सोमालिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

somaliya ka dhvaj

somaliya (angrezi: Somalia) afrika ke poorvi kinare par sthit ek desh hai, jise poorv men somali lokatantrik ganarajy ke nam se jana jata tha. isake uttar-pashchim men jibooti, dakshin pashchim men kenya, uttar men adan ki khadi, poorv men hind mahasagar aur pashchim men ithiyopiya sthit hai.

itihas

adhikarik taur par snghiy ganarajy somaliya ko poorv men somali lokatantrik ganarajy ke roop men jana jata hai. prachin kal men somaliya baki duniya ke sath vanijy ke lie ek mahattvapoorn kendr hua karata tha. isake navik aur vyapari loban, masale aur un tamam vastuon ke mukhy apoortikarta the, jinhen prachin misri, phonishiyaee, mesenishiyaee aur bebilon nivasiyon dvara moolyavan mana jata tha. vidvanon ke anusar somaliya vah sthan bhi tha, jahan punt ka prachin rajy sthit tha. prachin puntites aise logon ka desh tha, jinaka prachin misr ke sath raja pharoh sahure aur rani hatshepasat ke daur men ghanishth snbndh tha. somaliya ke asapas bichhi huee piramid snrachanaen, mndir aur tarashi he patthar ke prachin ghar is avadhi ke mane jate hain.

afrika mahadvip ka aitihasik rashtr somaliya duniya men isalie bhi jana jata hai, kyonki paigambar mohammad sahab ka sndesh makka ke bad sarvapratham jis rashtr men gaya tha, vah somaliya hi tha. yah us samay 'habsha' kahalata tha. jab arab men atyachar badha, tab mohammad sahab ke kuchh anuyaiyon ne yahin jakar sharan li thi aur yahan ke eesaee raja asmaha bin abahar ne in pratham muslim sharanarthiyon ko azadi ke sath rahane ki ijazat di thi. mohammad sahab ke anuyaiyon ne jis sthan ko apani sharan sthali banaya tha, vah aj somaliya ke shahar zila ka hissa hai.[1]

nirdhanatam desh

somaliya ki vartaman rajadhani mogadeshoo afrika men islam ka ek kendr thi, lekin jis dharati ne makka ke bad sarvapratham mohammad sahab ke anuyaiyon ko sharan di, aj vahin 99 pratishat muslim abadi bhookh, pyas aur bhaynkar sookhe ki chapet men hai. snyukt rashtr ki riport ke anusar, somaliya duniya ke nirdhanatam deshon men se ek hai, jabaki prakriti ne ise vibhinn prakar ki prakritik snpadaon se malamal kar rakha hai. yahan tel, yooreniyam, gais evn svarn ki khanen badi matra men maujood hain, parntu isake bavajood gat do dashakon men 20 lakh log anaj ki kami se tadap-tadap kar mar chuke hain, jinamen bachchon ki snkhya 30 hazar bataee jati hai. somaliya men prakritik snpada evn snsadhan bahut hain, lekin kushal netritv ke abhav aur bahari hastakshep ke chalate desh garibi ke daladal men phnsata chala gaya. natija yah hua ki aj yah duniya ke sabase nirdhanatam deshon men gina jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. somaliya : badahali ki asal vajah netritv ka abhav aur bahari hastakshep (hindi) thauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 03 faravari, 2015.

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