मक़बूल फ़िदा हुसैन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maqabool fida husain
maqabool fida husain
poora nam maqabool fida husain
prasiddh nam em.ef. husain
janm 17 sitnbar, 1915
janm bhoomi mumbee
mrityu 9 joon 2011
mrityu sthan lndan (inglaind)
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr chitrakar, filmakar
mukhy filmen 'throo d aiz aauf a pentar', 'minakshi', 'gajagamini' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (1955), 'padmabhooshan' (1973), 'padm vibhooshan' (1991).
prasiddhi chitrakar
vishesh yogadan unhonne ramayan, gita, mahabharat adi grnthon men ullikhit sookshm pahaluon ko apane chitron ke madhyam se jivnt banaya hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari unaki film 'throo d aiz aauf a pentar' 1966 men phrans ke film samaroh men puraskrit ho chuki hai.
bahari kadiyan maqabool fida husain

maqabool fida husain (angrezi: Maqbool Fida Husain, janm: 17 sitnbar 1915; mrityu: 9 joon 2011) maharashtr ke prasiddh chitrakar jinaka poora jivan chitrakala ko samarpit tha aur jinhen pragatishali chitrakar mana jata hai. maqabool fida husain ko kala ke kshetr men bharat sarakar dvara san 1991 men bharat ke doosare sarvochch nagarik puraskar padm vibhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

maqabool fida husain ka janm 17 sitambar, 1915 ko hua tha. man ke dehant ke bad maqabool fida husain ka parivar indaur chala gaya. maqabool fida husain ne arnmbhik shiksha indaur se hi ki thi. 20 sal ki umr men ve munbee pahunche, jahan je. je. skool aauf arts men unhonne penting ki shiksha li. lnbe samay tak unhonne filmon ke postar bana kar apana jivan gujara.

arambhik jivan

maqabool fida husain ko pahali bar rashtriy star par pahachan 1940 ke dashak ke akhir men mili. varsh 1947 men ve progresiv artist grup men shamil hue. yuva pentar ke roop men maqabool fida husain bngal skool aauf arts ki rashtravadi parnpara ko todakar kuchh naya karana chahate the. 1952 men jyurikh men unaki pahali ekal pradarshani lagi. unaki film 'throo d aiz aauf a pentar' 1966 men phrans ke film samaroh men puraskrit ho chuki hai. unhonne ramayan, gita, mahabharat adi grnthon men ullikhit sookshm pahaluon ko apane chitron ke madhyam se jivnt banaya hai. 1998 men unhonne haidarabad men 'sinemaghar' namak sngrahalay ki sthapana ki.

maqabool fida husain

bharat ke sabase mahnge chitrakar

kristiz aaukshan men unaki ek penting 20 lakh amariki daaular men biki. isake sath hi ve bharat ke sabase mahnge chitrakar ban ge. unaki ek kalakriti kristij ki nilami men 20 lakh daaular men aur 'baital aauph gnga end yamuna- mahabharat 12' varsh 2008 men ek nilami men 16 lakh daaular men biki. yah sauth eshiyan maaudarn end kntempareri art ki bikri men ek naya rikaaurd tha. halanki emef husain apani chitrakari ke lie jane jate rahe kintu chitrakar hone ke sath-sath ve filmakar bhi rahe. minakshi, gajagamini jaisi filmen banaeen. unaka madhuri dikshit prem bhi khasa charcha men raha. shoharat ke sath sath vivadon ne bhi unaka sath kabhi nahin chhoda.[1]

vivadon se nata

jahan forbs patrika ne unhen "bharat ka pikaso" ghoshit kiya, vahin varsh 1996 men hindoo devi-devataon ki unaki chitrakari ko lekar kafi vivad hua, phalasvaroop kee kattarapnthi sngathanon ne tod.phod kar apani narajagi zahir ki. jab kisi ne unase poochha ki apaki chitrakari ko lekar hamesha vivad hota raha hai, aisa kyon ? unaka javab tha 'ye maaurdan art hai. ise sabako samajhane men der lagati hai. phir lokatntr hai. sabako haq hai. ye to kahin bhi hota hai. har zamane ke andar hua hai. jab bhi nee chiz hoti hai. use samajhane vale kam hote hain.' husain sahab ka ye andaze-bayan jatata hai ki alochanaon se ve kabhi nahin dare. apani bat bhi dhadalle se kahi. bahut kam logon ko pata hai ki jab mugal-e-azam ban rahi thi to nirdeshak ke. asif sahab ne yuddh ke drishy filmane se pahale yuddh aur usake kostyoom vagairah ke skech husain sahab se hi banaye the. jab asiph sahab ne 'lav end gaaud' banaee to asif sahab ne 'svarg' ke skech bhi unhin se banavae. ek aur vivad tab uth khada hua jab janavari 2010 men unhen qatar ne nagarikata dene ki peshakash ki, jise unhonne svikar kar liya tha. hairani ki bat yah hai ki husain sahab ne kala ka kahin se bhi vidhivat prashikshan nahin liya tha. apane kala jivan ki shurooat unhonne munbee men filmon ke hording pent karake ki jisame unhen prati varg phut ke char ya chhah ana milate the. faravari 2006 men husain par hindoo devi-devataon ki nagn tasviron ko lekar logon ki bhavanaen bhadakane ka arop bhi laga aur husain ke khilaf is snbndh men kee mamale chale. is phakkadi chitrakar ne isaki paravah n karate hue apane kam se kam rakha. unhen jan se marane ki dhamakiyan bhi milin. mashahoor abhinetri madhuri dikshit ke bade prashnsak emef husain ne unhen lekar 'gaj gamini' nam ki film bhi banaee. isake alava unhonne tabboo ke sath ek film 'minakshi- a tel aauf thri sitiz banaee. husain ne abhinetri amrita rav ki bhi kee tasviren banaeen. vivad hamesha husain ke sath rahe. kuchh samay pahale jab keral sarakar ki or se pratishthit raja ravi varma puraskar unhen diya gaya to mamala kort kachahari tak ja pahuncha.[1]

bharat ke pikaso

gayan ki visheshata, ullas ya avasad ko chitr men vyakt nahin kiya ja sakata, lekin husain ne yah bhi kar dikhaya. ek karyakram men pndit bhimasen joshi jab apane gayan ka hunar dikha rahe the to saikadon logon ki maujoodagi men husain ne unake gayan ke sath kainavas par rngon aur rekhaon se jugalabndi karake sabako hairat men dal diya. munbee men apani kar par chitr banakar usaka pradarshan karana, shadi ke kard, viziting kard aur buk kavar dizain kar dena, farnichar aur khilaune dizain karana, apani penting ko sadiyon par chitrit kar dena, sigaret ki dibbi par tatkal chitr banakar kisi parichit ko bhent kar dena, hotal, restorent ya pan ke khokhe par penting bana dena, bhavy bildingon par myooral bana dena aur yuva kalakaron ki penting kharid lena, ye ve sare kam the, jo husain karate rahate the aur unaki or prashnsa ke phoolon ke sath-sath alochana ke patthar bhi uchhalate rahate the. husain kala sirph kala ke lie vali avadharana ko nahin manate the. unaka kahana tha, zaroori nahin ki kalakar kisi mudde par andolan karane ke lie sadakon par utare, lekin samaj ke prati usaki zimmedari aur javabadehi to hoti hi hai. sath hi vah kala ke lie khas mahaul jaisi chiz avadharana ko bhi nahin svikar karate the. unake mutabiq, agar kisi bhi tarah ki suvidha nahin hai to koyale se divar ya zamin par bhi chitr banaya ja sakata hai. bisavin shatabdi men duniya men pikaso ke bad sabase charchit kalakar husain hi rahe.

bahuayami kalakar

apane chhah bachchon men se unhonne kisi ko bhi kalakar banane ke lie prerit nahin kiya. unake bade bete shamashad ne jab kala men ruchi dikhaee to unhonne kaha ki poore desh men ghoomon aur har madhyam se chitr banane ka abhyas karo. agar kam men dam hua to logon men tumhari pahachan zaroor banegi isi tarah chhote bete uvais ke chitrakar banane par n to unhonne apatti ki aur n apani or se uvais ko kala jagath men sthapit karane ki koshish ki. chitrakari ne husain ki pahachan banaee, lekin husain ko chitrakari se bhi zyada dilachaspi filmon men rahi. 1967 men unaki banaee ek prayogatmak film 'throo d aiz aauf a pentar' ne unhen antararashtriy shoharat dilavaee. isake bad husain ne kuchh dakyoomentri filmen bhi banaeen. phir husain ne madhuri dikshit ko lekar gajagamini banaee. tabboo aur kunal kapoor starar minakshi unaki antim film thi. chitrakari aur sinema ke alava husain ki dilachaspi kavita men bhi thi. unhonne angrezi aur urdoo men kavitaen to likhi hin, urdoo shayaron ke hazaron sher husain ko yad the. galib, josh malihabadi aur mohammad iqabal ke kee sher husain ki penting ka hissa bhi bane.[2]

khushamijaz vyaktittv

mashahoor bharatiy chitrakar aparna kaur kahati hain ki vo desh ke bahar rahane ke lie majaboor hote hue bhi hamesha muskarate rahate. aparna kaur ke anusar, desh ke bahar rahane ke bavajood vo hamesha prasannachit rahate hain. main janati hoon ki vo is desh se, isaki snskriti se behad pyar karate hain aur isalie is desh aur snskriti se door rahana unhen dukhi kar raha hoga lekin vo ye du:kh kabhi apane chehare par nahin ane dete. aparna kaur ka kahana tha ki husain zindagi ko akhir tak josh ke sath jina chahate the. vo kahatin hain ki unake sath kuchh sanpradayik soch vale logon ka vyavahar vakee gairazaruri hai. aparna ne bachapan se hi husain aur ek any prasiddh bharatiy chitrakar amrita sheragil ke kam se prerana li hai. ke. bikramajit sinh prasiddh bharatiy daaukyoomaintri filmakar aur alochak hain jinhonne emef husain par ek pustak bhi likhi hai. apani kitab maqabool fida husain ke bare men bikramajit sinh ka kahana hai, "ye kitab 1947 se 2007 tak husain sahab ke kam par nazar dalati hai. isamen vistar se unaka kala ke prati nazariya hai, jaise unaki ramayan men ruchi vagairah. lekin meri ruchi unake vyaktitv ke bajay unaki kala aur usake vikas men zyada hai." bharatiy chitrakar vir munshi kahate hain ki unhen pent karate dekhana apane ap men ek anubhav hai. vir munshi kahate hain ki husain ek kivadnti hain aur unaki kala ka ayam aur vividhata bejod hai. vir munshi ke anusar, "husain ki kala yatra kafi lnbi rahi hai aur usamen sabhi kuchh hai jisaki ap kalpana kar sakate hain. 94 sal ki umr men unamen jo oorja thi vo dekhate hi banati hai."[3]

samman aur puraskar

maqabool fida husain ko san 1955 men bharat sarakar ne padmashri puraskar se sammanit kiya. 1973 men unhen padmabhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya aur varsh 1986 men unhen rajyasabha men manonit kiya gaya. bharat sarakar ne varsh 1991 men padm vibhooshan se sammanit gaya. husain ko amman sthit raauyal islamik straitejik stadij sentar ne duniya ke sabase prabhavashali 500 muslimon ki soochi men bhi shamil kiya. unhen barlin film samaroh men unaki film 'throo di aeej aauph e pentar' ke lie goldan biyar puraskar se bhi sammanit kiya gay. vah 1971 men sao paolo art baeeniyal men pikaso ke sath vishesh amntrit atithi the.[1]

nidhan

maqabool fida husain ka nidhan 9 joon 2011 ko lndan (inglaind) men hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 husain ko yad karate hue (hindi) nazariya. abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2013.
  2. maqabool fida husain: khatm qissa ho gaya (hindi) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2013.
  3. husain par fida (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2013.

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