फ़ैज़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

faizi
faizi
poora nam shekh abu al faiz
janm 20 sitambar, 1547
janm bhoomi agara
mrityu tithi 15 aktoobar, 1595
mrityu sthan lahaur
pita/mata pita- shekh mubaraq nagauri
prasiddhi farasi vidvan tatha kavi
snbndhit lekh mugal kal, mugal vnsh, akabar, akabar ke navaratn, abul fazal
any janakari faizi akabar ke navaratnon men se ek tha, jisaka mugal samrajy men bahut man-samman tha. vah abul fazal ka bada bhaee tha.

faizi (poora nam- shekh abu al faiz, janm- 20 sitambar, 1547, agara; 15 aktoobar, 1595, lahaur) madhyakalin bharat ka ek vidvanh sahityakar aur farasi ka prasiddh kavi tha. vah akabar ke navaratnon men se ek tha, jisaka mugal samrajy men bahut man-samman tha.

parichay

akabari darabar ke mahan ratn faizi apane samay ke svatntr vicharak shekh mubaraq nagauri ke putr aur abul fajal ke bade bhaee the. faizi ka poora nam shekh abu al faiz tha. faizi ka pita shekh mubaraq nagauri sindh pradesh ke sistan, sahavan ke pas ek sindhi, shekh moosa ki pidhi se sambandh rakhata the. shekh nagauri sabhi logon se samanata ka vyavahar karate the. unhonne shiya aur sunni men kabhi koee bhed nahin kiya.

agara ke ek mamooli hasti ke parivar men faizi aur abul fajal ka janm hua. faizi ka janm 20 sitambar, 1547 ko hua tha. unhonne apani shiksha kafi had tak apane pita shekh nagauri se hi prapt ki thi. apani asadharan yogyata ke bal par hi donon bhaiyon ne akabar ke ratnon aur mntriyon men sthan paya. bap aur bete akabar ke 'din-e-ilahi' men dikshit hue the. kattar musalaman akabar ke sath-sath in faizi aur abul fajal bndhuon ko bhi kafir manate the. isamen sandeh nahin ki akabar ko dharmik pakshapat se oopar uthane men in donon bhaiyon ka bahut bada hath tha.

akabar se mulaqat

1567 ee. men faizi pahali bar akabar se mila tha. akabar ne pahale se hi faizi ke bare men bahut sun rakha tha, isilie usane faizi ki apane darabar men bahut avabhagat ki. samrat akabar ne faizi ko ganit ke shikshak ke roop men apane bete ke lie niyukt kiya tha. 27 joon, 1579 ko pahali bar akabar ne pulapit par khade hokar jo khutaba padha tha, usaki rachana faizi ne hi ki thi. isake bad hi akabar ne naye dharm ka pravartan kiya tha, jo ki 'din-e-ilahi' ke nam se vikhyat hua. 1591 ee. men akabar ne faizi ko khanadesh aur ahamadanagar apana doot banakar bheja. vah khanadesh ko adhin karane men saphal hua, lekin ahamadanagar men use saphalata nahin prapt huee. is prakar raj dautyakarm men use anshik saphalata prapt huee.

mahan kavi

faizi ki ganana pharasi ke mahan kaviyon men hoti thi. unake 'divan' men nau hazar pnktiyan hain. faizi ke kaside akabar ko bahut priy the. faizi snskrit bhasha bhi janate the. unhonne bhaskarachary ki ganit ki pustak lilavati ka farasi men anuvad kiya tha.

hamare desh men nal damayanti ka akhyan bahut prasiddh hai. ‘nalopakhyan’ men yah katha milati hai. is akhyan ke adhar par trivikim ne ‘nal champoo’ aur shriharsh ne apane ‘naishadh’ kavy ki rachana ki thi. akabar ko yah akhyan bahut pasnd aya. usane is akhyan par farasi men kavy rachane ka faizi se agrah kiya. faizi ne panch mahine men is kathanak par pharasi men ‘nal daman’ nam se ek kavy likha. faizi ne aur bhi kee grnth likhe the.[1]

nidhan

faizi ki mrityu 15 aktoobar, 1595 ko lahaur men ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat itihas snskriti aur vigyan |lekhak: gunakar mule |prakashak: rajakamal prakashan |prishth snkhya: 250 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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