पी. जयराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pi. jayaraj
jayaraj
poora nam paidi jayaraj
prasiddh nam jayaraj
janm 28 sitambar, 1909
janm bhoomi karimanagar, andhr pradesh
mrityu 11 agast, 2000
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
sntan panch (do putr dilip, jayatilak aur tin putriyan jayashri, dipa evn gita)
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr abhineta, nirmata-nirdeshak
mukhy filmen 'hamari bat', 'nee kahani', 'shikari', 'rayaphal garl', 'bhabhi' adi.
shiksha snatak
vidyalay vud neshanal kaaulej, haidarabad
puraskar-upadhi dada sahab phalke puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane filmi kairiyar men bataur abhineta to lagabhag 300 filmon men abhinay kiya jinamen se 160 filmon men nayak ki bhoomikaen nibhaeen.

pi. jayaraj (poora nam- 'paidi jayaraj', angrezi: Paidi Jairaj, janm: 28 sitambar, 1909; mrityu: 11 agast, 2000) hindi film jagath ke ekamatr aise abhineta the, jinhonne mook filmon ke daur se lekar vartaman daur tak ki anek filmon men kam kiya. hindi sinema ke parde par sarvadhik rashtriy aur aitihasik nayakon ko jivit karane ka kirtiman isi kalakar ke sath juda hai. naushad jaise mahanh sngitakar ko filmon men brek dene ka shrey bhi pi. jayaraj ko hi jata hai. unaki zindagi hindi sine jagath ke itihas ke sath-sath chalati huee, ek sinema ki kahani jaisi thi.

jivan parichay

jayaraj ka janm 28 sitambar, 1909 ko nijam stet ke karimanagar zile men hua tha. 'paidipati jairula naidoo' unaka andhriy nam tha. haidarabad men pale bade hue jisase urdoo bhasha par pakad achchhi thi, vo kam ayi. unake pitaji sarakari daphtar men lekhajokha dekha karate the. unaki prarnmbhik shiksha haidarabad ke roman kaitholik skool men huee. phir tin sal ke lie unhen 'vud neshanal kaaulej' ke baauding haus men padhaya gaya jahan se unhonne snskrit ki shiksha li. phir haidarabad ke 'nijam haeeskool' men urdoo padhi. bi. es. si. karane ke bad nevi men jana chahte the kintu unake bade bhaee sundararaj injiniyraring ki padhaee ke lie lndan bhejana chahte the. unaki mataji bade bhaee ko jyada pyar detin thin aur unaki ichchha thi inglaind jakar padhaee karane ki jisaka parivar ne virodh kiya jisase naraj hokar, yuva jayaraj, kismat ajamane ke lie sanh 1929 men mumbee a gaye. us samay unaki umr 19 varsh thi.

samundar ke sath pahale se bahut lagav tha so, daauk yard men kam karane lage ! vahan unaka ek dost tha jisaka nam "rngya" tha usane sahayata ki aur tab, postar ko rngane ka kam mila jisase stoodiyo pahunche. unaki majaboot kad kathi ne jald hi unhen nirmata ki ankhon men chadha diya. mahavir photoplez men kam mila. us samay chitrapat mook the. kee jagah kam, aiktar ke badale khade dabal ka mila, par bad men mukhy bhoomikaen bhi milane lagin. bhabha varerakar unake akarshak aur saushthav sharir ko dekhakar unake vyaktitv se bahut prabhavit hue aur unhonne apani pahali film men nayak ki bhoomika ke lie chun liya. durbhagy se yah film bich men hi bnd ho gee kyonki varerakar ka apane partanar ke sath manamutav ho gaya tha.

bataur sahayak nirdeshak

bhayakhala sthit studiyo men nirdeshak nagendr majoomadar ke pas unhen 'sahayak nirdeshak ki naukari mil gee. unake sath nirdeshan ke alava snpadan, sine-chhanyakan adi ka kary bhi sikha. dilip kumar ki pahali film "pratima" ka nirdeshan jayaraj ne kiya tha.

bataur nirdeshak

pi. jayaraj ne filmon ke nirdeshan ka kam bhi kiya jisamen bataur nirdeshak pahali film thi-'pratibha', jisaki nirmatri devika rani thin.

abhinay ki shurooat

filmon men bataur abhineta varsh 1929 men nagendr majoomadar ne hi pratham film 'jagamagati javani' men brek diya. jisamen madhav kale nayak the aur jayaraj sahayak choonki madhav kale ko ghudasavari aur phaiting nahin ati thi, lihaja jayaraj ne mask pahanakar unaka bhi kam kiya. jisake mukhy kalakar madhav kele ke stnt sin bhi unhonne hi kie the. usake bad 'yng indiya pikchars' ne 35 rupaye pratimah, 3 vakt ka bhojan aur 4 any logon ke sath giragam mumbee men rahane ki suvidha vala kam diya. ab jivan ki gadi chal nikali. 1930 men "rasili rani" film bani. madhuri unaki hiroin thin. usake bad jayaraj 'sharada film kampani' se jude. 35 rupaye se 75 rupaye milane lage. jebunissa hiroin thin jo hindustani greta ke nam se mashahoor thin aur jayaraj ji gilbart the hindustan ke. (Anthony Hope's ki film 'd prizanar aauf jenda' hi hindi film "rasili rani" ke roop men bani thi) bataur nayak unaki pahali film 'rasili rani' 1929 men pradarshit huee madhuri unaki nayika thin. 'navajivan films' ke bainar tale bani nagendr majoomadar dvara nirdeshit vah film bahut saphal rahi thi. mook filmon ke daur men vah film kee sinemagharon men panch saptah chali thi jo un dinon bahut badi bat thi. mook filmon men to jayaraj ke nam ki dhoom machi hooee thi.

bolati filmon ka naya daur

1931 men jab 'alam ara' se bolati filmon ka daur shuroo hua to unhonne bhi bolati filmon ke anuroop khud ko dhala. unaki pahali bolati film thi 'shikari'. 1932 men pradarshit is film men jayaraj ne ek bauddh bhikshuk ki bhumika nibhaee thi aur sanp, bagh, sher jaise hinsak janavaron ke sath ladane ke drishy die. bolati film ke sath sngit shuroo hua. kee kalakar ple baik bhi dene lage par 1935 se doosare gate aur kalakar sirf honth hilate jisase asani ho gayi. ab sinema sngitamay ho gaya. hamajoli film men noorajahan aur jayaraj ji ne kam kiya tha. raiphal garl, hamari bat adi film milin. jayaraj ki lokapriyata dekhakar 'bambe taaukij' ke malik himanshu ray ne apani knpani ki film 'bhabhi' ke lie unhen bataur nayak anubndhit kiya, jisase film-jagath men sanasani phail gee. tab 'bambe taaukij' bahar ke kalakaron ko apani film men kam nahin deta tha. phanj astin dvara nirdeshit vah film 'bhabhi' bahut saphal rahi. mumbee men us film ne rajat jaynti manaee thi to kalakatta men vah 80 saptah chali thi. phir ayi 'svami' film, jisamen sitara devi thin. hatim taee, tamanna, us samay ke sinema the. jayaraj ne marathi, gujarati film bhi kin. apane filmi kairiyar men bataur abhineta to lagabhag 300 filmon men abhinay kiya jinamen se 160 filmon men nayak ki bhoomikaen nibhaeen. bataur nayak unaki antim film thi-khooni kaun mujarim kaun', jo varsh 1965 men pradarshit huee thi. usake bad unhonne umr ki mang ke anusar charitr bhoomikaen nibhani shuru kar din. mahatma gandhi ki hatya par adharit amariki film- 'naeen avars too rama', mark robsan nirmit men ji. di. bidala ki bhoomika nibhane ka bhi avasar mila jo aj tak hindustan men pradarshit nahin ho payi hai. maya film men aee. es. jauhar ke sath kam kiya. yah donon amariki filmen hain. indo-rashiyan film 'paradesi' men bhi kam kiya. do bar durghatna grast ho jane ke karan chalane phirane men takaliph hone lagi to filmon se doori banani shuru kar di.

bataur nirmata

ek film jayaraj ji ne banana shuroo kiya tha jisamen nargis, bharat bhooshan aur khud ve kam kar rahe the. film ka nam tha sagar. unaka bahut nam tha sine jagat men aur kee sare nirmata, nirdeshak, kalakar unhen janmadin ki badhaee dene subah se unake ghar pahunchate the. 1951 men sagar film banayi, jo laaurd tenisan ki "inoch arden" par adharit katha thi. vah nishphal huee kyonki jayaraj ne apana khud ka paisa lagaya tha aur unhonne kubool kiya tha ki vyavasayik samajh unamen nahin thi.

parivar

1939 men apane ghanishth mitr prithviraj kapoor ke kahane par unhonne savitri nam ki yuvati se vivah kar liya. tab unhonne hi savitri ke kanyadan ki rasm nibhaee thi. 1942 men unaka vetan 200 rupaye pratimah se badhakar 600 rupaye pratimah ho gaya. unaki 5 sntan thin, do putr, dilip raj v jayatilak aur tin putriyan, jayashri, dipa evn gita. sabase bade dilip raj, jo aiktar bane. unake dvara abhinit ke. e. abbas ki film "shahar aur sapana" ko rashtrapati puraskar mila tha. jayaraj ka doosara putr amerika men rahata hai. doosari beti thin jayashri, unaka vivah rajakapoor ki patni krishna ke chhote bhaee bhoopendranath ke sath hua tha. tisari beti thin dipa, phir thi gita sabase chhoti.

mukhy filmen

  • sanh 1938 - rayaphal garl
  • sanh 1939 - bhabhi
  • sanh 1942 - khilauna
  • sanh 1942 - mera ganv
  • sanh 1943 - nee kahani
  • sanh 1954 - badaban
  • sanh 1954 - munna
  • sanh 1956 - amarasinh rathaud
  • sanh 1956 - hatimataee
  • sanh 1957 - paradesi
  • sanh 1959 - char dil char rahen
  • sanh 1962 - rajiya sultan

puraskar

50 ke dashak men pi. jayaraj ko laiph taim achivament avard se navaja gaya. 1982 men unhen dada saheb phalke puraskar bhi mila.

nidhan

jayaraj ka nidhan lilavati aspatal, mumbee men 11 agast sanh 2000 ko hua aur hindi sine snsar ka mook filmon se aj tak ka mano ek setu hi toot kar adrishy ho gaya. 11 mook chitrapat aur 200 bolati filmon se hamara manornjan karane vale ek samarth kalakar ne is duniya se vida le li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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