दक्षिण अफ़्रीका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dakshin afrika dhvaj

dakshin afrika, afrika ke dakshini chhor par sthit hai. dakshin afrika uttar men namibiya, botsavana aur jimbabve tatha uttar-poorv men mojambik aur svitjaralaind ki simaon ke sath lagata hain. lesotho ek aisa svatntr desh hai, jo poori tarah se dakshin afrika se ghira hua hai. dakshin afrika men pashchim se poorv bahati huee limpopo nadi hind mahasagar men girati hai. limpopo nadi ko ghadiyal nadi bhi kahate hain. bharat ki tarah hi dakshin afrika tezi se badhati arthavyavasthaon men gina jata hai. dakshin afrika men bhi garibi, shiksha ka abhav aur echaeevi eds jaisi samasyaen hain.

itihas

dakshin afrika men hira aur sone ki khoj ke sath hi 19vin shatabdi men dvnd shuroo ho gaya. us dvnd ko englo-boar yuddh ke nam se jana jata hai. british ne boar par yuddh men vijay prapt kar li thi, lekin 1910 men dakshin afrika ko british dominiyan ke taur par simit svatntrata pradan ki. 1961 men dakshin afrika ko ganarajy ka darja mila tha.

bhasha

dakshin aphrika men keval 8.2% log hi matribhasha bolate hain. dakshin afrika men matribhasha ke taur par boli jane vali tin pahali bhashayen-

  • dakshin afrika men 23.8% juloo bhasha boli jati hai.
  • dakshin afrika men 17.6% shosa bhasha boli jati hai.
  • dakshin afrika men 13.3% aphrikans bhasha boli jati hai.

dakshin aphrika men 11 bhashaon ko adhikarik bhasha ka darja diya gaya hai, jinamen angrezi ke sath-sath aphrikans, dakshini dibili, uttari sotho, dakshini sotho, svaji, songa, svana, shosa aur juloo shamil hain. kisi ek desh men boli jane vali bhashaon ki snkhya ke hisab se yah boliviya aur bharat ke bad tisara desh hai.

jati aur dharm

  • jatiy roop se sabase zyada vividhataon vala desh dakshin afrika hai.
  • dakshin afrika men afrika ke kisi bhi desh se zyada safed rng vale log rahate hain.
  • afriki janajatiyon ke alava dakshin afrika men kee eshiyaee deshon ke log bhi hain jiname sabase zyada bharat se aye logon ki snkhya hai.
  • hindoo dharm ka itihas yahan atyant apekshakrit naya hai. hindoo dharm ke anuyaiyon ki upasthiti yahan samrajyavad-kal se bahut pahale, madhyakal se hi rahi hai. dakshin afrika evn poorv afriki tatiy deshon men hindoo janasnkhya adhik snkhya men nivas karati hai.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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