राजपूत काल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajapooton ke itihas ke bare men abhilekhon evn samakalin tatha bad ke kuchh sahityon se janakari milati hai. abhilekhon men gvaliyar evn aihol abhilekh tatha sahity men nayachandrasoori ka 'hammir mahakavy', padmagupt ka 'navasahasankacharit', halayudh ki 'pingalasootravriti', 'kumarapal charit', 'varn ratnakar' evn prithvirajaraso adi pramukh hai.

rajapoot ka arth

rajapoot shabd snskrit ke 'rajapootr' ka apabhrnsh hai. samanyat: isaka arth hota hai, 'raja ka putr' ya shahi parivar ke kisi vyakti ka 'rajapootr'. sambhavatah prachin kal men is shabd ka prayog kisi jati ke roop men n karake rajaparivar ke sadasyon ke lie kiya jata tha, par harsh ki mrityu ke bad rajapoot ya rajapootr shabd ka prayog jati ke roop men hone laga.

rajapooton ki utpatti

in rajapoot vnshon ki utpatti ke vishay men viddhanon ke do mat prachalit hain- ek ka manana hai ki rajapooton ki utpatti videshi hai, jabaki doosare ka manana hai ki, rajapooton ki utpatti bharatiy hai. harshavardhan ki mrityu ke uparant jin mahanh shaktiyon ka uday hua tha, unamen adhikansh rajapoot varg ke antargat hi ate the.aijent tod ne 12vin shatabdi ke uttar bharat ke itihas ko 'rajapoot kal' bhi kaha hai. kuchh itihasakaron ne prachin kal evn madhy kal ko 'sndhi kal' bhi kaha hai. is kal ke mahattvapoorn rajapoot vnshon men rashtrakoot vnsh, chaluky vnsh, chauhan vnsh, chndel vnsh, paramar vnsh evn gahadaval vnsh adi ate hain.

samrajy vistar

bngal par pahale pal vnsh ka adhikar tha, bad men sen vnsh ka adhikar hua. uttarakalin pal shasakon men sabase mahattvapoorn 'mahipal' tha. jisane uttari bharat men mahamood gazanavi ke akraman ke samay qarib pachas varshon tak raj kiya. is kal men usane apane rajy ka vistar bngal ke alava bihar men bhi kiya. usane kee nagaron ka nirman kiya tatha kee purane dharmik bhavanon ki marammat karavaee, jinamen se kuchh nalanda tatha banaras men the. usaki mrityu ke bad kannauj ke gahadavalon ne bihar se dhire-dhire palon ke adhikar ko samapt kar diya aur banaras ko apani doosari rajadhani banaya. isi dauran chauhan apane samrajy ka vistar ajamer se lekar gujarat ki or kar rahe the. ve dilli aur pnjab ki or bhi badh rahe the. is prayas men unhen gahadavalon ka samana karana pada. inhin apasi sngharshon ke karan rajapoot pnjab se gazanaviyon ko bahar nikalane men asaphal rahe. unaki kamazori ka labh uthakar gazanaviyon ne ujjain par bhi akraman kiya.

itihasakaron ke mat

daau. gauri shnkar ojha rajapooton ki utpatti prachin kshatriy jati se manate hain. rajatarngini men 36 kshatriy kulon ka varnan milata hai. kuchh vidvanh rajapooton ki utpatti agnikund se utpann batate hain. yah anushrati prithvirajaraso (chandrarabaradaee krit) ke varnan par adharit hai. prithvirajaraso ke atirikt 'navasahasank' charit, 'hammiraraso', 'vnsh bhaskar' evn 'sisana' abhilekh men bhi is anushrati ka varnan milata hai. katha ka snkshipt rooph is prakar hai- 'jab prithvi daityon ke atnk se akrant ho gayi, tab maharshi vashishth ne daityon ke vinash ke lie aboo parvat par ek agnikund ka nirman kar ygy kiya. is ygy ki agni se char yoddhaon- pratihar, paramar, chauhan evn chaluky ki utpatti huee. bharat men any rajapoot vnsh inhin ki sntan hain. 'dasharath sharma', 'daau. gauri shnkar ojha' evn 'si.vi. vaidy' is katha ko matr kalpanik manate hain.

videshi jati ka mat

videshi utpatti ke samarthakon men mahattvapoorn sthan 'karnal jems taaud' ka hai. ve rajapooton ko videshi sithiyan jati ki santan manate hain. tark ke samarthan men taaud ne donon jatiyon (rajapoot evn sithiyan) ki samajik evn dharmik sthiti ki samanata ki bat kahi hai. unake anusar donon men rahan-sahan, vesh-bhoosha ki samanata, mansahar ka prachalan, rath ke dvara yuddh ko snchalit karana, yagyik anushthanon ka prachalan, astr-shastr ki pooja ka prachalan adi se yah pratit hota hai ki rajapoot sithiyan ke hi vnshaj the.

viliyam kruk ne 'karnal jems taaud' ke mat ka samarthan kiya hai. 'vi.e. smith' ke anusar shak tatha kushan jaisi videshi jatiyan bharat akar yahan ke samaj men poornatah ghul-mil gayin. in deshi evn videshi jatiyon ke mishran se hi rajapooton ki utpatti huee.

bharatiy itihasakaron men 'eeshvari prasad' evn 'di.ar. bhndarakar' ne bharatiy samaj men videshi mool ke logon ke sammilit hone ko hi rajapooton ki utpatti ka karan mana hai. bhandarakar tatha kaningham ke anusar rajapoot videshi the. in tamam vidvanon ke tarko ke adhar par nishkarshatah yah kaha ja sakata hai ki, yadyapi rajapoot kshatriyon ke vnshaj the, phir bhi unamen videshi rakt ka mishran avashy tha. atah ve n to poornatah videshi the, n to poornat bharatiy.

rajapoot samaj ka mukhy adhar

rajapoot rajyon men bhi samntavadi vyavastha ka prabhav tha. rajapoot samaj ka mukhy adhar vnsh tha. har vnsh apane ko ek yoddha ka vnshaj batata tha, jo vastavik bhi ho sakata tha aur kalpanik bhi. alag-alag vnsh alag-alag kshetron par shasan karate the. inake rajyon ke antargat 12, 24, 48 ya 84 gram ate the. raja in gramon ki bhoomi apane saradaron men bant deta tha, jo phir isi tarah apane hisse ki bhoomi ko rajapoot yoddhaon ko, apane parivaron aur ghodon ke rakh-rakhav ke lie bant dete the. rajapooton ki pramukh visheshata apani bhoomi, parivar aur apane man-samman ke sath lagav tha. har rajapoot rajy ka raja adhikatar apane bhaiyon ki sahayata se shasan karata tha. yadyapi sari bhoomi par raja ka hi adhikar tha. bhoomi par niyntran ko samman ki bat samajhane ke karan vidroh athava uttaradhikari ke n hone jaisi vishesh sthitiyon men hi raja zamin vapas le leta tha.

anushasanahinata

rajapooton ki samaj vyavastha ke labh bhi the aur nuqasan bhi. labh to yah tha ki rajapooton men bhaeechare aur samanata ki bhavana vyapt thi, par doosari or isi bhavana ke karan unamen anushasan lana kathin tha. unaki doosari kamazori apasi sngharsh tha, jo pushton tak chalata tha. par unaki mool kamazori yah thi ki, ve apane hi alag gut banate aur doosaron se shreshth hone ka dava karate the. ve bhaeechare ki bhavana men gair rajapooton ko shamil nahin karate the. isase shasan karane vale rajapooton aur am janata, jo adhikatar rajapoot nahin thi, ke bich antar badhata gaya. aj bhi rajapoot rajasthan ki abadi ke kul chhh pratishat ke lagabhag hain. gyarahavin tatha barahavin shatabdi men bhi rajapooton tatha unake dvara shasit pradeshon ki poori abadi ke bich yahi anupat raha hoga.

dharmik svatntrata

us kal men adhikatar rajapoot raja hindoo the, yadyapi kuchh jain dharm ke bhi samarthak the. ve brahman aur mandiron ko badi matra men dhan aur bhoomi ka dan karate the. ve varn vyavastha tatha brahmanon ke visheshadhikaron ke paksh men the. isalie kuchh rajapooti rajyon men to bharat ki svatntrata aur bharatiy sngh men unake vilay tak brahmanon se apekshakrit kam lagan vasool kiya jata tha. in visheshadhikaron ke badale brahman rajapooton ko prachin soory aur chandravnshi kshatriyon ke vnshaj manane ko taiyar the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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