एस. एच. रज़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

es. ech. raza
es. ech. raza
poora nam saiyad haidar raza
janm 22 faravari, 1922
janm bhoomi zila mndala, madhy pradesh, bharat
mrityu 23 julaee, 2016
abhibhavak pita- saiyad mohammad razi, mata- tahira begam
pati/patni jenain mongillet
karm bhoomi bharat tatha frans
vidyalay 'nagapur kala vidyalay', 'sar je. je. skool aauf art' (mumbee), ‘ikol neshanal superiyar de byoo arts’ (peris),
puraskar-upadhi 'padm shri' (1981), 'kalidas samman' (1981), ' padm bhooshan' (2007), ‘priks de la kritik’ adi.
prasiddhi chitrakar
vishesh joon, 2010 men es. ech. raza ki ek penting 16.42 karod men biki thi, jo khasi charcha men rahi.
any janakari es. ech. raza ne bharatiy yuvaon ko kala men protsahan dene ke lie bharat men ‘raza phaundeshan’ ki sthapana bhi ki, jo yuva kalakaron ko varshik 'raza phaundeshan puraskar' pradan karata hai.

es. ech. raza (poora nam- saiyad haidar raza, angrezi: Syed Haider Raza, janm- 22 faravari, 1922, madhy pradesh; mrityu- 23 julaee, 2016) pratishthit chitrakar the. unake pramukh chitr adhikatar tel ya ekrelik men bane paridrishy hain, jinamen rngon ka atyadhik prayog kiya gaya hai tatha jo bharatiy brahmand vigyan ke sath-sath isake darshan ke chihnon se bhi paripoorn hain. es. ech. raza san 1950 ke bad se frans men rahane lage the, lekin bharat aur yahan ki snskriti ke sath ve hamesha majabooti se jude rahe. joon, 2010 men unaki ek penting 16.42 karod men biki thi, jo khasi charcha men rahi. karib chhah dashak ka vakt frans men gujarane ke bad bhi bharatiy snskriti ko dil men sahejakar rakhane vale varishth chitrakar saiyad haidar raza ka kahana tha ki- "unhen bharatiy snskriti ki vividhata se chitr banane ki prerana milati hai".

janm

es. ech. raza ka janm 22 faravari, san 1922 ko madhy pradesh ke mndala zile ke babariya namak sthan par hua tha. unake pita ka nam saiyad mohammad razi aur mata ka nam tahira begam tha. saiyad mohammad razi zile ke up van adhikari the. isi sthan par saiyyad ne apane jivan ke prarnbhik varsh guzare v 12 varsh ki ayu men chitrakala sikhi.[1]

shiksha

terah varsh ki ayu men es. ech. raza ko damoh bhej diya gaya tha, jahan unhonne 'rajakiy uchch vidyalay' se apani skooli shiksha prapt ki. haee skool ki padhaee ke bad unhonne 'nagapur kala vidyalay' men dakhila liya, jahan unhonne 1939-1943 ke madhy adhyayan kiya aur usake bad munbee ke prasiddh 'sar je. je. skool aauf art' men dakhila liya; jahan unhonne san 1943 se 1947 tak shiksha grahan ki. isake uparant unhen san 1950 men frans sarakar se chhatravriti prapt ho gayi, jisake bad aktoobar 1950 men ve peris ke vishv prasiddh ‘ikol neshanal superiyar de byoo arts’ se shiksha grahan karane ke lie frans chale ge. unhonne yahan 1950-1953 ke madhy padhaee ki aur usake bad poore yoorop ki yatra ki. shiksha samapti ke bad ve peris men rahakar kam karane lage aur apane chitron ka pradarshan jari rakha. san 1956 men unhen peris men ‘priks de la kritik’ puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya, jise prapt karane vale vah pahale gair-fransisi kalakar the.

vivah

es.ech. raza ne san 1959 men peris ke ‘ikol de byoo arts’ ki apani sahapathi jenain mongillet se vivah kiya tha. jenain bad men ek prasiddh kalakar aur moortikar ban gee thin. vivah ke uparant jenain ki man ne es. ech. raza se frans men hi rahane ka anurodh kiya, jisake bad ve vahin bas ge. jenain ki mrityu 5 aprail, 2002 ko peris men huee.

kariyar

san 1946 men es. ech. raza ki pahali ekal pradarshani 'baaumbe art sosaiti' men pradarshit huee. sosaiti ne unhen rajat padak se sammanit kiya tha. 1940 ke shuruati daur men paridrishyon tatha shahar ke chitranon se gujarate hue unaki chitrakari ka jhukav chitrakala ki adhik arthapoorn bhasha, mastishk ke chitran ki or ho gaya. varsh 1947 men unhonne ke. ech. ara tatha ef. en. sooza ke sath ‘baaumbe progresiv artist grup’ ki sthapana ki. is grup ka mukhy makasad tha- 'bharatiy kala ko yooropiy yatharthavad ke prabhavon se mukti aur isamen bharatiy antar drishti (antar gyan) ka samavesh'. 'baaumbe progresiv artist grup’ ne apani pahali pradarshani san 1948 men ayojit ki.

es. ech. raza ne frans men vrihadh paridrishyon ke chitran tatha antatah isamen bharatiy hastalipiyon ke tantrik tatvon ko sammilit kar pashchimi adhunikata ki dhara ke sath prayog jari rakha. jis samay unake samakalin chitrakar apani kala ke lie adhik aupacharik vishay chun rahe the, us samay raza ne 1940 aur 50 ke dashakon ke paridrishyon ke chitran par dhyan kendrit karane ka phaisala kiya. san 1962 men unhonne amerika ke kailiphorniya vishvavidyalay (barkale) men anshakalik vyakhyata ka pad svikar kiya. prarnbh men frans ke gramin ilakon aur usake gramy jivan ne raza ko bahut akrisht kiya. 1970 ke dashak men unake jivan men aisa samay aya, jab raza apane kam se nakhush aur bechain hone lage. ve apani kala men ek nee disha aur gahari pramanikata pana chahate the. isake bad unhonne bharat ka daura kiya, jahan unhen apani jadon ka ehasas hua tatha bharatiy snskriti ko nikatata se janane ka avasar mila, jo unaki kala men ‘bindu’ ke roop men ubharakar samane aya. ‘bindu’ ka uday 1980 men hua aur yah unake kala ko aur adhik gaharaee men le gaya.

'raza phaundeshan' ki sthapana

san 2000 ke as-pas unaki kala ne ek nee karavat li, jab unhonne bharatiy adhyatm par apane vicharon ko vyakt karana shuroo kiya. isaka parinam tha kundalini, nag aur mahabharat ke vishayon par adharit chitr. es. ech. raza ne bharatiy yuvaon ko kala men protsahan dene ke lie bharat men ‘raza phaundeshan’ ki sthapana bhi ki, jo yuva kalakaron ko varshik 'raza phaundeshan puraskar' pradan karata hai.

puraskar aur samman

  1. 1946 - rajat padak, baaumbe art sosaiti, munbee
  2. 1948 - svarn padak, baaumbe art sosayati, munbee
  3. 1956 - priks de la kritik, peris
  4. 1981 - padm shri, bharat sarakar
  5. 1981 - 'lalit kala akadami' ki manad sadasyata, nee dilli
  6. 1981 - kalidas samman, madhy pradesh sarakar
  7. 2007 - padm bhooshan, bharat sarakar

nidhan

apani bejod chitrakari se ek khas pahachan banane vale es. ech. raza ka nidhan 23 julaee, 2016 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. es. ech. raza (hindi) Culturalindia Hindi. abhigaman tithi: 23 julaee, 2016.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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