भूटान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhootan ka dhvaj
Flag of Bhutan

bhootan nee aur purani parnparaon ka anootha mishran hai| bhootan dhire-dhire adhunik duniya ke lie apani prachin parnparaon ke sath ek achchha sntulan banae hue hai. satrahavin sadi ke ant men bhootan ne bauddh dharm ko angikar kiya. 1865 men briten aur bhootan ke bich sinachulu sndhi par hastakshar hua, jisake tahat bhootan ko simavarti kuchh bhoobhag ke badale kuchh varshik anudan ke karar kie ge. british prabhav ke tahat 1907 men vahan rajashahi ki sthapana huee. tin sal bad ek aur samajhauta hua, jisake tahat british is bat par raji hue ki ve bhootan ke antarik mamalon men hastkshep nahin karenge lekin bhootan ki videsh niti inglaind dvara tay ki jaegi. bad men 1947 ke pashchath yahi bhoomika bharat ko mili.

bhoogol

bhootan charon taraph se sthal se ghira hua parvatiy kshetr hai. uttar men parvaton ki chotiyan kahin-kahin 7000 mitar se bhi oonchi hain aur sabase oonchi choti kula kangari ki hai, kula kangari 7553 mitar oonchi hai. gangakhar puenasum ki oonchaee 6896 mitar hai, jis par abhi tak manushy ke qadam nahin pahunche hain. bhootan ka dakshini hissa apekshakrit kam ooncha hai aur yahan par kee upajaoo aur saghan ghatiyan hain, jo brahmaputr ki ghati se milati hai. desh ka lagabhag 70% hissa vanon se achchhadit hai. bhootan ki zyadatar abadi madhyavarti hisson men rahati hai. bhootan ki rajadhani thimphoo hai aur yah bhootan ka sabase bada shahar bhi hai, yah bhootan ke pashchimi hisse men sthit hai aur isaki abadi 50,000 hai. bhootan ki jalavayu mukhy roop se ushnakatibndhiy hai.

arthavyavastha

bhootan ki arthavyavastha mukhyatah krishi pradhan hai.bhootan ke kisanon ki jivika ka mukhy pravas krishi, pashupalan hai. panir, makkhan aur doodh jaise pashu utpadon ke kisanon ke lie ek pramukh ahar hai. bhootan ke logon ki ay bhi inhin ke dvara utpann hoti hai. kee kisanon ke samoohon aur krishi aur van mntralay dvara protsahit kiya ja raha sahakari samitiyon ke sath, logon ko sahakari stalon jahan ve asani se apane krishi utpadon ke bazar kar sakate hain sthapit karane ke lie protsahit kiya gaya hai.

bhootan ke vibhinn drishy

bhootan ki mukhy phasalen chaval, makka, gehoon, aloo, seb, sntare, ilayachi, adarak, mirch aur ninboo hai. rajadhani men ek phal adharit udyog ki sthapana ke sath, asapas ke ilakon se kisanon ke lie unake phalon ke utpadon ke bazar ke lie aur is tarah atirikt rajasv kamane ke lie kar rahe hain.

bharat aur bhootan ke samajhaute

  • 1949 men bharat bhootan samajhaute ke tahat bharat ne bhootan ki vo sari zamin use lauta di jo angrejon ke adhin thi. is samajhaute ke tahat bharat ka bhootan ki videsh niti evn raksha niti men kafi mahattvapoorn bhoomika di gee.
  • bharat aur bhootan ke bich apasi snbadh bejod sauhard aur maitripoorn rahe hain, jinamen varsh ke dauran niyamit roop se uchch stariy vartalap ke jarie aur bhi pragadhata ayi. bhootan ke panchaven naresh ka rajyabhishek bhi hua.
  • pradhanamntri da. manamohan sinh ne 16-17 mee, 2008 ke dauran bhootan ki yatra ki, jisamen unhonne lokatantrik dhng se chuni huee snsad ke pratham adhiveshan ko snbodhit kiya. is yatra ke dauran, pradhanamntri ne ghoshana ki ki 2020 tak bharat bhootan men pan-bijali vikas ka lakshy duguna karega taki bhootan bharat ko 10,000 megavat bijali ka niryat kar sake. bharat aur bhootan ke bich qayam kiye ja rahe pratham rel snpark ke lie bharat sarakar sahayata jari karegi aur bhootani vidyarthiyon ke lie pratishthit neharoo-vangchuk skalaraship ki sthapana ki jaegi.
  • bhootan ke pradhanamntri liyonchhen jigni vaee thinle ne 14-17 julaee 2008 ki avadhi men bharat ki sarakari yatra ki aur 12-14 navnbar, 2008 ke dauran doosare bimstek shikhar sammelan men hissa lene ke lie ek bar phir nee dilli aye.
bhootan ki dak tikat
  • bharat ki rashtrapati shrimati pratibhadevi sinh patil aur videsh mntri shri pranab mukharji ne 5-8 navnbar 2008 ki avadhi men nepal naresh mahamahim jigmen khesar namagyel vangchuk ke rajyabhishek k avasar par bhootan ki sarakari yatra ki.
  • bhootan ne varsh 2008 ko pndit javahar lal neharoo ki bhootan yatra ke svarn jayanti varsh ke roop men manaya, jinhonne 1958 men bhootan ki yatra ki thi. bhootan ka snsadiy shishtamndal faravari, 2009 men bharat ki yatra par aya aur unhonne bharatiy sansadon se batachit ki.
  • bharat aur bhootan ke apasi snbndh ghanishth vichar-vimarsh, paripakvata, poorn vishvas aur apasi samajh par adharit hain aur ve adarsh padosi ke snbndhon ka utkrisht udaharan hain. in vishesh snbndhon ki niyamit yatraon ki parnpara aur uchch staron par vicharon ke adan-pradan ke jarie aur bhi sthayitv pradan kiya jata hai.
  • mee, 2008 men bhootan men lokatantrik roop men chuni gee pratham snsad aur sarakar ki sthapana ke bad bharat sarakar ne bhootan ki shahi sarakar ke lokatntr ko mazaboot banane men poorn samarthan aur sahayog dene ka vayada kiya hai.
  • bharat bhootan ka sabase bada vyapar aur bhagidar raha hai.
  • bhootan dvara 1960 ke dashak ke arnbh men yojanabaddh vikas shuroo kiye jane ke samay se hi bharat bhootan ki pnchavarshiy yojanaon ke lie vittiy sahayata pahuncha raha hai.
  • hal hi men bharat sarakar ne 2020 tak bhootan men 10,000 megavat panabijali paida karane ka vayada kiya hai taki vah bharat ko niryat kar sake.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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