नंदलाल बोस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nndalal bos
nndalal bos
poora nam nndalal bos
janm 3 disambar, 1882
janm bhoomi munger zila, bihar
mrityu 16 aprail, 1966
mrityu sthan kolakata, pashchim bngal
abhibhavak poornachndr bos
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chitrakar
puraskar-upadhi padm vibhooshan
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari inake prasiddh chitron men hai--'dandi march', 'snthali kanya', 'sati ka deh tyag' ityadi hai.

nndalal bos ya nndalal basu (angrezi: Nandalal Bose, janm: 3 disambar, 1882; mrityu: 16 aprail, 1966) bharat ke ek prasiddh chitrakar the. nndalal bos ne snvidhan ki mool prati ka dijain banaya tha. inake prasiddh chitron men hai--'dandi march', 'snthali kanya', 'sati ka deh tyag' ityadi hai. nndalal bos ne chitrakaron aur kala adhyapan ke atirikt inhonne tin pustikaen bhi likhin-roopavali, shilpakala aur shilp charcha. ye avanindranath thakur ke prakhyat shishy the.

jivan parichay

prasiddh chitrakar nndalal bos ka janm 3 disambar 1882 ee. men munger zila, bihar men hua tha. unake pita poornachndr bos aaurkitekt tatha maharaja darabhnga ki riyasat ke mainejar the. shiksha prapt karane ke lie unhen anek vidyalayon men bharti karaya gaya, par ve padhaee men man n lagane ke karan sada asaphal hote.
yamaraj aur nachiketa
chitrakar- nndalal bos
unaki ruchi arnbh se hi chitrakala ki or thi. unhen yah prerana apani man kshetramani devi se mitti ke khilaune adi banate dekhakar mili. ant men nndalal ko kala vidyalay men bharti karaya gaya. is prakar 5 varsh tak unhonne chitrakala ki vidhivat shiksha li. unhonne 1905 se 1910 ke bich kalakatta gavarnament kaaulej aauf art men abanindnanath thakur se kala ki shiksha li, indiyan skool aauf oriyntal art men adhyapan kiya aur 1922 se 1951 tak shantiniketan ke kalabhavan ke pradhanadhyapak rahe.

pratham guru kumbhakar

bihar men prathamik shiksha grahan karane ke bad 15 sal ki ayu men nndalal uchch shiksha ke lie bngal ge. us samay bihar, bngal se alag nahin tha. kala ke prati balasulabh man ka kautuk unhen janmabhoomi par hi paida hua. yahan ke kumbhakar hi unake pahale guru the. bad men ve bngal skool ke chhatr bane aur phir shantiniketan men kala bhavan ke adhyaksh. svatntrata andolan men bhi inhonne khoob hissa liya. gandhiji aur subhash chndr bos, javaharalal neharoo ke atynt priy the. yah bihar ki mati se unaki babastagi thi ki kala jagath ke akash men daidipyaman nakshatr jaisi oonchaee pane ke bad, apane vyastatam jivanacharya ke bavajood ve bar-bar apani janmabhoomi ko dekhane ate rahe. chhatron ke sath rajagir aur bhimabadh ki pahadiyon men har sal ve do-tin bar eksakarsan ke lie aya karate the. rajy sarakar ke star par inaki smriti ko snrakshit karane ka koee prayas aj tak nahin hua.[1]

bharatiy snvidhan ki mool prati ka chitran

nndalal bos ko bharatiy snvidhan ki mool prati ko apani chitron se sajane ka mauka mila. nndalal bos ki mulakat pn. neharoo se shanti niketan men huee aur vahin neharoo ji ne nndalal ko is bat ka amntran diya ki ve bharatiy snvidhan ki mool prati ko apani chitrakari se sajaen. 221 pej ke is dastavej ke har pannon par to chitr banana snbhav nahin tha. lihaja, nndalal ji ne snvidhan ke har bhag ki shuruat men 8-13 inch ke chitr banae. snvidhan men kul 22 bhag hain. is tarah unhen bharatiy snvidhan ki is mool prati ko apane 22 chitron se sajane ka mauka mila. in 22 chitron ko banane men char sal lage. is kam ke lie unhen 21,000 mehanatana diya gaya. nndalal bos ke banae in chitron ka bharatiy snvidhan ya usake nirman prakriya se koee talluk nahin hai. vastav men ye chitr bharatiy itihas ki vikas yatra hain. sunahare bardar aur lal-pile rng ki adhikata lie hue in chitron ki shuruat hoti hai bharat ke rashtriy pratik ashok ki lat se. agale bhag men bharatiy snvidhan ki prastavana hai, jise sunahare bardar se ghera gaya hai, jisamen ghoda, sher, hathi aur bail ke chitr bane hain. ye vahi chitr hain, jo hamen samanyat: mohan jodado ki sabhyata ke adhyayan men dikhaee dete hain. bharatiy snskriti men shatadal kamal ka mahatv raha hai, isalie is bardar men shatadal kamal ko bhi nndalal ne jagah di hai. in phoolon ko samakalin lipi men likhe hue aksharon ke ghere men rakha gaya hai. agale bhag men mohan jodado ki sil dikhaee gee hai. vastav men bharatiy sabhyata ki pahachan men is sil ka bada hi mahatv hai. shayad yahi karan hai ki hamari sabhyata ki is nishani ko shuruat men jagah di gee hai. agale bhag se vaidik kal ki shuruat hoti hai. kisi rishi ke ashram ka chihn hai. madhy men guru baithe hue hain aur unake shishyon ko darshaya gaya hai. bagal men ek ygyshala bani huee hai.[2]

chitrakari par mahatma gandhi ka prabhav

nndalal bos ki drishti unako mahatma gandhi ke bahut nikat laee. kaha jata hai ki mahatma gandhi ke snpark men ane ke bad nndalal basu ki kala men ek naya mod aya. rashtriyata ki bhavana se otaprot basu 'asahayog andolan', 'namak-kar virodh andolan' adi men sakriy bhoomika men the. azadi ki ladaee ke dauran parnparik aur rashtriy avadharanaon ke mel se jo adhunik avadharanaen snkalpit huee thin, unaka prabhav tatkalin kalakaron ki kala men a raha tha. hashie par rakh chhodi gee striyon ki kshamata aur shakti ko gandhi ji ne pahachana aur azadi ki ladaee men usaka sadupayog kiya. nndalal bos ke haripura kangres adhiveshan men banae ek vishesh postar shrnkhala men aurat ki adhyatmik shaktiyan chitrit hueen thin. nnd lal bos ki kala ki sari prerana bharatiy snvedana ki pratik thi. 1936 men mahatma gandhi apane vicharon ko phalitarth dekhana chahate the. isalie akhil bharatiy kangres ke adhiveshan men gramin kala aur krapht ki ek kala pradarshani lagavaee gee thi. parikalpana gandhi ki thi aur nndalal bos ne use sakar kiya tha. mahatma gandhi ne us adhiveshan ke pahale nndalal bos ko sevagram men bulavaya aur apana drishtikon samajhaya. haripura kangres adhiveshan men bhi isi prakar ki pradarshani ki rachana huee thin. donon hi jagahon par gandhivadi kala drishti abhivyakt huee. durbhagyapoorn bat yah hai ki un pradarshaniyon ki koee nishani bachi nahin hai.[3]

prasiddh chitrakari

shiva drinking di valdrs paauyajan
bhagavan shiv zahar pite hue
chitrakar- nndalal bos

yah penting 1933 men banaee gee thi. isaki ek penting naishanal gailari aauph maaudarn art aur doosari osiyan arkaiv aind laibreri kalekshan men sngrah ke roop men rakhi huee hai. isamen koee shak nahin nndalal bos desh ke pahale aur sachche navayug pentar the. isake banane ka madhyam lain vaaush aur vaautar kalar tha. jo ab rashtriy adhunik kala sngrah men surakshit hai. unake nam se aj bhi adhikansh log achchhi tarah vakiph hain. inhonne apani chitrakari ke madhyam se adhunik andolanon ke vibhinn svaroopon, simaon aur shailiyon ko ukera, jise shantiniketan men bade paimane par rakha gaya. nissndeh nndalal bos ki chitrakari men ek ajib sa jadoo tha jo kisi ko bhi barabas apani or akarshit kar leta tha. unaki chitrakari men khoobasoorati ki ek amit chhap dikhaee padati thi. bos ki penting takanik bhi kamal ki thi jisaka koee javab nahin hai. nndalal ki penting ka eshiya men bahut prabhav tha. halanki unaki chitrakari ko pashchim men bhi kafi tavajjo mila hai.[4]

prasiddhi

nndalal ka snpark ravindranath thakur, annd kumar svami, bhagini nivedita adi se hua. unake chitron ki prashnsa hone lagi aur chitrakar ke roop men unaki khyati badhati gee. pahale ve pauranik vishayon aur nar-nari ke chitr adhik banate the. ab ravi baboo ki kavitaon ke adhar par jivan ki samasyaon se snbndhit chitr banane lage. ajnta ke chitron ki pratikriti banana unake jivan ki ek badi saphalata thi. ab unake chitron ki prashnsa bharat hi nahin videshon men bhi hone lagi. rashtriy svadhinata andolan ka bhi unaki kala par prabhav pada. unhonne kangres adhiveshanon ke painal banae aur mahatma gandhi ka laiph saij rekhachitr banaya, jo bahut prasiddh hua.

samman

unhen vishvabharati ne ‘deshottam’ ki anek vishvavidyalayon ne di. lith. ki upadhi se sammanit kiya. 1954 men bharat sarakar dvara ‘padmavibhooshan’ se sammanit kie ge.

nidhan

nndalal bos ka 16 aprail, 1966 men dehant ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. duniyan dekhegi bihari kalakaron ki kriti (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 3 disambar, 2012.
  2. nndalal bos (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) brand bihar daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 3 disambar, 2012.
  3. kala men azadi ke sapane (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 3 disambar, 2012.
  4. bharatiy kalakritiyon ka avismaraniy sngrah (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bizanes staindard. abhigaman tithi: 3 disambar, 2012.

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