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faizi
poora nam shekh abu al faiz
janm 20 sitambar, 1547
janm bhoomi agara
mrityu tithi 15 aktoobar, 1595
mrityu sthan lahaur
pita/mata pita- shekh mubaraq nagauri
prasiddhi farasi vidvan tatha kavi
sanbandhit lekh mugal kal, mugal vansh, akabar, akabar ke navaratn, abul fazal
any janakari faizi akabar ke navaratnoan mean se ek tha, jisaka mugal samrajy mean bahut man-samman tha. vah abul fazal ka b da bhaee tha.

faizi (poora nam- shekh abu al faiz, janm- 20 sitambar, 1547, agara; 15 aktoobar, 1595, lahaur) madhyakalin bharat ka ek vidvanh sahityakar aur farasi ka prasiddh kavi tha. vah akabar ke navaratnoan mean se ek tha, jisaka mugal samrajy mean bahut man-samman tha.

parichay

akabari darabar ke mahan ratn faizi apane samay ke svatantr vicharak shekh mubaraq nagauri ke putr aur abul fajal ke b de bhaee the. faizi ka poora nam shekh abu al faiz tha. faizi ka pita shekh mubaraq nagauri siandh pradesh ke sistan, sahavan ke pas ek siandhi, shekh moosa ki pidhi se sambandh rakhata the. shekh nagauri sabhi logoan se samanata ka vyavahar karate the. unhoanne shiya aur sunni mean kabhi koee bhed nahian kiya.

agara ke ek mamooli hasti ke parivar mean faizi aur abul fajal ka janm hua. faizi ka janm 20 sitambar, 1547 ko hua tha. unhoanne apani shiksha kafi had tak apane pita shekh nagauri se hi prapt ki thi. apani asadharan yogyata ke bal par hi donoan bhaiyoan ne akabar ke ratnoan aur mantriyoan mean sthan paya. bap aur bete akabar ke 'din-e-ilahi' mean dikshit hue the. kattar musalaman akabar ke sath-sath in faizi aur abul fajal bandhuoan ko bhi kafir manate the. isamean sandeh nahian ki akabar ko dharmik pakshapat se oopar uthane mean in donoan bhaiyoan ka bahut b da hath tha.

akabar se mulaqat

1567 ee. mean faizi pahali bar akabar se mila tha. akabar ne pahale se hi faizi ke bare mean bahut sun rakha tha, isilie usane faizi ki apane darabar mean bahut avabhagat ki. samrat akabar ne faizi ko ganit ke shikshak ke roop mean apane bete ke lie niyukt kiya tha. 27 joon, 1579 ko pahali bar akabar ne pulapit par kh de hokar jo khutaba padha tha, usaki rachana faizi ne hi ki thi. isake bad hi akabar ne naye dharm ka pravartan kiya tha, jo ki 'din-e-ilahi' ke nam se vikhyat hua. 1591 ee. mean akabar ne faizi ko khanadesh aur ahamadanagar apana doot banakar bheja. vah khanadesh ko adhin karane mean saphal hua, lekin ahamadanagar mean use saphalata nahian prapt huee. is prakar raj dautyakarm mean use aanshik saphalata prapt huee.

mahan kavi

faizi ki ganana pharasi ke mahan kaviyoan mean hoti thi. unake 'divan' mean nau hazar panktiyaan haian. faizi ke kaside akabar ko bahut priy the. faizi sanskrit bhasha bhi janate the. unhoanne bhaskarachary ki ganit ki pustak lilavati ka farasi mean anuvad kiya tha.

hamare desh mean nal damayanti ka akhyan bahut prasiddh hai. ‘nalopakhyan’ mean yah katha milati hai. is akhyan ke adhar par trivikim ne ‘nal champoo’ aur shriharsh ne apane ‘naishadh’ kavy ki rachana ki thi. akabar ko yah akhyan bahut pasand aya. usane is akhyan par farasi mean kavy rachane ka faizi se agrah kiya. faizi ne paanch mahine mean is kathanak par pharasi mean ‘nal daman’ nam se ek kavy likha. faizi ne aur bhi kee granth likhe the.[1]

nidhan

faizi ki mrityu 15 aktoobar, 1595 ko lahaur mean ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. bharat itihas sanskriti aur vijnan |lekhak: gunakar mule |prakashak: rajakamal prakashan |prishth sankhya: 250 |

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