divas ko manane vale kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki is ko ham isalie manate hain taki moorkhata jo manushy ka janmajat svabhav hai. varsh men ek bar sab azad ho kar har tarah se is divas ko manaye aur is divas par jam kar hnse. jisase man mastak men oorja ka snchar paida ho.


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