बदायूँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

badayoon, uttar pradesh ka ek mahattvapoorn zila hai. yah gnga ki sahayak nadi srot ke samip sthit hai. 11vin shati ke ek abhilekh men, jo badayoon se prapt hua hai, is nagar ka tatkalin nam vodamayoota kaha gaya hai. is lekh se gyat hota hai ki us samay badayoon men panchal desh ki rajadhani thi.

sthapana

yah jan padata hai ki ahichchhatra nagari, jo ati prachin kal se uttar panchal ki rajadhani chali aee thi, is samay tak apana poorv gaurav gnva baithi thi. ek kinvadanti men yah bhi kaha gaya hai ki, is nagar ko ahir saradar raja buddh ne 10vin shati men basaya tha. 13 vin shatabdi men yah dilli ke muslim rajy ki ek mahattvapoorn simavarti chauki tha aur 1657 men bareli dvara isaka sthan lie jane tak prantiy soobedar yahin rahata tha. 1838 men yah zila mukhyalay bana. kuchh logon ka yah mat hai ki badayoon ki ninv ajayapal ne 1175 ee. men dali thi. raja lakhanapal ko bhi nagar ke basane ka shrey diya jata hai.

itihas

nilaknth mahadev ka prasiddh mandir, jise iltutamish ne tudava diya tha, shayad lakhanapal ka banavaya hua tha. tajulamasir ke lekhak ne badayoon par kutubuddin aibak ke akraman ka varnan karate hue is nagar ko hind ke pramukh nagaron men mana hai. badayoon ke smarakon men jama masjid lakhanoo bharat ki madhy yugin imaraton men shayad sabase vishal hai. yah nilaknth mandir ke masale se banavaee gee thi aur isaka nirmata iltutamish tha, jisane ise gaddi par baithane ke barah varsh pashchath arthath 1222 ee. men banavaya tha. mahamood gazanavi ke saman hi iltutamish bhi kukhyat moortibhnjak tha. isane apane samay ke prasiddh devalayon, jinamen ujjain ka mahakal mandir bhi tha, tudava kar tatkalin bharatiy kala, snskriti tatha dharm ko bhari kshati pahunchaee thi.

rachana-saundary

yahan ki jama masjid prayah samantar chaturbhuj ke akar ki hai, kintu poorv ki or adhik chaudi hai. bhitari pragnn ke poorvi kon par mukhy masjid hai, jo tin bhagon men vibhajit hai. bich ke prakoshth par gumbad hai. bahar se dekhane par yah masjid sadharan si dikhati hai, kintu isake charon konon ki burjiyon par sundar naqqashi aur shilp pradarshit hai. badayoon men sultan alauddin khilazi ke parivar ke banavae hue kee maqabare hain.

prachin imaraton

alauddin ne apane jivan ke antim varsh badayoon men hi bitae the. akabar ke darabar ka itihas lekhak abdulaqadir badayoonni yahan anek varshon tak raha tha aur badayoonni ne ise apani ankhon se dekha. badayoonni ka maqabara badayoon ka prasiddh smarak hai. isake atirikt imadulmulk ki daragah (pisanahari ka gumbad) bhi yahan ki prachin imaraton men ullekhaniy hai.

krishi v udyog

badayoon men asapas ke kshetron men chaval, genhoon, jau, bajara aur safed chane ki upaj hoti hai. yahan laghu udyog bhi hain.

shiksha v janasnkhya

yahan hafij muhammad siddiki intar kaaulej hai. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar nagar ki kul janasnkhya 1,48,138 hai aur zile ki kul janasnkhya 30,69,245hai.


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