शक्ति सामंत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shakti samnt
shakti samnt
poora nam shakti samnt
janm 13 janavari, 1926
janm bhoomi bardhaman nagar, bngal
mrityu 9 aprail, 2009
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr nirmata-nirdeshak
mukhy filmen havada brij, amar prem, aradhana, kati patng, kashmir ki kali, amanush adi
puraskar-upadhi filmapheyar puraskar (tin bar) sarvashreshth film banane ke lie
nagarikata bharatiy

shakti samnt (angrezi: Shakti Samanta, janm: 13 janavari, 1926 - mrityu: 9 aprail 2009) ek prasiddh film nirmata evn nirdeshak the. shakti samnt ne havada brij, amar prem, aradhana, kati patng, kashmir ki kali, amanush jaisi yadagar filmen banaeen.

jivan parichay

shakti samnt ka janm 13 janavari, 1926 ko bngal ke bardhaman nagar men hua tha. unake pita ek injiniyar the jinaki ek durghatana men mrityu ho gee. us vaqt shakti samnt keval dedh sal ke the. padhaee ke lie unhen uttar pradesh ke badayoon men unake chacha ke pas bhej diya gaya. deharadoon se apani 'intaramidiyat' pas karane ke bad unhonne kalakatta (ab kolakata) jakar 'injiniyaring entrans' ki pariksha di aur avval bhi aye. lekin jab vo bharti ke lie gaye to unhen yah kah kar vapas kar diya gaya ki vah pariksha keval bngal, bihar aur odisha ke chhatron ke lie thi aur vo uttar pradesh se aye hue the. durbhagy yahin pe khatam nahin huee. jab vo vapas uttar pradesh gaye to vahan par sabhi kalejon men bharti ki prakriya samapt ho chuki thi. unaka ek sal bina kisi vajah ke barabad ho gaya. unake chacha ke kahane par shakti unake sath unake kam men hath bntane lag gaye. sath hi sath vo thiyatar aur drama ke apane shauq ko bhi poora karate rahe. ek rat jab vo thiyatar ke riharsal se ghar der se laute to unake chacha ne unhen kuchh bhala bura sunaya. inhen unaka vah bartav pasnd nahin aya aur unhonne apane chacha ka ghar hamesha ke lie chhod diya.[1]

kairiyar ki shurooat

apane chacha ke ghar se nikalane ke bad shakti munbee ke as-pas kam ki talash kar rahe the kyonki unhen pata tha ki unaka antim muqam yah kala-nagari hi hai. unhen dapoli men ek 'ainglo haee skool' men naukari mil gee. yahan se munbee stimar se ek ghnte men pahunchi ja sakati thi. us skool ke chhatr zyadatar afrikan muslim the aur 23-24 sal ki ayu ke the, jab ki vo khud 21 sal ke the. shakti ne dekha ki skool men chhatron ki chahunmukhi vikas ke lie saz-o-saman ka bada abhav hai. unhonne skool ke pradhanachary se is bat ka zikr kiya aur chhatron ke lie khel-kood ke kee chizen kharidavaye. chhatr shakti ke is andaz se mukhatib hue aur unake achchhe dost ban gaye. apane chacha ke sath kam karate hue shakti ko mahine ke 3000 rupaye milate the, jabaki yahan unhen keval 130 rupaye milate. usamen se 30 rupaye kharch hote aur 100 rupay vo bacha lete. film jagat men kuchh karane ki unaki dili tamanna unhen har shukravar munbee khinch le jati. shukravar sham ko vo stimar se munbee jate, vahan par kam dhoondhate aur phir somavar ki subah vapas a jate. vo kee film nirmataon se mile, lekin vah rajanitik halachal ka samay tha. desh ke bntavare ke bad bahut sare kalakar pakistan chale gaye the. film indastri ke lie bura vaqt chal raha tha. shakti ant men jakar dada muni ashok kumar se mile, jo unake pasndida abhineta bhi the, aur jo un dino 'baaumbe taaukiz' se jude hue the. dadamuni ne unhen is shart par sahayak nirdeshak ke taur par 'baaumbe taaukiz' men rakh liya ki unhen koee tanakhvah nahin milegi, sivay dopahar ke khane aur chay ke. shakti razi ho gaye. uttar pradesh men rahane ki karan unaki hindi kafi achchhi thi. isalie vahan par fani majumadar ke bangla men likhe chizon ko vo hindi men anuvad kiya karate. is kam ke lie unhen paise zaroor diye gaye. kuchh dino ke bad shakti ne ashok kumar se apane dil ki bat kahi ki vo munbee darasal abhineta banane aye hain. par unaki pratibha aur vyaktitv ko samajhakar dadamuni ne unase abhinay men nahin balki film nirman ke taqaniki kshetr men hath azamane ke lie kaha.[1]

abhinay aur nirdeshan

shakti samnt ke dil men abhinay karane ki chahat shuroo se hi thi. vo filmon men chhote-mote rol nibhakar is shauq ko poora kar lete the. unake anusar unhe har film men pulis inspektar ka rol de diya jata tha aur ek hi snvad har film men unhen kahana padata ki "faaulo kar nambar falana, inspektar falana spiking". film jagat se jude rahane ki vajah se kee badi hastiyon se unaki jan-pahachan hone lagi thi. do aise bade log the guru datt aur lekhak brajendr gaud. gaud sahab ko film 'kasturi' nirdeshit karane ka nyota mila, lekin kisi doosari knpani ki film men vyast rahane ki vajah se is dayitv ko vo thik tarah se nibha nahin pa rahe the. isalie unhonne shakti samnt se unhen is film men unaki madad karane ko kaha. samnt sahab ne is kam ke 250 rupaye lie the. kisi film se yah unaki pahali kamaee thi. 'kasturi' (1954) men sngit pnkaj malik ka tha.[1]

pahali film 'inspektar'

gitakar aur nirmata es. ech. bihari tatha lekhak darogaji 'inspektar' namak film ke nirman ke bare men soch rahe the. film ko 'prodyoos' karavane ke lie vo log nadiyadavala ke pas ja pahunche. nadiyadavala ne kaha ki is kahani par saphal film banane ke lie mashahoor aur mahnge abhinetayon ko lena padega. bajat ka sntulan bigad n jaye isalie un logon ne is film ke lie kisi naye nirdeshak ko niyukt karane ki sochi taki nirdeshak ke lie zyada paise n kharchane pade. aur is tarah se shakti samnt ne apani pahali film 'inspektar' ka nirdeshan kiya jo san 1956 men pushpa pikchars ke bainar tale riliz huee. film 'hit' rahi aur is film ke bad unhen phir kabhi pichhe mudakar dekhane ki zaroorat nahin padi. is film ke gane bhi khasa pasnd kiye gaye. hemant kumar is film ke sngitakar the. yahan yah batana bhi zaroori hoga ki shakti samnt ne kam to pahale 'inspektar' ka hi shuru kiya tha lekin unaki doosari film 'bahoo' (1955) pahale pradarshit ho gee.[1]

prasiddh filmen

nirdeshak ke roop men[2] nirmata ke roop men
  • gitanjali (1993)
  • dushman (1990)
  • barasat ki ek rat (1981)
  • d gret gaimbalar (1979)
  • amanush (1975)
  • ajanabi (1974)
  • amar prem (1972)
  • anurag (1972)
  • kati patng (1971)
  • jane anajane (1971)
  • pagala kahin ka (1970)
  • aradhana (1969)
  • en ivaning in peris (1967)
  • savan ki ghata (1966)
  • kashmir ki kali (1964)
  • ek raj (1963)
  • chayana taun (1962)
  • naauti baauy (1962)
  • isi ka nam duniya hai (1962)
  • singapur (1960)
  • jali not (1960)
  • insan jag utha (1959)
  • havada brij (1958)
  • hil steshan (1957)
  • inspektar (1956)
  • bahoo (1955)
  • daaun muthusvami (2008)
  • ankhon men tum ho (1997)
  • ahnkar (1995)
  • gitanjali (1993)
  • dushman (1990)
  • pale khan (1986)
  • arapar (1985)
  • avaj (1984)
  • main avara hoon (1983)
  • amane-samane (1982)
  • ayyash (1982)
  • barasat ki ek rat (1981)
  • khh‍vab (1980)
  • annd ashram (1977)
  • balika badhu (1976)
  • amanush (1975)
  • amar prem (1972)
  • anurag (1972)
  • jane anajane (1971)
  • kati patng (1971)
  • aradhana (1969)
  • en ivaning in peris (1967)
  • savan ki ghata (1966)
  • kashmir ki kali (1964)
  • chayana taun (1962)
  • insan jag utha (1959)

samman aur puraskar

shakti samnt ko tin bar sarvashreshth film banane ke lie filmapheyar puraskar mila. filmen thin aradhana (1969), amanush (1975) aur anurag (1972).

nidhan

apani kala aur pratibha ke zariye film jagat men pahachan banane vale suprasiddh nirmata evn nirdeshak shakti samnt 9 aprail, 2009 ko munbee men 83 varsh ki ayu men unhonne is duniya-e-fani ko alavida kah kar apani annt yatra par chale gaye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 chatarji, sujaauy. saphal 'huee' teri aradhana...shakti samnt par vishesh (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hind yugm avaz. abhigaman tithi: 8 navambar, 2012.
  2. shakti samnt : filmographi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 8 navambar, 2012.

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