इक्वेडोर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ikvedor pashchimi dakshin amarika ka ek desh hai (kshetraphal : 1,04,505 varg mil, lagabhag; janasnkhya 55,85,400 (1967); rajadhani : kuito, janasnkhya 4,62,863).

isake uttar men kolnbiya, poorv aur dakshin men peroo tatha pashchim men prashant mahasagar sthit hai.

prakritik dasha-uttar dakshin phaila hua aindiz ikvedor ko do bhagon men vibhajit karata hai. is desh men isaki do parvatashreniyan hain jinake madhy men oonche pathar hain. bhootakal evn vartaman kal men snbhavat: yahi bhoobhag, amarika men jvalamukhi se sarvadhik prabhavit raha hai. is samay yahan ke chinborazon (20,575 phut) tatha kotapaiksi (19,339 phut) snsar ke sarvochch jvalamukhi pradesh men bikhare hue hain. yahan ki nadiyan naukavahan ke yogy nahin hain.

jalavayu - ikvedor ka samudratatiy pradesh ushn aur ardr hai. yahan ka ausat tap 75° pha. se 80° pha. tak hai. antarik pradeshon men ghatiyon ka tap lagabhag 90° pha. tatha uchch patharon ka keval 50° pha. rahata hai.

vanaspati - aindiz ke uchch patharon tatha prashant mahasagar tat ke shushk pradesh ko chhodakar samast ikvedor saghan vanon se dhaka hai. yahan ke vanon men daee vud (ek lakadi jisase rng nikalata hai), sinakona (jisase kvinin nikalati hai) tatha balasa vud (ek atynt halki lakadi) bahutayat se milate hain.

utpadan - poonji, yatayat ke sadhan tatha prashikshit shramikon ki kami ke karan krishi hi yahan ka mukhy udyam hain. yahan ke log sagaratatiy pradesh tatha nimn dharatal ki nadighatiyon men ushnapradeshiy vastuen aur uchch ghatiyon tatha parvatiy dhalon par anaj, phal, tarakari, adi shitoshn pradeshiy vastuen utpann karane ke sath pashupalan bhi karate hain. yahan ki 4.5 pratishat bhoomi par krishi tatha 4.1 pratishat bhoomi par pashupalan hota hai. 74.1 pratishat par van hain. 15.9 pratishat bhoomi krishi yogy nahin hai. 1.4 pratishat ko kary yogy banaya ja sakata hai.

koko yahan ka pradhan krishi utpadan hai. kahava, chaval, kela, chini, ruee, makka, aloo, sntara, niboo evn pashu yahan ke any mukhy utpadan hain.

yahan ka mahatvapoorn khanij padarth petroliyam hai. sona, tanba, chandi, gndhak yahan ke any mukhy khanij hain.

hal men yahan par udyog dhndhon men kuchh pragati huee hai. kataee bunaee yahan ka mukhy udyog hai. dava, biskut, rabar ki vastuen, nakali resham, siment adi udyog yahan pragati par hain. yahan ke any udyog chini, joota, lakadi, ailkohal, tnbakoo diyasalaee banana adi hain.

ikvedor kachche malon ka niryat tatha pakke malon ka ayat karata hai. snpoorn niryat ki huee vastuon ki 90 pratishat khanij evn krishij vastuen hain. pramukhata ke kramanusar niryat ki huee vastuen koko, kahava, kela, chaval, kachcha petroliyam tatha balasa vud hain.

yahan ki sarakar snsadh (sinet) tatha mntrimndal dvara bani hai. rashtrapati evn uparashtrapati char varshon ke lie nirvachit hote hain. yahan par prarnbhik shiksha ni:shulk tatha anivary hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 506 |

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