हेमन्त कुमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hemant kumar
hemant kumar
poora nam hemant kumar mukhopadhyay
prasiddh nam hemant da
janm 16 joon, 1920
janm bhoomi varanasi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 26 sitambar, 1989
mrityu sthan kolakata, pashchim bngal
pati/patni bela mukharji
sntan putr jaynt aur putri renu
karm bhoomi bngal aur munbee
karm-kshetr gayak, sngitakar tatha film nirmata
mukhy filmen 'anarakali', 'nagin', 'pyasa', 'gnga jamuna', 'pharar', 'bat ek rat ki', 'kohara', 'jhanak-jhanak payal baje', 'bis sal bad', 'sahab bibi aur gulam' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'president gold medal', 'maikal madhusoodhan avard' (1989)
prasiddhi gayak, sngitakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane mrinal sen ke nirdeshan men ek bngala film 'nil akasher niche' ka nirman kiya gaya. is film ko 'rashtrapati svarn padak' mila tha.

hemant kumar mukhopadhyay (angrezi: Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay, janm- 16 joon, 1920, varanasi, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 26 sitambar, 1989, pashchim bngal) hindi film jagath ke mahanh pa‌rshvagayak aur sngitakar the. ve 'hemant da' ke nam se prasiddh hue the, jinake git aj bhi shrotaon ko mntramugdh kar dete hain. bangla aur hindi film sngit ki jani-mani shakhsiyat hemant kumar n sirf mausiki ke mahir the, balki behatarin film nirmata bhi the. bangla bhasha ke anek gair-filmi elbam ko sur dene vale hemant kumar ne kee mashahoor hindi giton ko bhi apani madhur avaz di thi. isake sath hi unhonne ek aisi film ka nirman bhi kiya, jise 'rashtrapati svarn padak' se navaza. film samikshak jyoti venkatesh ke mutabik hemant kumar apane daur ke sabase pratibhashali fanakaron men se the. sngit ki nabz ka mizaj samajhane men daksh is kalakar ko 'ravindr sngit' ka visheshgy bhi mana jata tha.

janm tatha shiksha

hemant kumar ka janm 16 joon, 1920 ko varanasi (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. unhonne apani prarnbhik shiksha kolakata ke 'mitra instityoot' se poori ki thi. apani intar ki pariksha uttirn karane ke bad hemant kumar ne 'jadavapur yunivarsiti' men injiniyaring men dakhila liya. apani injiniyaring ki padhaee hemant kumar ne bich men hi chhod di. isaka karan yah tha ki us samay tak unaka rujhan sngit ki or ho gaya tha aur vah sngitakar banane ke lie lalayit ho uthe the. is bich hemant kumar ne sahity jagath men bhi apani pahachan banani chahi aur ek bngali patrika 'desh' men unaki ek kahani prakashit huee. kintu 1930 ke ant tak hemant kumar ne apana poora dhyan sngit ki or lagana shuroo kar diya. apane bachapan ke mitr subhash ki sahayata se unhen 1930 men akashavani ke lie apana pahala bngala git gane ka mauka mila.[1]

parivar

hemant kumar ke tin bhaee aur ek bahan 'nilima' thi. inake bade bhaee 'tarajyoti' bngali ke laghu kahani lekhak the. chhote bhaee 'amal mukhopadhyay' ne kuchh bngali filmon men sngit bhi diya. san 1945 men hemant kumar ne bela mukharji se vivah kiya, jo bngal ki hi ek gayika thin. hemant kumar putr jayant aur beti renu ke pita bhi bane. age chalakar inake putr jayant ka vivah hindi ki prasiddh abhinetri mausami chatarji se hua, jo 1970 ke dashak men prasiddh thin.

gayaki tatha sngit nirman

sngit ki prarnbhik shiksha hemant kumar ne ek bngala sngitakar shailesh datt gupta se li thi. isake atirikt unhonne ustad faiyaj khan se shastriy sngit ki shiksha bhi li. 1937 men shailesh datt gupta ke sngit nirdeshan men ek videshi sngit knpani 'kolnbiya lebal' ke lie hemant kumar ne gair-filmi git gae. isake bad hemant kumar ne lagabhag har varsh 'gramofonik knpani aauf indiya' ke lie apani avaz di. 'gramofonik knpani' ke lie hi 1940 kamaladas gupta ke sngit nirdeshan men hemant kumar ko apana pahala hindi git 'kitana du:kh bhulaya tumane' gane ka mauka mila, jabaki 1941 men pradarshit ek bngala film ke lie unhonne apani avaz di. varsh 1944 men ek gair filmi bngala git ke lie bhi unhonne sngit diya. isi varsh pndit amaranath ke sngit nirdeshan men unhen apani pahali hindi film 'irada' men gane ka mauka mila. isake sath hi 1944 me ravindranath thakur ke ravindr sngit ke lie hemant kumar ne 'kolnbiya lebal knpani' ke lie gane rikaaurd kie. 1947 men bngala film 'abhiyatri' ke lie unhonne bataur sngitakar kam kiya. is bich hemant kumar 'bharatiy jananaty sngh' ke sakriy sadasy ke roop men bhi kam karane lage. dhire-dhire hemant kumar bngala filmon men bataur sngitakar apani pahachan banane men saphal rahe.[1]

saphalata

hemant kumar ne kee bngala filmon ke lie bhi sngit diya, jinamen hemen gupta nirdeshit kee filmen shamil hain. kuchh samay ke bad hemen gupta munbee a ge aur unhonne hemant kumar ko bhi munbee ane ka nimntran diya. 1951 men 'filmistan stoodiyo' ke bainar tale banane vali apani pahali hindi film 'anndamath' ke lie hemen gupta ne hemant kumar se sngit dene ki peshakash ki. film 'anndamath' ki saphalata ke bad hemant kumar bataur sngitakar film indastri men sthapit ho ge. 'anndamath' men lata mngeshakar ki avaz men gaya hua 'vnde mataramh' aj bhi shrotaon ko josh se bhar deta hai. is bich es. di. barman ke sngit nirdeshan men 'jal', 'haus nn. 44' aur 'solahavan sal' jaisi filmon ke lie bhi hemant kumar ne jo gane gae, shrotaon ke bich kafi lokapriy hue. 1954 men unake sngit se saji film 'nagin' ne apar saphalata prapt ki. is film ki saphalata ke bad hemant kumar oonchaiyon ke shikhar par ja pahunche. film 'nagin' ka ek git 'man dole mera tan dole' aj bhi shrotaon ke bich kafi lokapriy hai. isake sath hi film 'nagin' ke lie hemant kumar ko sarvashreshth sngitakar ke 'filmapheyar puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.

sngitabaddh git

ek sngitakar ke roop men hemant kumar ne bahut nam kamaya. unake sngit se saje giton ki soochi bahut lambi hai, jinamen se kuchh is prakar hain-

  • 'yad kiya dil ne kahan ho tum' - patita (1953)
  • 'jag dard ishk jag' - anarakali (1953)
  • 'man dole mera tan dole' - nagin (1954)
  • 'nain se nain mile' - jhanak-jhanak payal baje (1955)
  • 'jane vo kaise log the, jinake pyar ko pyar mile - pyasa (1957)
  • 'hai apana dil to avara, na jane kis pe ayega' - solahavan sal (1958)
  • 'insaf ki dagar pe, bachcho dikhao chal ke, ye desh hai tumhara' - gnga jamuna (1961)
  • 'n jaon sainya chhuda ke bahinyan' - sahib bibi aur gulam (1962)
  • 'bekarar karake hamen yoon n jaie' - kahin dip jale kahin dil
  • 'zara nazaron se kah do ji nishana chook n jaye' bis sal bad (1962)
  • 'na tum hamen jano' - bat ek rat ki (1962)
  • 'ye nayan dare-dare' - kohara (1964)
  • 'dil ki suno duniya valon' - anupama (1966)
  • 'mujhe pukar lo tumhara intazar hai' - khamoshi[1]

film nirman

pachas ke dashak men hemant kumar ne bngala aur hindi filmon men sngit nirdeshan ke sath-sath gane bhi gae. 1959 men hemant kumar ne film nirman ke kshetr men bhi qadam rakha aur 'hemanta bela prodakshan' ke nam se film knpani ki sthapana ki. is bainar ke tale mrinal sen ke nirdeshan men ek bngala film 'nil akasher niche' ka nirman kiya gaya. is film ko 'president gold medal' mila. isake bad hemant kumar ne apane bainar tale 'bis sal bad' (1962), 'kohara' (1964), 'bibi aur makan' (1966), 'farar' (1965), 'rahagir' (1969) aur 'khamoshi' (1969) jaisi kee hindi filmon ka bhi nirman kiya. sattar ke dashak me hemant kumar ne hindi filmon ke lie kam karana kuchh kam kar diya. halanki bngala filmon ke lie ve kam karate rahe. 1971 men hemant kumar ne ek bngala film 'anndita' ka nirdeshan bhi kiya tha, lekin yah film baauks aaufis asaphal rahi.

puraskar v samman

hemant kumar ne apane saphal kairiyar men kee puraskar v samman bhi prapt kie. unhen bngala film 'nil akasher niche' ke lie 'president gold medal' mila tha. 1989 men ve bngala desh ke dhaka me 'maikal madhusoodhan avard' lene ge.

nidhan

1979 men hemant kumar ne chalis aur pachas ke dashak men salil chaudhari ke sngit nirdeshan men gae apane ganon ko dobara rikaaurd karaya aur use 'lijend aauph glori-2' ke roop men jari kiya aur yah elabam kafi saphal bhi raha. 1989 men hemant kumar 'maikal madhusoodhan avard' lene dhaka ge the, jahan unhonne ek sngit samaroh men hissa bhi liya. samaroh ki samapti ke bad jab vah bharat laute, tab unhen dil ka daura pada. lagabhag panch dashak tak apane madhur sngit se shrotaon ko param annd pradan karane vale is mahanh sngitakar aur pa‌rshvagayak ka 26 sitambar, 1989 men nidhan ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 yad kiya dil ne kahan ho (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 sitambar, 2012.

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