बख़्तियार ख़िलजी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madhh‍yakal men muslim shasakon ka is kshetr par adhikar raha. bihar par sabase pahale vijay pane vala muslim shasak 'mohamh‍mad bin bakhtiyar khilaji' tha. 12vin shati men bakhtiyar khilaji ke akraman se nalanda vishh‍vavidyalay nasht ho gaya tha. poorv men turk adhik saphal rahe. ek khilaji adhikari, bakhtiyar khilaji, jisake chacha ne tarain ki ladaee men bhag liya tha, banaras ke par kuchh kshetron ka shasak hua. usane is bat ka labh uthaya aur bihar men kee akraman kie. bihar men abhi koee shaktishali raja nahin tha. in akramanon ke dauran usane nalanda aur vikramashila jaise bauddh mathon ko dhvns kar diya. in bauddh snsthanon ko ab snrakshan dene vala koee nahin tha. bakhtiyar khilaji ne kafi sampatti aur isake sath samarthakon ko bhi ikattha kar liya. in akramanon ke dauran usane bngal ke marg ke bare men bhi soochana ikatthi ki. bngal apane atirikt antarik sadhanon aur videshi vyapar ke karan apani sampatti ke lie prasiddh tha.

bngal ki or kooch

kafi taiyariyan karane ke bad bakhtiyar khilaji ne apani sena ke sath bngal ke sen rajaon ki rajadhani 'nadiya' ki or kooch kiya. bahut chori chhipe aur ghodon ke vyapari ke roop men usane apane attharah sainikon ke sath nadiya men pravesh kiya. us par kisi ne sndeh nahin kiya kyonki un dinon turki ghode vyapariyon ka dekha jana am bat thi. mahal tak pahunchane ke bad bakhtiyar khilaji ne ekaek dhava bol diya aur charon taraph khalabali mach gee. 'lakshman sen' apani virata ke lie prasiddh tha. lekin is achanak hamale se vah ghabara sa gaya. yah sochakar ki poori turki sena hi a gee hai, usane pichhale daravaze se bhagakar sonaraganv men sharan li. turki sena sach men hi kahin nazadik rahi hogi kyonki vah jaldi hi vahan chali aee aur mahal ko apane qabze men kar liya. lakshman sen ki sari sampatti yahan tak ki usaki patniyan tatha bachchon ko bhi qabze men kar liya gaya. ye ghatanaen 1204 ee. ke as pas huee.

akraman

bihar aur bngal men vijayi hone ke bad bakhtiyar khilaji ki akankshaen bahut badh geen. 10 hazar ghudasavaron ki sena lekar vah asam ke raste tibbat ki or badha gaya. vahan jis rajy ki sena se usaka samana hua, usamen bakhtiyar ki fauj tik nahin saki. 10 hazar ghudasavaron men se bache hue keval 200 ghudasavar lekar use pichhe lautana pada.

rajadhani

us kshetr ki badi nadiyon ke karan bakhtiyar khilaji ko 'nadiya' par adhikar banae rakhana mushkil ho gaya. is karan vah pichhe hat gaya aur uttar bngal men 'lakhanauti' ko apani rajadhani banaya. lakshaman sen aur usake uttaradhikari sonaraganv se dakshin bngal par shasan karate rahe. yadyapi bakhtiyar khilaji aupacharik roop se muijjuddin dvara bngal ka prashasak niyukt kiya gaya tha parantu vastav men vah svatntr shasak ke roop men rajy karata raha, lekin usaki sthiti bahut dinon tak mazaboot nahin rah saki. usane asam men brahmaputr ghati par akraman karane ki moorkhata ki. lekhakon ka kahana hai ki vah tibbat tak jana chahata tha. asam ke magh shasak pichhe hatate ge aur turki sena ko andar ane ka rasta dete ge. ant men thakan se choor ho ge, phir vapas lautane ka nishchay kar liya, lekin ab unhen kahin se rasad nahin mil saki aur asam ki sena rah-rah kar un par hamale karati rahi. bhookh, pyas aur bimari se poori sena kamazor ho gee thi aur aisi sthiti men unhen yuddh karana pada. yuddh ke samay unake samane ek chaudi nadi thi aur pichhe asam ki sena. turki sena poornatah parajit huee.

bakhtiyar ki hatya

bakhtiyar khilaji svayn apane kuchh sainikon ke sath pahadi qabilon ki sahayata se jan bachakar vapas lautane men saphal ho gaya. lekin ab usaka utsah khatm ho chuka tha, svasthy gir chuka tha aur aisi dasha men usake ek amir ne usako sote hue men chhura ghonpakar usaki hatya kar di.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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