हुलेगु ख़ान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hulegu khan athava halakoo khan (janm- march, 1217; mrityu- 8 faravari, 1265) 'ilakhani samrajy' ka snsthapak aur chngez khan ka pota tha. chngez khan ki tarah hulegu bhi ek mngol shasak tha, jisane eeran samet dakshin-pashchim eshiya ke any bade hisson par kroor akraman karake madhy eshiya men thode samay men hi vijay prapt ki aur 'ilakhani samrajy' sthapit kiya. yah samrajy mngol samrajy ka ek bhag tha. hulegu khan ke netritv men mngolon ne islam ke sabase shaktishali kendr bagadad ko tabah kar diya tha. eeran sahit arab mulkon par adhikar islam ke ubharane ke lagabhag turnt bad ho chuka tha aur tab se vahan ke sabhi vidvan arabi bhasha men hi likha karate the.

janm tatha parivarik parichay

hulegu khan ki anumanit janm tithi march, 1217 eesvi thi. parivarik itihas ke anusar hulegu khan mngol samrajy ke snsthapak chngez khan ka pota aur usake chauthe putr tolui khan ka putr tha. hulegu ki mata soragogatani beki (tolui khan ki patni) ne use aur usake bhaiyon ko bahut nipunata se pala tha aur unaki paravarish ki thi. usane paristhitiyon par aisa niyntran rakha ki hulegu bachapan men hi ek bada ladakoo aur khataranak yoddha ban gaya. age chalakar usane apane balaboote par mngolon ka chin aur roos sahit kirgistan, uzbekistan, eeran, aur afaganistan tak ek bada samrajy sthapit kiya. hulegu khan ki patni dokuj khatoon ek nestoriyaee eesaee thi. hulegu ke 'ilakhani samrajy' men bauddh aur eesaee dharm ko badhava diya jata tha. usaki patni dokuj khatoon ne bahut koshish ki ki hulegu bhi eesaee ban jae, lekin vah ant tak bauddh dharm ka anuyayi hi raha.[1]

bagadad par akraman

hulegu khan ki sena ne bagadad ka vinash navambar, 1257 men kiya, jab eerak men hulegu khan ki 10 lakh mngol phauj ne bagadad ki taraf kooch kiya. yahan se khalifa apana islami raj chalate the. yahan pahunchakar hulegu khan ne apani sena ko poorvi aur pashchimi hisson men banta, jo shahar se gujarane vali 'dajala nadi'[2] ke donon kinaron par akraman kar sake. 29 janavari, 1258 men mngolon ne bagadad par ghera dala aur 5 faravari tak usaki sena shahar ki rakshak divar ke ek hisse par adhikar jama chuki thi. khalifa ne hathiyar dalane ki bat par vichar kiya, lekin mngolon ne bat karane se inakar kar diya aur 13 faravari ko bagadad shahar men ghus ae. usake bad ek hafte tak unhonne vahan lootamar karate rahe. bagadad ke nagarikon aur vyapariyon ko loota gaya. jin nagarikon ne bhagane ki koshish ki, unhen bhi rokakar mara gaya.[1]

pustakalay ka vinash

us samay bagadad men ek mahanh pustakalay hua karata tha, jisamen khagolashastr se lekar chikitsashastr tak har vishay par anaginat dastavej aur kitaben thin. mngolon ne sabhi uthakar nadi men phenk die. jo sharanarthi bachakar vahan se nikale unhonne bad men bataya ki phenki geen hazaron-lakhon kitabon ki syahi se dajala ka pani kala ho gaya tha. mahal, masjiden, haspatal aur any mahanh imaraten jala di geen. yahan marane valon ki snkhya kam-se-kam ek lakh bataee jati hai.

mrityu

bad men yoorop se ane vale yatri marko polo ke anusar arab ke khalifa ko bhookha-pyasa mara gaya. lekin usase adhik vishvasaniy bat yah hai ki mngol aur muslim sroton ke anusar use ek kalin men lapet diya gaya aur usake oopar se tab tak ghode daudae ge, jab tak usane dam nahin tod diya. arab deshon par adhikar karane ke bad san 1260 men hulegu khan ne bharat par akraman ki bhi yojana banaee thi, lekin bhari-bharakam phauj ko lambe raste tay karane ki kathinaee ke karan aur uttar bharat ke mausam ki mar ke chalate hulegu khan raste men hi bimari ka shikar ho gaya aur svasthy labh ke lie vapas mngoliya laut gaya. vapas lautakar rahasyamay dhng se 1265 men usaki maut ho gee


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 darinde jinase itihas kanpata tha (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 06 janavari, 2014.
  2. taigris nadi

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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