बिजनौर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bijanaur nagar, pashchimottar uttar pradesh rajy, uttari bharat men, dilli ke poorvottar men gnga nadi ke samip sthit hai. 1801 men is nagar ko british eest indiya knpani men shamil kar liya gaya tha.

itihas

bijanaur gnga nadi ke vamatat par lilavali ghat se tin mil ki doori par ek chhota sa qasba hai. kaha jata hai ki ise vijayasihn ne basaya tha. daranagar aur vidurakuti yahan se 7 mil ki doori par sthit hai. janashrutiyon ke adhar par bijanaur ki prachinata ram ke yug ke sath bhi jodi jati hai, jisaka ekamatr adhar chandapur ke nikat basta men prapt sita ka mndir hai. kaha jata hai ki mndirasthal par hi dharati phati thi aur sitaji usamen sama gee thin. kaha jata hai ki bharat ka pratham raja 'sudas' isi panchal desh ka tha. vidurakuti mahatma vidur ki tapobhoomi rahi hai. buddhakalin bharat men bhi chini yatri hven tsang ne chhah mahine matipura (mndavar) men vyatit kie the. prithviraj chauhan aur jayachnd ki parajay ke bad bharat men turk samrajy ki sthapana huee thi. us samay yah kshetr dilli saltanat ka ek hissa raha tha. tab isaka nam 'katehar kshetr' tha. aurngazeb kattar shasak tha. usake shasanakal men anek vidrohi kendr sthapit hue the. un dinon janapad par afaganon ka adhikar tha. ye afagani afaganistan ke 'roh' kasbe se snbaddh the at: ye afagan rohele kahalae aur unaka shasit kshetr ruhelakhnd kahalaya gaya tha. najibuddaula prasiddh rohela shasak tha, jisane 'pattharagadh ka qila' ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. azadi ki ladaee ke samay sar saiyad ahamad khan yahin par karyarat the. unaki prasiddh pustak 'tarik sarakashi-e-bijanaur' us samay ke itihas par likha gaya mahattvapoorn dastavez hai. prasiddh krantikariyon chndrashekhar azad, pn. ramaprasad bismil, ashafaq ullah khan, roshanasinh ne paijaniya men sharan lekar british sarakar ki ankhon men dhool jhonki thi. kangres dvara ladi gee azadi ki ladaee men bhi janapad ka mahattvapoorn yogadan hai.

in donon sthanon ko mahabharat kalin bataya jata hai. sthaniy janashruti men bijanaur ke nikat gngatatiy van men mahabharat kal men mayadanav ka nivas sthan tha. bhim ki patni hidinba mayadanav ki putri thi aur bhim se usane isi van men vivah kiya tha. yahin ghatotkach ka janm hua tha. nagar ke pashchimant men ek sthan hai jise hidinba aur pita mayadanav ke ishtadev shiv ka prachin devalay kaha jata hai. merath ya mayarashtr bijanaur ke nikat gnga ke us par hai. bijanaur ke ilake ko valmiki ramayan men pralnb nam se abhihit kiya gaya hai. nagar se ath mil door mndavar hai jahan malini nadi ke tat par kalidas ke "abhigyan shakuntalam" natak men varnit kanvashram ki sthiti parnpara se mani jati hai. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki bijanaur ki sthapana raja ben ne ki thi jo pnkhe ya bijan bechakar apana niji kharch chalata tha aur bijan se hi bijanaur ka namakaran hua.

pramukh manadnd

sahity ke kshetr men bijanaur janapad ne kee mahattvapoorn manadnd sthapit kie hain.

  • kalidas ne is janapad men bahane vali malini nadi ko apane prasiddh natak 'abhigyan shakuntalamh' ka adhar banaya tha.
  • akabar ke navaratnon men abul fajal aur faizi ka palan-poshan basta ke pas hua tha.
  • urdoo sahity men bhi bijanaur ka gauravashali sthan raha hai.
  • noor bijanauri jaise vishvaprasiddh shayar isi mitti se paida hue the.
  • maharani viktoriya ke ustad navab shahamat ali bhi mndavar ke nivasi the, jinhonne maharani ko farasi ki talim di thi.
  • snpadakachary pn. rudradatt sharma
  • pn. padmasinh sharma, jinake dvara bihari satasee ki tulanatmak samiksha likhi gee thi.
  • dushynt kumar, jinako hindi-gazalon ka shahnshah kaha jata hai.

ye sab mahanh vyakti bijanaur ki dharati ki hi den hain.

yatayat aur parivahan

gnga nadi ke samip sthit bijanaur sadak aur relamargon se juda hua hai.

krishi aur khanij

bijanaur men krishi pramukh hai. yahan par rabi, kharif, zayad adi ki pramukh fasalen hoti hain, jinamen ganna, gehoon, chaval, moongaphali ki mukhy upaj hoti hain.

udyog aur vyapar

bijanaur krishi utpadon ka vyavasayik kendr hai aur yah dhage banane ke liye bhi jana jata hai. lagabhag 33 pratishat janasnkhya isi men karyarat hai. bijanaur men 58 pratishat janasnkhya krishi udyog se snbndhit hai. any karmakar 37 pratishat hain tatha parivarik udyog men 5 pratishat hai. zile ka uttari kshetr saghan vanon se achchhadit hone ke karan kashth udyog vikasit avastha men milata hai. nazibabad, nahataur, maheshvari, dhamapur adi sthanon par kashth mndiya hain. karagha udyog yahan ka tisara mahattvapoorn gramodyog hai. hathakaraghe se bune hue kapade nahataur ke bazar men bikate hain. pashuon ki adhikata ke karan charm udyog men bhi bahut se log lage hue hain. chamade evn usase nirmit vastuon ke kray-vikray se anek vyakti jivikoparjan karate hain. bijanaur men mitti ke bartan banane ka udyog hota hai jisako kumharagiri ka vyavasay bhi kahate hain, yahan par yah ek prachalit vyavasay hai.

any pramukh laghu udyog

bijanaur men badheegiri, luharagiri, sunaragiri, rngaee-chhapaee, rajagiri, mallahagiri, thathere ka vyavasay, vastron ki silaee ka kam, halavaeegiri, dukanadari, bans ki lakadi se snbndhit udyog, gud-khandasari udyog, bataee, bunaee ka kam, vanaushadhi-sngrah adi vyavasay hote hain.

shikshan snsthan

bijanaur men kee pramukh skool v intar kaaulej hain. isake atirikt do snatakottar mahavidyalay hain. injiniyaring kaaulej, vira injiniyaring kaaulej, faramesi kaaulej, vivek kaaulej aauf tekanikal ezukeshan, 'vivek kaaulej aauf laau' aur 'krishna kaaulej aauf laau' hain. ye yahan ki pramukh shiksha snsthaen hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar bijanaur ki janasnkhya 79,368 hai, bijanaur zile ki kul janasnkhya 31,30,586 hai.

paryatan

bijanaur janapad men anek aitihasik aur sanskritik sthal hain.

kanv ashram

  • yah ek mahattvapoorn sthal hai.
  • arvachin kal men yah kshetr vanon se achchhadit tha.
  • malini aur gnga ke sndhisthal par ravali ke samip kanv muni ka ashram tha, jahan shikar ke lie ae raja dushynt ne shakuntala ke sath gandharv vivah kiya tha.
  • ravali ke pas ab bhi kanv ashram ke smriti-chihn shesh hain.

vidurakuti

  • vidurakuti mahabharat kal ka ek prasiddh sthal hai.
  • aisi manyata hai ki bhagavan krishn jab hastinapur men kauravon ko samajhane-bujhane men asaphal rahe the to ve kauravon ke chhappan bhogon ko thukarakar gnga par karake mahatma vidur ke ashram men ae the aur unhonne yahan bathue ka sag khaya tha.
  • is mndir ke samip bathue ka sag har ritu men upalabdh ho jata hai.

daranagar

  • mahabharat ka yuddh arnbh hone vala tha, tabhi kaurav aur pandavon ke senapatiyon ne mahatma vidur se prarthana ki ki ve unaki patniyon aur bachchon ko apane ashram men sharan pradan karen. apane ashram men sthan ke abhav ke karan vidur ji ne apane ashram ke nikat un sabake lie avas ki vyavastha ki.
  • aj yah sthal 'daranagar' ke nam se jana jata hai.
  • snbhavat: mahilaon ki basti hone ke karan isaka nam daranagar pad gaya.

sendavar

  • chandapur ke nikat sthit ganv 'sendavar' ka snbndh bhi mahabharat kal se joda jata hai, jisaka arth hai sena ka dvar.
  • janashruti hai ki mahabharat ke samay pandavon ne apani chhavani yahin banaee thi.
  • ganv men is samay bhi dronachary ka mndir vidyaman hai.

parasanath ka qila

  • badhapur se lagabhag char kilomitar poorv men lagabhag pachchis ekad kshetr men 'parasanath ka qila' ke khndahar vidyaman hain.
  • in tilon par uge vrikshon aur jhadon ke bich aj bhi sundar naqqashidar shilaen upalabdh hoti hain.
  • is sthan ko dekhane se aisa pratit hota hai ki isake charon or dvar rahe honge.
  • isake charon or bani huee khaee kuchh sthanon par ab bhi dikhaee deti hai.

ajamapur ki pathashala

  • chandapur ke pas basta se lagabhag char kilomitar door ajamapur ganv men akabar ke navaratnon men se do abul fajal aur faizi ka janm hua tha.
  • abul fajal aur faizi ne isi ganv ki pathashala men shiksha prapt ki thi.
  • abul fajal aur faizi ki buddhimatta ke karan log aj bhi pathashala ke bhavan ki mitti ko apane sath le jate hain.
  • aisa vishvas hai ki is skool ki mitti chatane se mndabuddhi balak bhi buddhiman ho jate hain.

mayoor dhvaj durg

  • chini yatri hven tsang ke anusar janapad men bauddh dharm ka bhi prabhav tha.
  • isaka praman 'mayoor dhvaj durg' ki khudaee se mila hai.
  • ye durg bhagavan krishn ke samakalin samrat mayoor dhvaj ne nazibabad tahasil ke antargat japhara ganv ke pas banavaya tha.
  • gadhaval vishvavidyalay ke puratattv vibhag ne bhi is durg ki khudaee ki thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

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