जैनुल अबादीन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jainul abadin
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poora nam jainul abadin
mrityu tithi 1470 ee.
dharmik manyata islam
rajyabhishek 1420 ee.
sudhar-parivartan abadin ne 'jaziya kar' hataya aur rajy men gay ka vadh nishiddh kar diya. usake prashasan men anek hinduon ko oonche pad prapt the.
shasan kal 1420-1470 ee.
snbndhit lekh kashmir,
vishesh jainul abadin ko kashmiri abhi bhi 'badashah' (mahan sultan) ke nam se pukarate hain. vah 'kutub' upanam se farasi men kavitaen bhi likha karata tha.
bhasha gyan farasi, kashmiri, snskrit aur tibbati
any janakari abadin ko usake dvara kiye ge janapiy karyon ke karan kashmir ka akabar kaha jata hai. mooly niyntran ki paddhati chalane ke karan hi use kashmir ka alauddin khilaji bhi kaha gaya hai.

jainul abadin (1420-1470 ee.) alishah ka bhaee aur kashmir ka sultan tha. sabhi dharmon ke prati sahishnuta ka bhav rakhane v apane achchhe karyon ke karan hi use 'kashmir ka akabar' kaha jata hai. apane shasan ke dauran isane hinduon ko poorn dharmik svatntrata pradan ki thi. jainul abadin ne hinduon ke toote hue mndiron ka punarnirman, gayon ki suraksha aur sati hone par lage pratibandh ko hataya aur rajy men ek behatar shasan vyavastha lagoo ki.

udar vyaktitv

jainul abadin ne any kshetron men bhi sahishnuta ki udar niti apanaee. usane jaziya kar hata diya. gay ka vadh nishiddh kar diya, hinduon ki bhavanaon ka adar karate hue sati pratha par se pratibandh hata liya. usake prashasan men anek hinduon ko oonche pad prapt the. shriy bhatt usaka nyayamntri aur darabari chikitsak tha. usaki pahali do raniyan hindoo thin. ye donon jammoo ke raja ki kanyaen thin. usake char putr unhin se the. usane un donon ki mrityu ke pashchath tisari shadi ki.

pratibha sampann

sultan svayn ek vidvanh vyakti tha aur kavita karata tha. vah farasi, kashmiri, snskrit aur tibbati bhashaen bhali-bhanti janata tha. vah snskrit aur farasi vidvanon ko snrakshan deta tha. usake snket par mahabharat jaise anek snskrit grnthon ka tatha kalhan ke 'kashmir ke itihas' (rajatarngini) ka farasi men anuvad hua. vah sngit premi tha. gvaliyar ke raja ne usake sngit prem ke vishay men sunakar use do durlabh snskrit sngit grnth bhent men bheje the.

arthik unnati

sultan ne kashmir ki arthik unnati par bhi dhyan diya. usane do adamiyon ko kagaz banane tatha jildasazi ki kala sikhane ke lie samaraknd bheja. usane kashmir men kee kalaon ko protsahan diya. jaise patthar tarashana aur us par palish karana, botalen banana, svarn-patr banana ityadi. sambhavatah usi ne tibbat se shal banane ki kala ka ayat kiya, jisake lie kashmir aj tak prasiddh hai. dasti bndook banane aur atishabazi banane ki kala ka bhi vahan vikas hua. sultan ne kafi snkhya men bandh aur pul banavakar krishi ko vikasit kiya. vah utsahi nirmata tha. usaki sabase badi abhiyatra ki upalabdhi jaina ka lnka ka nirman hai, jo vular jhil men nakali tapoo ke roop men hai. yahin usane apana mahal aur masjid banavaee.

yash prapti

jainul abadin ko kashmiri abhi bhi 'badashah' (mahan sultan) ke nam se pukarate hain. yadyapi vah mahanh yoddha nahin tha, phir bhi usane laddakh par mngol akraman ko viphal kiya tha. usane balatistan kshetr (jise tibbat-e-khurd kaha jata hai) ko vijit kiya, tatha jammoo aur rajauri par apana adhikar banaye rakha. is prakar usane kashmir rajy ko ekata ke sootr men piroya. jainul abadin ka yash door-door tak phail gaya tha. usane bharat ke any bade shasakon tatha eshiya ke bade shasakon se sampark banaye rakha.

abadin ne apane shasan kal men anek janapriy kary kie the. apane inhin karyon ke karan use 'kashmir ka akabar' kaha jata hai. mooly niyntran ki paddhati chalane ke karan hi use 'kashmir ka alauddin khilaji' bhi kaha gaya hai. abadin ki 1470 ee. men mrityu ho gee. vah kashmiri, farasi, arabi aur snskrit bhashaon ka vidvanh tha. vah 'kutub upanam' se farasi men kavitaen bhi likha karata tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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