रवि (संगीतकार)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ravi (sngitakar)
ravi
poora nam ravi shnkar sharma
janm 3 march, 1926
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu 7 march, 2012
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bharatiy hindi sinema
mukhy filmen ‘chaudahavin ka chand’, ‘gharana’, ‘chaina taun’, ‘gumarah’, ‘khanadan’, ‘v़kt’, ‘do badan’, ‘phool aur patthar’, ‘hamaraj’, ‘ankhen’, ‘nil kamal’, ‘ek phool do mali’, ‘nikah’ adi.
puraskar-upadhi filmafeyar puraskar, padmashri (1971), 'lata mngeshakar puraskar', 'kavi pradip shikhar samman'.
prasiddhi film sngitakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ravi ki kismat ka sitara varsh 1960 men pradarshit gurudatt ki klasik film 'chaudahavi ka chand' se chamaka. behatarin git-sngit aur abhinay se saji is film ki kamayabi ne ravi ko bataur sngitakar film indastri men sthapit kar diya tha.
adyatan‎

ravi shnkar sharma (angrezi: Ravi Shankar Sharma, janm- 3 march, 1926, dilli; mrityu- 7 march, 2012, mumbee) hindi filmon men prasiddh sngitakar the. bataur sngit nirdeshak unhonne 1955 men philm ‘vachan’ se apana saphar shuroo kiya tha. isake bad unhonne pichhe mudakar nahin dekha aur 50 se adhik philmon men sngit diya. ravi ko un logon men mana jata hai, jinhonne mahendr kapoor aur asha bhonsale ko sthapit karane men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. yadi hindi philmon ke kul 500 supar hit giton ko liya jae to unamen akele ravi ke 100 se jyada supar hit git hain aur baki 400 supar hit giton men 15 se jyada sngitakaron ke nam ate hain. yah bhi ek dilachasp bat hai ki ravi ki dhunon men rnge git byah-shadiyon men gae jane vale parnparagat philmi giton men sabhi se jyada lokapriy hain. 'aj mere yar ki shadi hai', 'doli chadhake dulhan sasural chali' aur 'babul ki duaen leti ja' jaise philmi git vivah aur baind baje valon ke bhi priy git hain.

parichay

bharatiy hindi filmon ke khyatiprapt sngitakar ravi ka janm 3 march san 1926 ko dilli men hua tha. unaka poora nam ravi shnkar sharma tha. ravi ne sngit ki koee aupacharik shiksha nahin li thi, halanki unaki dili tamanna parshv gayak banane ki thi. ilektrishiyan ke roop men kam karate hue ravi ne haramoniyam bajana aur gana sikha. isake bad san 1950 men vah munbee a ge. sngitakar hemnt kumar ne sabase pahale unhen 1952 men film 'annd math' men ‘vnde mataramh’ git ke lie sngit dene ka mauka diya.[1]

filmi saphar

ravi jab dilli men rahate the, tab unako philm sngit ka bahut shauk tha. vah mohammad rafi ke ganon ke shaukin the. apane parivar ka kharch chalane ke lie vah ilektrishiyan ban ge the. san 1950 men vah dilli se mumbee ravana ho ge. mumbee men n unake pas rahane ka ghar tha aur n hi hath men koee paisa. apani jyadatar raten tab vah malad steshan par bitate the. ek din hemnt kumar ne unhen dekha to vah unhen apane sath le ge. unhonne pahale ravi se ‘anand math’ philm men ‘vnde mataramh’ git men koras gavaya aur phir unhen apana sahayak nirdeshak bana liya. yah bat bahut kam log janate hain ki ‘nagin’ ki supar hit bin vali dhun ravi ne hi taiyar ki thi, jo pahali bar ‘mera tan dole, mera man dole’ men istemal huee thi. hemnt da se alag hone ke agale din hi nirmata nadiyadavala ne ravi ko bataur sngit nirdeshak tin philmen- ‘menhadi’, ‘ghar snsar’ aur ‘ayodhyapati’ de din. udhar nirmata es. di. narng ne bhi ravi ko ‘dilli ka thag’ aur ‘baaumbe ka chor’ jaisi philmen de din. bas usake bad ravi ne kabhi pichhe mudakar nahin dekha. dilli se gayak banane ka sapana lekar aya yuvak ravi shnkar sharma hindi philmon ka mashahoor sngit nirdeshak ravi ban gaya.[2]

philm 'nagin' men ravi ne hemnt kumar ke sahayak roop men bahut mehanat ki thi aaur philm men bin ki dhun banaee. philm men bin ki dhun unhone git "mera dil ye pukare aja" se lekar banaee thi. isi bich ravi ki mulaqat nirmata-nirdeshak devendr goyal se huee jo un dinon apani film 'vachan' ke lie sngitakar ki talash kar rahe the. devendr goyal ne ravi ki pratibha ko pahachan unhen apani film men bataur sngitakar kam karane ka mauqa diya. apani pahali hi film men ravi ne damadar sngit dekar shrotaon ko mntramugdh kar diya tha. is philm men unhone tin kam kiye, pahala sngit to diya hi, sath hi sath do git "chnda mama door ke" aaur "ek paisa de de baboo" ki shabd rachana ki. isake alava asha bhosale ke sath ek yugal git "yoon hi chupake chupake bahane bahane" ko svar bhi diya. varsh 1955 men pradarshit film 'vachan' men parshvagayik asha bhonsale ki avaj men racha basa git 'chnda mama door ke pua pakae bhoor ke...' un dinon kafi suparahit hua aur aj bhi bachchon ke bich kafi shiddhat ke sath suna jata hai.[3]

isake bad ravi ne devendr goyal ki sari philmon men sngit dena shuroo kar diya, jinamen se kuchh ullekhaniy philmen hain- 'nee rahen', 'narasi bhagat', 'chirag kahan roshani kahan', 'ek phool do mali', 'das lakh', in sabhi philmon ki saphalata ke bad ravi kuchh had tak philm sngitakar ke roop men apani pahachan banane men kamayab ho ge. apane vajood ko talashate ravi ko film indastri men sahi muqam pane ke lie lagabhag panch varsh intazar karana pada tha. is bich unhonne 'alabeli', 'prabhu ki maya', 'ayodhyapati', 'devar bhabhi', 'ek sal', 'ghar snsar', 'menhadi' jaisi kee doyam darje ki filmon ke lie sngit diya, lekin inamen se koee film tikat khidaki par saphal nahin huee.

saphalata

ravi ki kismat ka sitara varsh 1960 men pradarshit nirmata nirdeshak gurudatt ki klasik film 'chaudahavi ka chand' se chamaka. behatarin git-sngit aur abhinay se saji is film ki kamayabi ne ravi ko bataur sngitakar film indastri men sthapit kar diya. aj bhi is film ke sadabahar git darshakon aur shrotaon ko mntramugdh kar dete hain. sngit nirdeshan men ravi ne saphalata ki bulndi ko chhua. unhonne apane kariyar men 50 se jyada philmen kin. inamen se jyadatar myoojikal hit rahin. unaki philmon men ‘ghar snsar’, ‘mehndi’, ‘chirag kahan roshani kahan’, ‘nee rahen’, ‘chaudahavin ka chand’, ‘ghoonghat’, ‘gharana’, ‘chaina taun’, ‘aj aur kal’, ‘gumarah’, ‘grihasthi’, ‘kajal’, ‘khanadan’, ‘v़vakt’, ‘do badan’, ‘phool aur patthar’, ‘sagaee’, ‘hamaraj’, ‘ankhen’, ‘nil kamal’, ‘badi didi’, ‘ek phool do mali’, ‘ek mahal ho sapanon ka’ ke nam ullekhaniy hain. unaki antim ullekhaniy philm ‘nikah’ (1982) thi. isake sabhi gane supar hit the. ravi ne hindi philmon ke alava karib 14 malayalam philmon men bhi sngit diya.[4]

film 'nikah' ka sngit nirdeshan

ravi ko apani jindagi men kee bar agniparikshaon se gujarana pada, magar vah har bar apani parikshaon men khare utare. ravi ke bare men ek dilachasp bat yah bhi hai ki unhonne shastriy sngit ki koee shiksha nahin li thi, phir bhi unhonne shastriy sngit par kee supar hit dhunen banaeen. sahi mayane men asha bhonsale ko jin gine-chune sngitakaron ne tarasha, unamen ravi pramukh the. sath hi mahendr kapoor jaise gayak ki jindagi to ravi sahab ki dhunon par git gakar hi bani. bat san 1981 ki hai, nirmata-nirdeshak bi. ar. chopada un dinon 'nikah' film bana rahe the. raj babbar, dipak parashar film ke hiro the aur pakistan se aee salama aga film ki hiroin thin. film ke sngitakar ke roop men chopada sahab ne sngitakar ravi ko lene ka phaisala liya, kyonki ravi pahale bhi unaki 'gumarah', 'vakt', 'hamaraj', 'dhundh' jaisi kee filmon men sngit de chuke the. magar unhen kuchh logon ne samajhaya ki yah muslim prishthabhoomi ki film hai, isamen naushad sahab ya koee aur muslim sngitakar ko lo. ravi muslim baikagraund par badhiya dhun nahin bana paenge. chopada sahab pahale to kuchh soch men pad ge, magar phir bole, nahin ham ravi ko hi lenge. mujhe un par poora bharosa hai. 'nikah' men ravi sngitakar ban ge aur jab san 1982 men yah film aee to film ke sabhi git supar hit sabit hue.

vivah git

yah bhi ek dilachasp bat hai ki ravi ki dhunon men rnge git byah-shadiyon men gae jane vale parnparagat film giton men sabhi se jyada lokapriy hain. 'aj mere yar ki shadi hai', 'doli chadhake dulhan sasural chali' aur 'babul ki duaen leti ja' jaise filmi git shadiyon ke priy git hain.

baaumbe ravi

sngitakar ravi ko bi. ar. chopada ke alava ramannd sagar, es. di. narng, devendr goyal, nadiyadavala, gurudatt aur o. pi. naiyar jaise kee nirmataon ne to liya hi, dakshin ke bhi kee nirmata unake jabaradast prashnsak the. jemini films ki to adhikansh hindi filmon men ravi ne sngit diya, jisamen 'ghoonghat', 'gharana', 'paisa ya pyar', 'do kaliyan' aur 'samaj ko badal dalo' supar hit filmen thin. apane sngit se dakshin bharatiy malayali filmon men bhi unhonne apani aisi chhap chhodi ki vahan ve baaumbe ravi ke nam se ghar-ghar men mashahoor hi nahin ho ge balki dakshin ke chhah sarvashreshth film sngikaron men unhen gina jane laga. sngit nirdeshak ke roop men unhonne bulndi ko chhua aur kee aise yadagar git die, jinhen log samay ki maryada se age bhi yad rakhenge. unaki antim ullekhaniy film 'nikah' mani jati hai, jisake git 'dil ke araman ansuon men bah ge' ko sngit premi kafi pasnd karate hain.[3]

prasiddh git

sngitakar ravi ke dvara rachi gayi kuchh dhunon ke bol hain[5]-

  1. nile gagan ke tale dharati ka pyar pale
  2. raha gardishon men haradam
  3. bazi kisi ne pyar ki jiti ya har di
  4. aja tujhako pukare mera pyar
  5. is bhari duniya men koee bhi hamara n hua
  6. chaudahavin ka chand ho ya aphatab ho
  7. aj mere yar ki shadi hai
  8. babul ki duaen leti ja
  9. aulad valon phoolo phalo
  10. teri ankh ka jo ishara n hota
  11. ham bhi agar bachche hote nam hamara hota babaloo-dabaloo
  12. chnda mama door ke
  13. age bhi jane n too pichhe bhi jane n too
  14. badi der bhaee nndalala teri rah take braj bala
  15. jay raghunandan jay siya ram
  16. tora man darpan kahalaye
  17. dil men kisi ke pyar ka jalaya hua diya
  18. vo dil kahan se laoon teri yad jo bhula de
  19. ‘sau bar janam lenge, sau bar fana honge
  20. jab chali thndi hava
  21. babul ki duaen leti ja
  22. tora man darapan kahalae
  23. ye parada hata do
  24. kisi patthar ki moorat se
  25. aj mere yar ki shadi hai
  26. bar bar dekho hajar bar dekho
  27. dekha hai jindagi ko kuchh itane karib se
  28. dil ke araman ansuon men
  29. ham jab simat ke apaki banhon men a ge
  30. is bhari duniya men koee bhi hamara n hua
  31. lo a gee unaki yad

puraskar v samman

sngitakar ravi ko jemini pikchars ki es. es. vasan nirdeshit film 'gharana' (1961) aur vasoo films ki e. bhimasinh nirdeshit 'khanadan' (1965) ke sngit nirdeshan ke lie filmafeyar puraskar mile. varsh 1971 men bharat sarakar ne unhen padmashri dekar sammanit kiya. dakshin bharatiy filmon ke sngit ke lie bhi vahan ke rajy puraskar aur rashtriy puraskar ke alava aur bhi kee puraskar aur samman hasil kie. unake do antim ullekhaniy samman madhy pradesh sarakar dvara diya jane vala 'lata mngeshakar puraskar' aur malava rngamnch samiti dvara diya jane vala 'kavi pradip shikhar samman' tha.

mrityoo

hindi filmon ke khyatiprapt sngitakar ravi ka lambi bimari ke bad 86 varsh ki ayu men nidhan 7 march, 2012 ko mumbee, maharashtr men hua. ravi ek mukammal sngitakar the. unamen kavita aur shayari ki samajh thi. isilie unake git jivnt ban sake. melodi rachane men to unaka koee sani nahin tha. unake kampoz kie ganon men anokha oj tha. unake sngit nirdeshan men gayak ya gayika ki avaz hamesha ek anokhe uthan par rahati thi. filmon men unhonne sngit hi nahin diya balki gane bhi likhe aur kuchh gane gaye bhi. unhonne ye tinon kiradar zabardast saphalata se nibahe. mumbee ke film udyog men unaka koee gaaudaphadar nahin tha. unhonne jo kuchh bhi hasil kiya, vah apani mehanat aur pratibha ke balaboote par kiya. ve amataur par pahale likhe hue giton par dhunen banate the. jivan ki har paristhiti aur har avasar ke lie ravi ne yadagar git kampoz kie. unaka sngit lakhon ki pasnd bana.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sngitakar ravi ne holi se pahale duniya ko kaha alavida (hindi) aajtak.intoday.in. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2017.
  2. supar hit dhunon ke sngitakar the ravi (hindi) dainiktribuneonline.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 sngitakar ravishnkar sharma yani ravi (hindi) sameer-goswami.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2017.
  4. ‘laee hai hajaron rng holi...’ ke sngitakar ravi nahin rahe! (hindi) bhaskar.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2017.
  5. mahan sngitakar ravi ka nidhan (hindi) theindiapost.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2017.

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