प्रणब मुखर्जी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pranab mukharji
pranab mukharji
poora nam pranab kumar mukharji
any nam pranab da, dada, poltoo
janm 11 disnbar, 1935
janm bhoomi mirati (mirati) ganv, birabhoom zila, pashchim bngal
abhibhavak kamada kinkar mukharji aur rajalakshmi mukharji
pati/patni shubhra mukharji
sntan do putr- abhijit v indrajit aur ek putri sharmishtha
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bharat ke 13ven rashtrapati aur poorv vitt mntri
kary kal 25 julaee, 2012 se 25 julaee, 2017 tak
shiksha itihas aur rajaniti vigyan men snatakottar, elelabi
vidyalay kalakatta vishvavidyalay
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi padm vibhooshan, bharat ratn
any janakari pranab mukharji ko kee pratishthit aur haee prophail mntralay snbhalane jaisi vishishtata prapt hai. unhonne raksha mntralay, vitt mntralay, videsh vishayak mntralay, shiping, rajasv, nauvahan, yatayat, snchar, vanijy aur udyog, arthik mamale jaise lagabhag sabhi mahattvapoorn mntralayon men apani sevaen di hain.
adyatan‎

pranab mukharji (angrezi: Pranab Mukherjee, janm: 11 disambar 1935, pashchim bngal) bharat ke 13ven rashtrapati hain. ve bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke pramukh neta rahe hain. bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke netritv vale snyukt pragatishil gathabndhan (yoopie) ne unhen julaee, 2012 men bharat ke rashtrapati pad ka ummidavar niyukt kiya tha aur rashtrapati chunav men pranab mukharji ne virodhi ummidavar pi.e. sngama ko harakar jit hasil ki thi. 25 julaee, 2012 ko pranab mukharji rashtrapati pad ki shapath lekar bharat ke 13ven rashtrapati bane the. bharat ke 14ven rashtrapati ke roop men ramanath kovind ne pranav mukharji ka karyakal poorn hone ke bad 25 julaee, 2017 ko rashtrapati pad ki shapath grahan ki.

jivan parichay

pranab mukharji ka janm, pashchim bngal ke birabhoom zile ke kiranahar shahar ke ek chhote se ganv mirati (mirati) men ek brahman parivar men 11 disnbar, 1935 men hua tha. pranab mukharji ke pita shri kamada kinkar mukharji aur mata shrimati rajalakshmi mukharji hain. gramin bngal ke birabhoom men pale-badhe pranab mukharji apane upanam 'poltoo' ke nam se jane jate the. pranab mukharji ki patni ka nam shubhra mukharji hai. unake do putr- abhijit v indrajit aur ek putri sharmishtha hai. pranab mukharji ke putr abhijit mukharji sarakari naukari chhodakar rajaniti men ae pashchim bngal vidhanasabha men vidhayak hain. unaki beti sharmishtha ek nrityangana hain. unake bhaee shanti niketan vishv bharati yoonivarsiti ke indira gandhi sentar phaaur neshanal intigrashan ke dayarektar pad se ritayar hue hai. pranab mukharji ke pitaji, kamada kinkar mukharji kshetr ke ek pramukh svatntrata senani the aur azadi ki ladaee men apani sakriy bhoomika nibhane ke chalate vah 10 varshon se jyada samay tak british jelon men kaid rahe. unake pitaji 1920 se indiyan neshanal kangres (akhil bharatiy kangres) ke ek sakriy karyakarta the aur sabhi kangresi andolanon men hissa liya. desh ki ajadi ke bad 1952 se lekar 1964 tak pashchim bngal vidhan parishad ke sadasy rahe the aur virabhoom pashchim bngal zila kangres kameti ke adhyaksh the. pita ka hath pakad kar hi pranab ne rajaniti men pravesh kiya.

shiksha

parivar ke mahaul ko dekhate hue yah prakritik taur par svabhavik tha ki ve apane pitaji ke. ke. mukharji ke padachinhon par chalate. tatkalin kalakatta vishvavidyalay se snbndhit soori vidyasagar kaaulej se snatak ki pariksha pas karane ke bad pranab mukharji ne kalakatta yoonivarsiti se hi itihas aur rajaniti vigyan men snatakottar (em.e.) ki padhaee snpann ki. kolakata vishvavidyalay se qanoon ki upadhi (laau) ki shiksha ke bad pashchim bngal ke birabhoom zile ke ek kaaulej men pradhyapak (prophesar) ki naukari shuroo ki.

arnbhik jivan

kairiyar ke shuruati dinon men pranab mukharji lnbe samay tak pahale shikshak aur ek vakil ke taur par kam kiya. pranab ne apana kariyar kolakata men dipti akauntent janaral ke karyalay men klark ke roop men shuroo kiya. isake bad unhonne patrakar ke roop men apane kairiyar ko age badhaya. unhonne jane-mane bangla prakashan snsthan desher dak matribhoomi ki pukar ke lie kam kiya. isake bad vah bngiy sahity parishad ke trasti bane. bad men nikhil bharat bng sahity sammelan ke adhyaksh bhi bane. yoonivarsiti aauph vaaulvarahaimpatan ne pranab mukharji ko di.lit ki upadhi bhi pradan ki hai.

vyaktitv

pranab mukharji snjida vyaktitv vale neta hain. parti ke varishthatam neta hone ke karan vah rajaniti ki bhi achchhi samajh rakhate hain. bngali parivar se hone ke karan unhen rabindr sngit men atyadhik ruchi hai. pranab mukharji ko pashchim bngal ke any nivasiyon ki tarah hi man durga ka upasak bhi mana jata hai aur durga pooja ke dauran ve mata ki upasana bhi karate hain. pranab da mridubhashi, gnbhir aur kam bolane vale hai. pranab ko bagavani, kitaben padhana aur sngit pasnd hai. pranab ka pasndida khana hai phish kari. vah mngalavar ko chhodakar qarib-qarib roz hi phish kari khate hain. ve roj subah jaldi uthate hain. pooja ke bad vah apane kam par lag jate hain. din men ek ghnta sote bhi hain. rat ko sone se pahale ve padhate hain. pranab da roj 18 ghnte kam karate hain. unhen padhane, gardaning v sngit sunane ka bhi shauq hai. sukant bhattachary ka likha aur hemnta mukharji ka gaya 'abak prithbi' unaka pasndida git hai. isake alava ravindr sngit bhi vo kafi pasnd karate hain. isake alava pranab da chakalet khana khoob pasnd karate hain. chacha chaudhari ki kaaumiks ke phain rahe hain.

rajanitik parichay

pranab mukharji ke pita kamada mukharji ek lokapriy aur sakriy kangresi neta the. vah varsh 1952 se 1964 tak bngal vidhanasabha ke sadasy rahe the. pita ka rajaniti se snbndh hone ke karan pranab mukharji ka rajaniti men agaman sahaj aur svabhavik tha. pranab mukharji ke rajanitik jivan ki shuruat varsh 1969 men ki, jab vah pahali bar rajy sabha se chunakar snsad men ae the. tatkalin pradhanamntri, indira gandhi ne inaki yogyata se prabhavit hokar matr 35 varsh ki avastha men, 1969 men kangres parti ki or se rajy sabha ka sadasy bana diya. usake bad ve, 1975, 1981, 1993 aur 1999 men rajyasabha ke lie phir se nirvachit hue.

kaibinet mntri

usake bad ve 3 sal ke andar hi varsh 1973 men kendr sarakar men pranab mukharji ne kaibinet mntri rahate hue audyogik vikas (indastriyal devalapament) mntralay men up-mntri ka padabhar snbhala. pranab mukharji san 1974 men kendr sarakar men vitt rajy mntri bane. pranab varsh 1982 se 1984 tak kee kaibinet padon ke lie chune jate rahe. isake bad varsh 1984 men vah pahali bar bharat ke vitt mntri bane. pranab mukharji ne san 1982-83 ke lie pahala bajat sadan men pesh kiya. vah 7 bar kaibinet mntri rahe. jisamen 2 bar vanijy mntri, 2 bar videsh mntri aur ek bar raksha mntri jaise mahattvapoorn kaibinet pad shamil hain. 1982-84 men jab ve bharat ke vitt mntri the to yooromani maigajin ne unaka moolyankan vishv ke sabase achchhe vitt mntri ke taur par kiya tha.

kangres se alag parti ka gathan

indira gandhi ki hatya ke pashchat, rajiv gandhi sarakar ki kaibinet men pranab mukharji ko shamil nahin kiya gaya. is bich pranab mukharji ne 1986 men apani alag rashtriy samajavadi kangres (rashtriy kangres samajavadi dal) ka gathan kiya. lekin jald hi varsh 1989 men rajiv gandhi se vivad ka nipatara hone ke bad pranab mukharji ne apani parti ko rashtriy kangres men mila diya. poorv pradhanamntri pi.vi. narasinh rav unhen parti men dobara lekar aye the. pranab mukharji kangres parti ke sarvochch nikay (CWC) kary samiti ke 1978 men sadasy bane. varsh 1985 tak pranab mukharji pashchim bngal kangres samiti ke adhyaksh bhi rahe, lekin kam ka bojh badh jane ke karan unhonne is pad se tyagapatr de diya tha.

lokasabha sansad

pranab mukharji pahali bar vah lokasabha ke lie pashchim bngal ke jngipur nirvachan kshetr se 13 mee 2004 ko chune ge the aur isi kshetr se dubara 2009 men bhi lokasabha ke lie chune ge. itane salon tak, rajyasabha ke sadasy ke taur par rajaniti karane ke bad, pranab mukharji pahali bar lokasabha ke ummidavar ke taur par khade hue aur, pashchim bngal men kangres pratyashi ki or se sabase adhik 1, 28,252 maton se jitane vale sadasy rahe.

lokasabha men sadan ke neta

mahamahim ke sath sarvoday ashram tadiyanva ki adhyaksha urmila bahan

2004 men kangres parti ke dobara se satta men ane ke bad se ve phir se mntrimndal men varishth sadasy ke taur par shamil hue. san 2004 men jab kangres ne gathabndhan sarakar ke agua ke roop men sarakar banaee to kangres ke pradhanamntri manamohan sinh sirph ek rajyasabha sansad hi the. isalie pranab mukharji ko lokasabha men sadan ka neta banaya gaya. mukharji ki amogh nishtha aur yogyata ne unhen soniya gandhi aur manamohan sinh ke qarib laya. is vajah se jab 2004 men parti satta men aee to unhen bharat ke raksha mntri ke pratishthit pad par pahunchane men madad mili. 24 aktoobar 2006 ko unhen bharat ka videsh mntri niyukt kiya gaya. raksha mntralay men unaki jagah e.ke. entani ne li, jo kangres ke ek varishth neta aur dakshini rachy keral ke bhootapoorv mukhyamntri rah chuke the. vah yoopie ki sarakar men 24 janavari 2009 se vitt mntralay ka padabhar snbhal rahe the.

rajanitik saphar

  • sadasy, kangres varking kameti (bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki sabase uchch snstha, jo parti ke lie nitiyan nirdharit karati hain) ke sadasy 27 janavari 1978 se 18 janavari 1986 aur phir 10 agast, 1997 se aj tak.
  • 1985 men pashchim bngal pradesh kangres kameti ke president aur phir, agast 2000 se aj tak.
  • akhil bharatiy kangres kameti ke kendriy samiti ke sadasy 1978 se 1986 tak.
  • koshadhyaksh, akhil bharatiy kangres samiti, 1978-1979
  • koshadhyaksh, kangres (aee) parti in parliyament 1978-79
  • akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke arthik salahakar ke cheyaramain- 1987-1989
  • 1984, 1991, 1996 aur 1998 men akhil bharatiy kangres kamiti (jo snsad ke lie rashtriy star par chunavon ka snchalan karati hai,) kainpen kameti ke cheyaramain.
  • 1998 se 1999 tak akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke mahasachiv.
  • 28 joon, 1999 se akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke kendriy chunav samanvay samiti ke cheyaramain.
  • pashchim bngal pradesh kangres samiti ke adhyaksh ke taur par 12 disnbar, 2001 se ab tak akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke kendriy chunav samiti ke sadasy.
  • 25 julaee, 2012 se bharat ke 13ven rashtrapati ke roop men rashtrapati pad sambhala aur 25 julaee, 2017 ko is pad se sevanivritt hue.

upalabdhiyan aur yogadan

  • pranab mukharji ko kee pratishthit aur haee prophail mntralay snbhalane jaisi vishishtata prapt hai. unhonne raksha mntralay, vitt mntralay, videsh vishayak mntralay, shiping, rajasv, nauvahan, yatayat, snchar, vanijy aur udyog, arthik mamale jaise lagabhag sabhi mahattvapoorn mntralayon men apani sevaen di hain.
  • vah kangres snsadiy dal aur kangres vidhayak dal ke neta bhi rah chuke hai. sath-sath vah lokasabha men sadan ke neta, bngal pradesh kangres parti ke adhyaksh, kangres ke netritv vali sarakar ke pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ki mntriparishad men kendriy vitt mntri rah chuke hai.
  • lokasabha chunavon se pahale jab pradhanamntri ne baee-pas sarjari karaee, pranab, videsh mntralay men kendriy mntri hone ke bavajood rajanitik mamalon ki kaibinet samiti ke adhyaksh aur vitt mntralay men kendriy mntri ka atirikt prabhar lekar mntrimndal ke snchalan men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee.
  • pichhale kee salon tak vah kangres ke mistar bharosemnd rahe hain. bharatiy rajaniti, arthik mamalon v nitigat muddon ki gahari samajh rakhane vale pranab ko pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ki kebinet men sabase anubhavi mana jata hai. pranab ko snpoorn rajanitigy mana jata hai.
  • 10 aktoobar 2008 ko pranab mukharji aur ameriki videsh sachiv kondolija rais ne dhara 123 samajhaute par hastakshar kie.
  • pranab mukharji antararashtriy mudra kosh ke vishv baink (intaraneshan maaunitari phnd), eshiyaee vikas baink (eshiyan devalapament baink) aur aphriki vikas baink (aphrikan devalapament baink) ke antararashtriy mudra kosh (aeeemeph) ke gavarnaron se ek rah chuke hain.
  • rajiv gandhi ki mrityu ke pashchath jab soniya gandhi ne rajaniti men ane ka nirnay liya tab pranab mukharji ne unake salahakar aur margadarshak ke roop men bhi apani sevaen di. kangres ke lie apani pratibaddhata darshane ke bad hi soniya gandhi aur pradhanamntri manamohan sinh dvara pranab mukharji ko varsh 2004 men raksha mntralay saunpa gaya.
  • varsh 2005 men petent snshodhan adhiniyam ke dauran jab yoopie sansadon ke bhitar manamutav paida ho gaya, jisaki vajah se koee ray nahin ban pa rahi the, aise samay men pranab mukharji ne apani soojhaboojh aur kushal rananiti ka parichay dekar, jyoti basu sahit kee purane gathabndhanon ko manakar madhyasthata ke kuchh naye bindu tay kiye, jisamen utpad petent ke alava aur kuchh aur baten shamil thin. tab unhen, vanichy mntri kamal nath sahit apane sahayogiyon yah kahakar manana pada ki koee qanoon nahin rahane se behatar hai ek apoorn qanoon banana. ant men 23 march 2005 ko bil ko mnjoori de di gee.
  • manamohan sarakar ke doosare karyakal men pranab mukharji ko dobara vitt-mntralay ka karyabhar pradan kiya gaya.
  • mukharji ki vartaman virasat men ameriki sarakar ke sath asainik paramanu samajhaute par bharat-amerika ke saphalatapoorvak hastakshar aur paramanu aprasar sndhi par dastakhat nahin hone ke bavajood asainy paramanu vyapar men bhag lene ke lie paramanu apoortikarta samooh ke sath hua hastakshar shamil hai.
  • san 2007 men unhen bharat ke doosare sabase bade nagarik samman padm vibhooshan se navaja gaya.
  • unhonne rashtriy gramin rozagar garnti adhiniyam, ladakiyon ki saksharata aur svasthy jaise samajik kshetr ki yojanaon ke lie aur dhan ka pravadhan kiya. isake alava unhonne rashtriy rajamarg vikas karyakram, bijalikaran ka vistar aur javahar lal neharoo rashtriy shahari navikaran mishan ki tarah buniyadi suvidhaon vale karyakramon ka bhi vistar kiya. halanki, kee logon ne 1991 ke bad se sabase adhik badh rahe rajakoshiy ghate ke bare men chinta vyakt ki. shri mukharji ne kaha ki sarakari kharch men vistar keval asthayi hai aur sarakar vittiy dooradarshita ke siddhant ke prati pratibaddh hai.

samman aur puraskar

  • 1984 : duniya ke shirsh panch vittamntriyon ki soochi men sthan diya gaya
  • 1997 : sarvashreshth sansad ke samman se sammanit
  • 2008 : padmavibhooshan samman
  • 2019 : bharat ratn samman

pranab mukharji se jude vivad

  • apatakal ke dauran pranab mukharji, indira gandhi sarakar men kaibinet mntri rah chuke hain. isi dauran un par kee galat vyaktigat nirnay lene jaise gnbhir arop lage. pranab mukharji ke khilaf pulis kes bhi darj kiya gaya, lekin indira gandhi ke vapas satta men ate hi vah kes kharij ho gaya.
  • videsh mntri rahate hue, vivadit bangladeshi lekhika taslima nasarin ko ghar men najarabnd rakh suraksha pradan karane ke pranab mukharji ke nirnay par lagabhag sabhi musalaman samudayon ne apatti uthaee aur pranab mukharji ke khilaf pradarshan kie. parinamasvaroop taslima nasarin ko 2008 men bharat se bahar jana pada.
  • pranab mukharji par yah bhi arop lage ki unhonne niji bainkon ko gujarat men nivesh na karane ki dhamaki di hai kyonki vahan bharatiy janata parti ki sarakar hai.

pranab mukharji ke jivan se judi rochak baten

nnbar 13 se ajab rishta

pranab mukharji ka 13 se anokha nata raha hai. ve 13 ven rashtrapati banane ke lie maidan men utare. 13 nnbar ka bngala hai dilli men. 13 tarikh ko ati hai shadi ki salagirah. itana hi nahin 13 joon, 2012 ko hi mamata ne pranab ka nam uchhala tha.

'tum isi laiph men banoge rashtrapati'

jab 1969 men pranab rajyasabha ke sadasy bane to unaka adhikarik ghar rashtrapati snpada ke pas hi tha. rashtrapati bhavan ke thath ko pranab khoob nihara karate the. ek din unhonne rashtrapati ki ghode vali baggi ko dekhakar apani bahan annapoorna banarji se kaha ki is alishan rashtrapati bhavan ka annd uthane ke lie vo agale janm men ghoda banana pasnd karenge. lekin tab unaki bahan ne unhen kaha tha - 'isake lie tumhen agale janm tak rukana nahin padega balki isi janm men tumhen isamen rahane ka mauka milega.'

bachapan se hi the jiddi

pranab mukharji ke jo tevar aj dikhate hain vahi tevar aj bachapan men bhi dikhate the. apani jidd ke chalate unhonne prarnbhik shiksha ke dauran dabal promoshan paya. darasal doosari kaksha men unhonne apane parivar valon se mirati ganv ke skool jane se inkar kar diya. vah kiranahar sthit skool men pravesh pana chahate the. kiranahar sthit skool panchavi kaksha se tha. aise men pranab ne kiranahar ke skool men sidhe panchavin kaksha men pravesh pane ke test diya aur use pas bhi karake dikhaya.

virabhoom se do deshon ke rashtrapati

pranab ke rashtrapati banane par virabhoom ka nam aise zilon men shumar ho jaega jahan se do deshon ke rashtrapati snbndh rakhate hain. pranab se pahale isi zile men janme abdul sattar (dakar ganv men janme) 1981 se 1982 tak bangladesh ke rashtrapati rahe. asal men vah vibhajan ke bad dhaka chale ge the.

pratyashi rahate hue vot

daau. phakharooddin ali ahamad aur gyani jail sinh ke bad vah tisare vyakti hain jinhonne rashtrapati ke pratyashi rahate hue vot dala.[1]



bharat ke rashtrapati
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
pratibha patil
pranab mukharji uttaradhikari
ramanath kovind
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pranab ke lie door nahin rayasina hils (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 sitambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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