सी. रामचन्द्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

si. ramachandr
si. ramachandr
poora nam ramachndr narahar chitळkar
any nam anna sahab
janm 12 janavari, 1918
janm bhoomi ahamadanagar, maharashtr
mrityu 5 janavari, 1982
mrityu sthan munbee
karm bhoomi maharashtr, bharat
karm-kshetr sngitakar, gayak, film nirmata
mukhy filmen shahanaee, samadhi, alabela, anarakali, nastik, azad, navarng, tirndaj, shatarnj, asha, amaradip, sharada adi.
shiksha sngit
vidyalay 'gndharv mahavidyalay', maharashtr
prasiddhi sngitakar v gayak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1953 men apane film nirman ke kshetr men bhi kadam rakha aur 'nyoo sanee prodakshan' ka nirman kiya, jisake bainar tale unhonne 'jhanjhar', 'laharen' aur 'duniya gol hai' jaisi filmon ka nirman kiya.

chitळkar ramachandr (angrezi: Ramchandra Chitalkar, janm- 12 janavari, 1918, ahamadanagar, maharashtr; mrityu- 5 janavari, 1982, munbee) n keval sngit nirdeshan ki pratibha se paripoorn the, apitu unhonne apani gayaki, film nirman, nirdeshan aur abhinay se bhi sine premiyon ko apana divana banae rakha. film jagat men 'anna sahab' ke nam se mashahoor si. ramachandr se filmon se judi koee bhi vidha achhooti nahin rahi thi. vah aise hnsamukh insan the, jinaki upasthiti matr se hi mahaul khushanuma ho jata tha. hnsate-hnsate rahane ki pravritti ko unhonne apane sngit nirdeshan aur gayaki men bhi khoob bariki se ukera tha. si. ramachandr ka yah andaj aj bhi unake chaheton ki yadon men basa hua hai.

janm tatha shiksha

si. ramachandr ka janm 12 janavari, san 1918 men maharashtr ke ahamadanagar zile ke ek chhote-se ganv 'puntaba' men hua tha. balyakal se hi unaka rujhan sngit ki or tha. hindi film sngit ko suron se nahalane vale sngitakar si. ramachandr ke nam se unake tamil bhashi hone ka anuman lagaya jata hai, kintu ve tamil bhashi nahin the. ve pune ke pas ek ganv ke marathi desharath brahman the. halanki yah bat ullekhaniy hai ki unhen sabase pahale ek tamil film men hi sngit dene ka maunka mila tha. snkranti se do din pahale janm lene vale si. ramachandr ko asal men krishn ki tarah do mataen mili thin. janm dene vali man ke hisse ka pyar unhonne sauteli man se paya tha. unake pita relave men sarakari karmachari the. din-rat rel ke injanon ki karkash avaz sunakar bhi ramachandr sngitakar bane. ghar men bhi sngit ke nam par keval snskrit ke shlok hi goonjate the.

si. ramachandr ka padhaee men man nahin lagata tha. unhonne pahali bar ek natak men kam kiya aur usake lie gaya bhi. is par unhen vahavahi mili thi. isi dauran unhen sinema dekhane aur usamen kam karane ka shauq laga. lekin nagapur men filmon ka nirman hota hi nahin tha. isilie ve pune a gaye. yahan unhonne sngit ki prarnbhik shiksha 'gndharv mahavidyalay', maharashtr ke vinayakabua patavardhan se prapt ki. bad men nagapur ke 'shriram sngit vidyalay' men shnkararav se bhi sngit ki shiksha grahan ki.

filmi shuruat

si.ramachandr ne apane sine kairiyar ki shuruat bataur abhineta yoo. bi. rav ki film 'nagannd' se ki. is bich si. ramachandr ko 'minarva mooviton' ki nirmit kuchh filmon men bhi abhinay karane ka mauka mila. isi samay unaki mulakat mahanh nirmata-nirdeshak soharab modi se huee. soharab modi ne si. ramachandr ko salah di ki yadi vah abhinay ke bajae sngit ki or dhyan den to film indastri men saphal kamayab ho sakate hain. isake bad si. ramachandr 'minarva mooviton' ke sngitakar bindu khan aur habib khan ke grup men shamil ho ge. ab ve grup men bataur haramoniyam vadak kam karane lage the. bataur sngitakar si. ramachandr ko sabase pahale ek tamil film men kam karane ka mauka mila.[1]

saphalata

1942 men pradarshit film 'sukhi jivan' ki saphalata ke bad si. ramachandr kuchh had tak bataur sngitakar film indastri men apani pahachan banane men saphal ho ge. chalis ke dashak men si. ramachandr ne ek sngitakar ke roop men jin filmon ko sngitabaddh kiya tha, unamen 'savan' (1945), 'shahanaee' (1947), 'patnga' (1949) aur 'samadhi' evn 'saragam' (1950) jaisi filmen ullekhaniy hain. san 1951 men si. ramachandr ko bhagavan dada ki nirmit film 'alabela' men sngit dene ka mauka mila. 1951 men pradarshit film 'alabela' men apane sngitabaddh giton ki kamayabi ke bad si. ramachandr ek saphal sngitakar ke roop men filmi duniya men jam ge. vaise to film 'alabela' men unake sngitabaddh sabhi gane suparahit hue, lekin khasakar "shola jo bhadake dil mera dhadake", "bholi soorat dil ke khote nam bade aur darshan chhote", "mere piya ge rngoon, kiya hai vahan se teliphon" adi giton ne bharat men dhoom macha di.

film nirman

san 1953 men pradip kumar aur bina ray abhinit film 'anarakali' ki saphalata ke bad si. ramachandr shoharat ki bunladiyon par pahunch gaye. film 'anarakali' men unake sngit se saje ye git "jag dard-e-ishk jag..", "ye zindagi usi ki hai.. ", shrotaon ke bich bahut lokapriy hue. 1953 men si. ramachandr ne film nirman ke kshetr men bhi kadam rakh diya aur 'nyoo sanee prodakshan' ka nirman kiya, jisake bainar tale unhonne 'jhanjhar', 'laharen' aur 'duniya gol hai' jaisi filmon ka nirman kiya. lekin ye unaka durbhagy hi tha ki inamen se koee bhi film baauks aauphis par saphal nahin saki. isake bad si. ramachandr ne film nirman se tauba kar li aur apana dhyan sngit ki or ji lagana shuroo kar diya. varsh 1954 men pradarshit film 'nastik' men unake sngitabaddh git "dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gee bhagavan, kitana badal gaya insan", samaj men badh rahi kuritiyon ke upar unaka sidha prahar tha. is git ki prasiddhi ne unhen phir se lokapriy bana diya.[1]

rajendr krishn se jodi

si. ramachandr ke sine kairiyar men unaki jodi gitakar rajendr krishn ke sath bahut charchit rahi. unaki aur rajendr krishn ki jodi vali filmo men 'patnga' (1949), 'khazana' (1951), 'alabela' (1951), 'saki' (1952), 'anarakali' (1953), 'kavi' (1954), 'tirndaj' (1955), 'shatarnj' (1956), 'sharada' (1957), 'asha' (1957) aur 'amaradip' (1958) jaisi filmen shamil hain. pachas ke dashak men svaron ke lie vikhyat lata mngeshakar ne sngitakar si. ramachandr ki dhunon par kee git gae, jinamen film 'anarakali' ke git "ye zindagi usi ki hai...", "jag darde-e-ishk jag.." jaise git in donon phanakaron ki jodi ki behatarin misal hain.

pun: lokapriyata ki prapti

sath ka dashak si. ramachandr ke lie bura vaqt tha. is dashak men pashchaty git-sngit ki chamak se nirmata-nirdeshak svayn ko nahin bacha sake aur dhire-dhire nirdeshakon ne si. ramachandr ki or se apana mukh mod liya. lekin 1958 men pradarshit film 'talak' aur 1959 men pradarshit film 'paigam' men unake sngitabaddh git "insan ka insan se ho bhaeechara.." ki kamayabi ke bad si. ramachandr ek bar phir se apani khoyi huee lokapriyata pane men saphal ho ge.

bharat ke vir javanon ko shraddhajnli dene ke lie kavi pradip ne 1962 men "ai mere vatan ke logon, zara ankh men bhar lo pani.." git ki rachana ki. is git ka sngit taiyar karane ki jimmendari unhonne si. ramachandr ko saunp di. si. ramachandr ke sngit nirdeshan men ek karyakram ke dauran svar samragyi lata mngeshakar se deshabhakti ki bhavana se paripoorn is git ko sunakar tatkalin pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ki ankhon men ansoo chhalak ae the. "ai mere vatan ke logon.." git ko sngit dekar si. ramachandr ne jaise is git ko amar bana diya. aj bhi bharat ke mahanh deshabhakti git ke roop men yad kiya jata hai.[1]

pa‌rshvagayan

sath ke dashak men si. ramachandr ne 'dhannjay' aur 'gharakul' jaisi marathi filmon ka nirman kiya. unhonne in filmon men abhinay aur sngit nirdeshan bhi kiya. sngit nirdeshan ke atirikt si. ramachandr ne apane pa‌rshvagayan se bhi shrotaon ko mntramugdh kiya. in giton men "meri jan meri jan snde ke snde.." (shahanaee, 1947), "kadam kadam badhae ja khushi ke git gae ja.." (samadhi, 1950), "bholi soorat dil ke khote nam bade aur darshan chhote..", "shola jo bhadake dil mera dhadake.." (alabela, 1951), "kitana hasin hai mausam kitana hasin saphar hai..." (ajad, 1955), "a ja re natakhat na chhoo re mera ghoonghat.." (navarng, 1959) jaise n bhoolane vale git bhi shamil hai. si. ramachandr ne apane char dashak ke lnbe sine kariyar men lagabhag 150 filmon ko sngitabaddh kiya. hindi filmon ke atirikt unhonne tamil, marathi, telugoo aur bhojapuri filmon ko bhi sngitabaddh kiya.

prasiddh sngitabaddh git

kavi pradip, lata mngeshakar aur si. ramachndr

si. ramachandr ke kuchh sngitabaddh git nimnalikhit hain-

  • meri jan meri jan snde ke snde - shahanaee (1947)
  • kadam kadam badhae ja khushi ke git gae ja - samadhi (1950)
  • shola jo bhadake dil mera dhadake - alabela (1951)
  • bholi soorat dil ke khote nam bade aur darshan chhote - alabela
  • mere piya ge rngoon, kiya hai vahan se teliphon - alabela
  • balama bada nadan - alabela
  • ye zindagi usi ki hai, jo kisi ka ho gaya - anarakali (1953)
  • jag dard ishk jag - anarakali (1953)
  • dekh tere snsar ki halat kya ho gee bhagavan - nastik (1954)
  • kitana hasin hai mausam kitana hasin saphar hai - ajad (1955)
  • dekho ji bahar aee - ajad (1955)
  • a ja re natakhat na chhoo re mera ghoonghat - navarng, (1959
  • ai mere vatan ke logon, jara ankh men bhar lo pani - (1962)

nidhan

apane sngitabaddh giton se shrotaon ke dilon par raj karane vale mahanh sngitakar si. ramachandr ne 5 janavari, 1982 ko is duniya se vida li. lekin unake sngitabaddh git aj bhi har kisi ki juban par ate rahate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 si. ramachndr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 sitambar, 2012.

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