दादा साहब फाल्के  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dada sahab phalke
dada sahab phalke
poora nam dhundiraj govind phalke
prasiddh nam dada sahab phalke
janm 30 aprail, 1870
janm bhoomi nasik, maharashtr
mrityu 16 faravari, 1944 (umr- 73)
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr film nirmata-nirdeshak, patakatha lekhak
mukhy filmen 'raja harishchndr', 'lnka dahan', 'shri krishn janm', 'gngavataran', 'mohini bhasmasur' adi.
vidyalay je.je. skool aauf art, mumbee
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari dada sahab phalke ki saunvin jaynti ke avasar par dada sahab phalke puraskar ki sthapana varsh 1969 men ki gee thi.

dada sahab phalke (angrezi: Dada Saheb Phalke, janm: 30 aprail, 1870; mrityu: 16 faravari, 1944) prasiddh film nirmata-nirdeshak evn patakatha lekhak the jo bharatiy sinema ke pitamah ki tarah mane jate hain. dada sahab phalke ki saunvin jaynti ke avasar par dada sahab phalke puraskar ki sthapana varsh 1969 men ki gee thi. dada sahab phalke puraskar bharatiy sinema ka sabase bada puraskar hai, jo ajivan yogadan ke lie bharat ki kendr sarakar ki or se diya jata hai.

jivan parichay

bharatiy film udyog ke pitamah dada sahab phalke ka poora nam 'dhundiraj govind phalke' tha kintu vah dada sahab phalke ke nam se prasiddh hain. dada sahab phalke ka janm 30 aprail, 1870 ko nasik ke nikat 'trynbakeshvar' men hua tha. unake pita snskrit ke prakand pndit aur mumbee ke 'elaphinstan kaaulej' ke adhyapak the. at: inaki shiksha mumbee men hi huee. vahan unhonne 'haee skool' ke bad 'je.je. skool aauf art' men kala ki shiksha grahan ki. phir badauda ke kalabhavan men rahakar apani kala ka gyan badhaya.
dada sahab phalke ke samman men jari dak tikat

karyakshetr

kuchh samay tak bharatiy puratatv sarvekshan vibhag men kam karane ke bad unhonne apana priting pres khola. pres ke lie nee mashinen kharidane ke lie ve jarmani bhi ge. unhonne ek 'masik patrika' ka bhi prakashan kiya. parantu is sabase dada sahab phalke ko santosh nahin hua. sanh 1911 ki bat hai. dada sahab ko mumbee men eesa masih ke jivan par bani ek film dekhane ka mauqa mila. vah mook filmon ka zamana tha. dada sahab ne film ko dekhakar socha ki aisi filmen hamen apane desh ke mahapurushon ke jivan par bhi banani chahie. yahin se unake jivan ki dhara badal gee. arambhik prayog karane ke bad ve lndan ge aur vahan par do mahine rahakar sinema ki takanik samajhi aur film nirman ka saman lekar bharat laute. tatpashchath 1912 men ‘dadar’ (mumbee) men ‘phalke film’ nam se apani film kampani arambh ki.

film nirman

phalke ke jivan men film nirman se juda rachanatmak mod san 1910 ‘laeef af kraeest’ film ko dekhane ke bad aya, unhonne yah film disnbar ke as-pas ‘vatasan’ hotal men dekhi. vah film anubhav se bahut andolit hue aur isake bad us samay ki aur bhi filmon ko dekha. sinema ke bare men adhik janakari hasil karane ke lie atyadhik shodh karane lage. is kram men unhen aram ka kam samay mila, nirntar film dekhane, adhyayan aur khoj se phalke bimar pad ge. kaha jata hai ki bimari ke dauran bhi unhonne apane prayog jari rakhate hue ‘matar ke paudhe’ ke vikas kalakram ka chhayankan kar film bana di. kalantar men in anubhavon ko film nirman men lagaya. film banane ki mool prerana phalke ko ‘kraeest ka jivan’ dekhane mili, film ko dekhakar unake man men vichar aya ki kya bharat men bhi is tarz par film banaee ja sakati hain? film kala ko apana kar unhonne prashn ka thos uttar diya. film us samay moolat: videshi upakram tha aur film banane ke anivary takanik us samay bharat men upalabdh nahin thi, phalke sinema ke zaroori upakaran lane ke lie lndan ge. lndan men unaki mulakat jane-mane nirmata aur ‘baeeskop’ patrika ke sampadak sesil hepavorth se huee, kaha jata hai ki phalke ko film samagri kharidane men isi ne margadarshan kiya.[1]

bharatiy sinema ke pitamah

dhundiraj govind phalke (dada sahab phalke) ne film nirman, nirdeshan, patakatha lekhan adi vividh kshetron men bharatiy sinema ko apana yogadan diya tha. unhen bharatiy sinema ka janak kaha jata hai. dada sahab phalke ne 3 mee 1913 ko bnbee ke 'koroneshan thietar' men 'raja harishchndr' namak apani pahali mook film darshakon ko dikhaee thi. dada sahab phalke ne 1913 men pahali mook film banaee thi. 20 varshon men unhonne kul 95 filmen aur 26 laghu filmen banaee. dada sahab phalke ke film nirman ki khas bat yah hai ki unhonne apani filmen bnbee ke bajay nasik men banaee. varsh 1913 men unaki film 'bhasmasur mohini' men pahali bar mahilaon, durga gokhale aur kamala gokhale, ne mahila kiradar nibhaya. isase pahale purush hi mahila kiradar nibhate the. 1917 tak ve 23 filmen bana chuke the. unaki is saphalata se kuchh vyavasayi is udyog ki or akrisht hue aur dada sahab ki sajhedari men ‘hindustan sinema kampani’ ki sthapana huee. dada sahab ne kul 125 filmon ka nirman kiya. jisamen se tin-chauthaee unhin ki likhi aur nirdeshit thin. dada sahab ki antim mook film 'setubndhan' 1932 thi, jise bad men dab karake avaz di gee. us samay dab karana bhi ek shuruati prayog tha. dada sahab ne jo ekamatr bolati film banaee usaka nam 'gngavataran' hai.

'hindustan film knpani' ki sthapana

raja harishchndr ki kamayabi ke bad phalke ne nasik jane ka nirnay liya. nasik men akar falke ne agali film ‘mohani bhasmasur' aur ‘savitri-satyavan’ ka nirman kiya. 'mohani bhasmasur' men pahali mahila kalakar durga khote aur kamala gokhale ne kam kiya. in filmon ke hit hone se phalke lokapriy hue aur ab se harek film ke 20 print zari hone lage, us samay ki paristhitiyon men yah ek mahanh upalabdhi thi. in filmon men kushal takanik ke rup men ‘speshal ifekt’ arthath vishesh prabhav ka rachanatmak prayog hua. ‘vishesh prabhav’ aur ‘trik fotografi’ ka prayog darshakon ke akarshan ka karan bana, yah krantikari pahal thi. falke tatkalin film upakaranon ko lekar behad sajag rahe aur san 1914 men phir se lndan ge. lndan se lautakar falke ne san 1917 men nasik men ‘hindustan film knpani’ sthapit karate hue anek filmen banaee. apane yadagar safar ke 25 varshon men dada sahab ne raja harishchndr (1913), satyavan savitri (1914), lnka dahan (1917), shri krishn janm (1918), kaliya mardan (1919), kns vadh (1920), shakuntala (1920), snt tukaram (1921) aur bhakt gora (1923) samet 100 se jyada filmen banaee. falke par jarj melis ka spasht prabhav dekha gaya, unamen drishy nirman ki sulajhi huee snvedana ke sath prashnsaniy takaniki gyan bhi tha.[1]

pramukh filmen

film raja harishchndr ka ek drishy
  • raja harishchndr (1913)
  • mohini bhasmasur (1913)
  • savitri satyavan (1914)
  • lnka dahan (1917)
  • shri krishn janm (1918)
  • kaliya mardan (1919)
  • kns vadh (1920)
  • shakuntala (1920)
  • snt tukaram (1921)
  • bhakt gora (1923)
  • setu bndhan (1932)
  • gngavataran (1937)

film 'raja harishchndr'

bharatiy sinema ke pitamah dada sahab phalke ne jab bharat ki pahali phichar film banane ke lie taiyari ki, to film ki nayika unake lie gnbhir samasya ban gee. sanh 1913 men bani film 'raja harishchndr' men 'taramati' ki vishesh bhoomika thi. phalke ki ichchha thi ki nayika ki bhoomika koee yuvati hi kare. isake lie pahale unhonne natak mndali se judi abhinetriyon se bat ki, lekin ashchary ki bat to yah hai ki koee kaimare ke samane ane ko taiyar nahin huee. yahan tak ki dada sahab ne hiroin ki khoj ke lie ishtahar bhi bntavae, lekin usaka bhi koee fayada nahin mila. jab taramati ki bhoomika ke lie antat: koee kalakar nahin mila, to vivash ho phalke kothe valiyon ke pas pahunche. unase hiroin banane ka agrah kiya, lekin unhonne bhi taka-sa javab de diya. harakar dada sahab ne phaisala kiya ki kisi purush se hi taramati ki bhoomika karaee jae aur usi pal se kalakar ki talash shuroo ho gee. tabhi ek din unhen ek eerani ke restaran men ek rasoiya najar aya. dada ne rasoiya se bat ki. kahane-sunane ke bad vah kam karane ke lie taiyar ho gaya, lekin dada phalke ki musibat abhi khatm nahin huee thi. darasal, riharsal ke bad jab shooting ka samay aya, to nirmata nirdeshak phalke ne rasoiye se kaha - 'kal se shooting karenge, tum apani moonchhen saf karake ana.' dada ki yah bat sunakar rasoiya, jo hiroin ka rol karane vala tha, chaunk gaya. unhonne javab diya- 'main moonchhen kaise saf kara sakata hoon! moonchhen to mard-maratha ki shan hain!' rasoiye ki baten sunakar dada phalke ne samajhaya, bhala moonchh vali taramati kaise ho sakati hai? vah to nari hai aur nari ki koee moonchh nahin hoti. phir moonchh ka kya hai, shooting poori hote hi rakh lena! kafi samajhane ke bad rasoiya moonchh saf karane ke lie taiyar hua. vah rasoiya, jo bharat ki pahali 'phichar film' ki pahali hiroin ban raha tha, usaka nam 'salunke' tha.[2]

samman aur puraskar

phalke shatabdi varsh 1969 men bharatiy sinema ki or phalke ke abhootapoorv yogadan ke samman men ‘dada sahab phalke samman’ shuru hua. rashtriy star ka yah sarvochch sine puraskar sinema men ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie diya jata hai. unaki smriti men yah puraskar prativarsh diya jata hai.

antim samay

san 1938 men bharatiy sinema ne rajat jaynti poori ki. is avasar par chndulal shah aur satyamoorti ki adhyakshata men samaroh ayojit hua, dada sahab phalke ko bulaya to avashy gaya kintu unhen kuchh vishesh nahin mila. samaroh men upasthit ‘prabhat filmas’ ke shantaram ne phalke ki arthik sahayata ki pahal ki pahal karate hue vahan ae nirmataon, nirdeshak, vitarakon se dhanarashi jamakar phalke ko bhej diya. is rashi se nasik men phalke ke lie ghar bana. unake jivan ke antim din yahin bite.[1] 16 faravari, 1944 ko nasik men 'dada sahab phalke' ka nidhan hua.

148vin jaynti par googal-doodal

dada sahab phalke ki 148vin jaynti par googal-doodal

bharatiy sinema ke janak dhundiraj govind phalke ko googal ne unaki 148vin jaynti par (30 aprail, 2018 ko) doodal ke jarie yad kiya. dada sahab phalke ke nam se charchit bharatiy philm udyog ke is purodha ne desh men pahali philm 'raja harishchndr' banaee thi. unaki yah philm 3 mee, 1913 ko rilij huee thi. yah ek mook philm thi jisamen lait, kaimara aur ekshan ka kamal aisa tha ki dekhane valon ko avaz ki kami zyada khali nahin. dadasaheb phalke ki yad men banae ge googal ke doodal men yuva phalke ko shvet-shyam philm ki nigetiv ril hath men lie hue dikhaya gaya hai. dijitalikaran ke maujooda daur men nigetiv halanki chalan se bahar ho gaya hai. googal ke anusar, aj ka doodal darshata hai ki yuva dada saheb bharatiy sinema ke itihas men pahale daur ke kuchh ratnon ko nirdesh de rahe hain. googal ke anusar, ek vidvan ke putr phalke ko kala, vividh vastuon ke adhyayan, photographi, lithographi, arkitekchar, injiniyaring aur jadoogari men gahari abhiruchi thi.[3]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 dada sahab phalke : sinema ke hastakshar (hindi) samalochana (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2013.
  2. jab phalke ko hiroin nahin mili (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 2mee, 2011.
  3. dadasaheb phalke ki 148vin jaynti par googal ka doodal (hindi) d qyoont. abhigaman tithi: 1 mee, 2018.

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