राजपूताना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajapootana ya rajavada bhi kahalata hai. ye prarambh men gurjaro ka desh tha tatha gurjaratra (gurjaro se rakshit desh), gurjaradesh, gurjaradhara adi namon se jana jata tha.[1]gurjaron ka samrajy yahan 12vin sadi tak raha hai.[2]gurjaron ke bad yaha rajapooton ki rajanitik satta ayi tatha britishakal men yah rajapootana (rajapooton ka desh) nam se jane jana laga. [3]is pradesh ka adhunik nam rajasthan hai, jo uttar bharat ke pashchimi bhag men aravali ki pahadiyon ke donon or phaila hua hai. isaka adhikansh bhag marusthal hai. yahan varsha atyalp aur vah bhi vibhinn kshetron men asaman roop se hoti hai. yah mukhyat: vartaman rajasthan rajy ki bhootapoorv riyasaton ka samooh hai, jo bharat ka ek mahattvapoorn hissa hai.

bhaugolik sthiti

3,43,328 varg kilomitar kshetraphal vale is ilaqe ke do bhaugolik khand hain, aravali parvat shrinkhala ka pashchimottar kshetr-jo anupajaoo v zyadatar retila hai. isamen thar marusthal ka ek hissa shamil hai aur parvat shrinkhala ka dakshin-poorvi kshetr-jo samanyat: ooncha tatha adhik upajaoo hai. is prakar samast kshetr ek aise saghan avarodh ka nirman karata hai, jisamen uttar bharat ke maidan aur prayadvipiy bharat ke mukhy pathar ke madhy sthit pahadi aur pathari kshetr sammilit hain.

rajasthan ka uday

rajapootana men 23 rajy, ek saradari, ek jagir aur ajamer-mevad ka british zila shamil the. shasak rajakumaron men adhikansh rajapoot the. ye rajapootana ke aitihasik kshetr ke kshatriy the, jinhonne satavin shatabdi men is kshetr men pravesh karana arambh kiya. jodhapur, jaisalamer, bikaner, jayapur aur udayapur sabase bade rajy the. 1947 men vibhinn charanon men in rajyon ka ekikaran hua, jisake parinamasvaroop rajasthan rajy astitv men aya. dakshin-poorv rajapootana ke kuchh purane kshetr madhy pradesh aur dakshin-pashchim men aur kuchh kshetr ab gujarat ka hissa hain.

itihas

bharat men musalamanon ka rajy sthapit hone ke poorv rajasthan men kee shaktishali rajapoot jatiyon ke vnsh shasan kar rahe the aur unamen sabase prachin chaluky aur rashtrakoot the. isake uparant kannauj ke rathauron (rashtrakoot), ajamer ke chauhanon, anhilavad ke solnkiyon, mevad ke gahaloton ya sisodiyon aur jayapur ke kachhavahon ne is pradesh ke bhinn-bhinn bhagon men apane rajy sthapit kar liye. rajapoot jatiyon men phoot aur paraspar yuddhon ke phalasvaroop ve shaktahin ho ge. yadyapi inamen se adhikansh ne barahavin shatabdi ke antim charan men musalaman akramanakariyon ka viratapoorvak samana kiya, tathapi pray: sampoorn rajapootane ke rajavnshon ko dilli saltanat ki sarvopari satta svikar karani padi.

rana sanga ki parajay

dilli saltanat ki satta svikar karane ke bad bhi musalamanon ki yah prabhusatta rajapoot shasakon ko sadev khatakati rahi aur jab kabhi dilli saltanat men durbalata ke lakshan drishtigat hote, ve adhinata se mukt hone ko prayatnashil ho uthate. 1520 ee. men babar ke netritv men mugalon ke akraman ke samay rajapootana dilli ke sultanon ke prabhav se mukt ho chala tha aur mevad ke rana sngram sinh ne babar ke dilli par adhikar ka virodh kiya. 1526 ee. men khanava ke yuddh men rana ki parajay huee aur mugalon ne dilli ke sultanon ka rajapootane par namamatr ko bacha prabhutv phir se sthapit kar liya.

mugalon ki adhinata

is parajay ke bad bhi rajapooton ka virodh shant n hua. akabar ki rajanitik soojh-boojh aur dooradarshita ka prabhav in par avashy pada aur mevad ke atirikt any sabhi rajapoot shasak mugalon ke samarthak aur bhakt ban ge. ant men jahangir ke shasanakal men mevad ne bhi mugalon ki adhinata svikar kar li. aurngazeb ke sinhasanaroodh hone tak rajapootane ke shasak mugalon ke svamibhakt bane rahe. parantu aurngazeb ki dharmik asahishnuta ki niti ke karan donon pakshon men yuddh hua. bad men ek samajhaute ke phalasvaroop rajapootane men shanti sthapit huee.

angrezon ki sharan

pratapi mugalon ke patan se bhi rajapootane ke rajapoot shasakon ka koee labh nahin hua, kyonki 1756 ee. ke lagabhag rajapooton men marathon ka shakti vistar arambh ho gaya. 18vin shatabdi ke antim dashakon men bharat ki avyavasthit rajanitik dasha men ulajhanen tatha marathon evn pindariyon ki lootamar se trast hone ke karan rajapootane ke shasakon ka itana manobal gir gaya ki unhonne apani suraksha hetu angrezon ki sharan li.

bharatiy sngh

bharatiy ganatntr ki sthapana ke uparant kuchh rajapoot riyasaten march, 1948 ee. men aur kuchh ek varsh bad bharatiy sngh men sammilit ho geen. is pradesh ka adhunik nam rajasthan aur isaki rajadhani jayapur hai. rajapramukh (ab rajyapal) ka nivas tatha vidhanasabha ki baithaken bhi jayapur men hi hoti hain.

inhen bhi dekhen: rajapoot evn rajapoot kal


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Sir Jivanji Jamshedji Modi (1930). Dr. Modi memorial volume: papers on Indo-Iranian and other subjects. Fort Printing Press. p. 521
  2. R.C. Majumdar (1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.. p. 263
  3. John Keay (2001). India: a history. Grove Press. pp. 231–232
  • (pustak 'bharat gyanakosh') prishth snkhya-59
  • (pustak 'bharatiy itihas kosh') prishth snkhya-400

snbndhit lekh

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