ग़ज़नवी वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gazanavi vnsh (977-1186 ee.), khurasan (poorvottar eeran), afaganistan aur uttar bharat men shasan karane vala ek turk vnsh. is vnsh ki sthapana subuktagin (shasanakal, 977-997 ee.) ne ki thi. subuktagin bhootapoorv turk gulam tha. use 'samani'[1] 'gazana'[2] ka soobedar manate the. samani vnsh ke kamazor hone par subuktagin ne apani sthiti sudridh kar li aur bharatiy sima tak apane kshetr ka vistan kar liya. usake putr mahamood gazanavi (shasanakal, 998-1030 ee.) ne pita ke saman hi vistaravadi niti jari rakhi.

mahamood dvara samrajy vistar

1005 ee. tak samani kshetr bnt chuke the. samani samrajy ke do uttaradhikari rajyon ke bich aauksas nadi sima ka kam karati thi, jisake pashchim men 'gazanavi' aur poorv men 'kvarakhani' shasan karate the. mahamood gazanavi ke shasanakal ke dauran gazanavi shakti apane charam tak pahunch chuki thi. samrajy aauksas[3] se sindhu ghati v hind mahasagar tak phaila tha. mahamood ne apane vijay abhiyanon se pashchim men eerani nagaron, 'ray' aur 'hamadan' ko buyidon se chhin liya. mahamood ek dharmanishth muslim tha, jisane gazanaviyon ko unake moortipoojak turk mool se islami vnsh men tabdil kar diya tha aur islam ki simaon ka vistar kiya.[4]

firadausi

farasi bhasha ke kavi firadausi (mrityu-1020 ee.) ne mahamood gazanavi ke darabar men lagabhag 1010 ee. men apane mahakavy 'shahanama'[5] ko poora kiya tha.

masood ki parajay

mahamood gazanavi ka putr masood gazanavi[6] (shasanakal,1031-1041 ee.) apani satta aur gazanavi samrajy ki akhndata ko banae rakhane men nakamayab raha. khurasan aur khvarizm men seljuq turkon ne gazanavi satta ko chunauti di. dndaqan ke yuddh (1040 ee.) men masood ki qarari har huee aur eeran v madhy eshiya ke sabhi gazanavi kshetron par seljuqon ka adhikar ho gaya. gazanaviyon ke pas keval poorvi afaganistan aur uttari bharat ka hi kshetr bacha rah saka, jin par 1186 ee. tak ve shasan karate rahe. usake bad lahaur par guriyon ka qabza ho gaya.

gazanavi kala

gazanavi kala ke bahut kam ansh aj maujood hain, lekin yah kal eeran men seljuq turkon aur bharat men islami kala par apane prabhav ke lie mahattvapoorn hai. gazanaviyon ne afaganistan men 'qalh-e-bast' ke uttar men helamnd nadi ke pathar par, lashkari gah ke nazadik lashkari bazar ke mahal men pahali bar 'char aivan' shilp yojana shuroo ki thi. 'aivan' ek meharabadar sabhagar hota hai, jo tin taraf se bnd aur chauthi taraf angan men khulata hai. char aivanon se ghire angan ki shaili seljuq masjid vastukala ka pramukh lakshan rahi aur faras men taimoori v safavi kalon tak barabar chalati rahi.[4]

vijay minar

masood tritiy dvara nirmit 'vijay minar', jisaka nirman 1099-1115 ee. men kiya gaya tha, seljuq turb ya maqabare ki minar ki poorvavarti hai. isaki do mool mnzilon men se aj maujood ek mnzil par alnkrit abhilekh hain. lashkari bazar sthit mahal ki khudaee se aise chitrankan mile hain, jinaki shaili arnbhik seljuq kalakritiyon se milati-julati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ek eerani muslim
  2. adhunik gazani, afaganistan
  3. adhunik amu dariya
  4. 4.0 4.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 41 |
  5. rajaon ki gatha
  6. kuchh itihasakaron ke anusar mahamood ka bhatija

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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