बैरम ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bairam khan humayoon ka sahayogi tatha usake nabalig putr akabar ka vali athava snrakshak tha. vah badashah humayoon ka param mitr tatha sahayogi bhi tha. apane samast jivan men bairam khan ne mugal samrajy ki bahut seva ki thi. humayoon ko usaka rajy phir se hasil karane tatha kitane hi yuddhon men use vijit karane men bairam khan ka bahut bada hath tha. akabar ko bhi bharat ka samrat banane ke lie bairam khan ne asnkhy yuddh kie aur hemoo jaise shaktishali raja ko harakar bharat men mugal samrajy ki sthapana men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. mugal samrajy men akabar ki doodhamata maham anaga hi thi, jo bairam khan ke viruddh sazish karati rahati thi. ye inhin sazishon ka natija tha ki bairam ko haj ke lie adesh diya gaya, jahan 1561 ee. men usaki hatya kar di gee.

vnsh parichay

bairam khan ka sambandh tooran (madhy eshiya) ki turkaman jati se tha. haidarabad ke nizam bhi turkaman the. itihasakar kasim farishta ke anusar vah eeran ke karakuilu turkamanon ke baharalu shakha se sambaddh tha. alishakar beg turkaman taimoor ke prasiddh saradaron men se ek tha, jise hamadan, dinavar, khujistan adi par shasak niyukt kiya gaya tha. alishakar ki santanon men sherali beg hua. taimoori shah husen bayakara ke bad jab tooran men saltanat barabad huee, to sherali kabul ki taraph bhagy pariksha karane ke lie aya. usaka beta yarali aur pota saiphali afaganistan chale aye. yarali ko babar ne gazani ka hakim niyukt kiya. thode hi dinon ke bad usake marane par bete saiphali ko vahin darja mila. vah bhi jaldi hi mar gaya. alp vayask bairam apane gharavalon ke sath balkh chala gaya.

humayoon se mitrata

balkh men vah kuchh dinon tak padhata-likhata raha. phir vah samavayask shahazada humayoon ka naukar aur bad men usaka mitr ho gaya. bairam khan ko sahity aur sngit se bhi bahut prem tha. vah jaldi hi apane svami ka atyant priy ho gaya tha. 16 varsh ki ayu men hi ek ladaee men bairam khan ne bahut virata dikhaee, usaki khyati babar tak pahunch gee, tab babar ne khud usase kaha : shahazada ke sath darabar men hajir karo. babar ke marane ke bad vah humayoon badashah ki chhaya ke taur par rahane laga. humayoon ne chanpaner (gujarat) ke qile par ghera dala. kisi tarah se dal galati n dekhakar chalis mugal bahadur sidhiyon ke sath qile men utar ge, jinamen bairam khan bhi tha. qila fatah kar liya gaya. sherashah se chausa men ladate vaqt bairam khan bhi sath hi tha. kannauj men bhi vah lada. in sabhi ghatanaon ne humayoon aur bairam khan ko ek atoot mitrata men bandh diya tha.

jivan dan

kannauj ki ladaee men parajay ke bad mugal sena men jisaki sing jidhar samaee, vah udhar bhaga. bairam khan apane purane dost sambhal ke miyan abdul vahab ke pas pahuncha. phir lakhanoo ke raja mitrasen ke pas jngalon men din guzarata raha. sherashahi hakim nasir khan ko pata laga. usane bairam khan ko pakad mngavaya. nasir khan chahata tha ki bairam khan ko katl kar den, par doston ki koshish se bairam khan kisi prakar se bach gaya. ant men use sherashah ke samane hajir hona pada, jisane ek mamooli mugal saradar ko mahatv n dekar use maph kar diya aur jivan dan de diya.

kndhar ke hakim ka pad

bairam khan phir se gujarat ke sultan mahamood ke pas gaya, par use apane svami se milane ki dhun thi. jab hijari 950 (1543-1544 ee.) men humayoon eeran se lautakar kabul lete sindh ki or badha, to bairam khan apane adamiyon ke sath humayoon ki or se ladane laga. humayoon ko isaki khabar lagi to usaki khushi ka thikana nahin raha. hindustan men saphalata milane vali nahin thi, isalie humayoon ne eeran ka rasta kiya. bairam khan bhi usake sath tha. shahi kaphile men kul milakar sattar adami se zyada nahin the. eeran se lautakar humayoon ne kndhar ko ghera. usane chaha, bhaee kamaran ko samajha-bujhakar khoon-kharaba roka jae. use samajhane ke lie humayoon ne bairam khan ko kabul bheja, lekin vah kahan hone vala tha. kndhar par adhikar karake bairam khan ko vahan ka hakim niyukt kiya gaya. kndhar vijay ke bare men humayoon ne svayn kaha-

“roj nauroj bairam’st imaroj”.
dile ahabab begam’st imaroj.
(aj navavarsh din bairam hai. aj mitron ke dil bephikar hain.

khanakhana ki upadhi

jab humayoon hindustan ki or badhate samay sataluj nadi ke kinare machhivada pahuncha tha, tab pata laga doosari par bejavada men tis hazar pathan dera dale pade hain. pathan lakadi jalakar tap rahe the. rat ko raushani ne lakshy batalane men sahayata ki. apane ek hazar savaron ke sath bairam khan unake oopar toot pada. dushman ki snkhya ka unako pata nahin tha. tiron ki varsha se pathan ghabara ge. ve apana sara mal vahin par chhodakar bhag ge. isi vijay ke upalakshy men humayoon ne use ‘khanakhana’ ki upadhi pradan ki. tardibeg bairam khan ka pratidvandvi tha, lekin hemoo se harakar bhagane ke samay bairam khan ko mauqa mil gaya aur usane is kante ko nikal bahar kiya. akabar ke gaddi par baithane ke din abul masani ne kuchh gadabadi karani chahi thi, lekin bairam khan ne jaisi khoobasoorati se is gutthi ko sulajhaya, vah usaka hi kam tha. hemachandr (hemoo) se parajit hokar mugal amir nirash ho chuke the. vah kabul laut jana chahate the, par bairam khan ne unhen rok diya.

sazish

akabar ki doodhamata maham anaga nity hi bairam khan ke khilaf sazishen rachati rahati thi. mugal darabar men maham anaga ka ek samooh tha, jo hamesha hi bairam ko nicha dikhane men laga rahata tha. hijari 961 (1553-1554 ee.) men in logon ne chugali lagaee ki bairam khan svatntr hona chahata hai, lekin bairam khan namak-haram nahin tha. humayoon ek din jab svayn kndhar pahuncha tha, tab bairam khan ne bahut chaha ki badashah use apane sath le chale, lekin kndhar bhi ek bahut mahattvapoorn sthan tha, jisake lie bairam khan se badhakar achchha shasak nahin mil sakata tha. akabar ke zamane men bhi bahut dinon tak kndhar bairam khan ke shasan men hi raha, usaka nayab shah muhammad kndhari usaki or se kam karata tha.

akabar ka snrakshak

1556 ee. men humayoon ki mrityu ho gee. humayoon ke marane par akabar ki saltanat ka bhar bairam khan ke oopar hi tha. khanakhana ki yogyata aur prabhav ko dekhakar marane se thoda pahale humayoon ne apani bhanji salima sultan begam ki shadi bairam khan se nishchit kar di thi. humayoon ne bairam khan ko akabar ka snrakshak niyukt kar diya tha. bairam khan ne akabar ko humayoon ka uttaradhikari tatha badashah ghoshit kar diya, lekin shighr hi dilli usake hath se nikal gee. bairam khan ke senapatitv men hi 1556 ee. men panipat ki doosari ladaee men akabar ki vijay huee aur dilli ke takht par usaka adhikar ho gaya. isake bad char varsh bad tak bairam khan akabar ka snrakshak raha aur is avadhi men mugal senaon ne gvaliyar, ajamer aur jaunapur rajyon ko jitakar mugal samrajy men shamil kar liya.

akabar ka adesh

bairam khan ne malava ko jitane ki taiyariyan bhi shuroo kar di thin. parantu is bich bahut se darabari aur svayn akabar usake viruddh ho chuka tha. akabar 18 varsh ka ho chuka tha aur usake hath ki kathaputali banakar nahin rahana chahata tha. is samay tak akabar poori tarah se hosh sambhal chuka tha. vah khanakhana ke hath ki kathaputali banakar nahin rahana chahata tha. udhar bairam khan ne bhi apane ap ko sarvesarva bana liya tha. isake karan usake dushmanon ki snkhya badh gee thi. darabar men ek-doosare ke khoon ke pyase do dal ban ge the. jinamen se virodhi dal ke sir par akabar ka hath tha. bairam khan ki talavar aur rajaniti ne ant men har khaee. vah pakadakar akabar ke samane upasthit kiya gaya. akabar ne kaha, 'khanababa ab apake samane tin hi raste hain, jo bhi apako pasand ho, use ap svikar karo:-

  1. yadi ap rajakaj chahate ho, to chnderi aur kalapi ke zile apako mil sakate hain. ap vahan jaie aur hukoomat kijie.
  2. yadi apako darabari rahana pasand hai, to mere pas rahie. apaka darja aur samman pahale jaisa hi rahega.
  3. yadi ap haj yatra par jana chahate hain, to usaka prabandh kiya ja sakata hai.

bairam khan ki hatya

khanakhana (bairam khan) ne tisari bat mnzoor kar li. haj ke lie jahaz pakadane vah samudr ki or jata hua, patan (gujarat) men pahuncha. janavari, 1561 men vah vishal sahasalng sarovar men nav par sair kar raha tha. sham ki namaz ka vaqt a gaya. khanakhana kinare par utara. isi samay mubarak khan lohani tis-chalis pathanon ke sath mulakat karane ke bahane vahan a gaya. bairam khan hath milane ke lie age badha. lohani ne pith men khnjar marakar chhati ke par kar diya. khanakhana vahin girakar tadapane laga. lohani ne kaha-machhivada men tumane mere bap ko mara tha, usi ka badala aj hamane le liya.

bairam khan ka beta aur bhivi hindi ka mahanh kavi abdurrahim us samay char sal ka tha. akabar ko maloom hua to usane khanakhana ki begamon ko dilli bulavaya. bairam khan ki bibi tatha apani phoophi (gularukh begam) ki ladaki salima sultan ke sath svayn vivah karake bairam khan ke parivar ke sath ghanishthata sthapit ki. salima banoo akabar ki bahut prabhavashali begamon men se thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah