राष्ट्रकूट वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtrakoot vnsh ka arambh 'dantidurg' se lagabhag 736 ee. men hua tha. usane nasik ko apani rajadhani banaya. isake uparant in shasakon ne manyakhet, (adhunik malakhnd) ko apani rajadhani banaya. rashtrakooton ne 736 ee. se 973 ee. tak rajy kiya.

rashtrakoot vnshiy shasak
shasakon ke nam shasan kal
dantidurg (736-756 ee.)
krishn pratham (756-772 ee.)
govind dvitiy (773-780 ee.)
dhruv dharavarsh (780-793 ee.)
govind tritiy (793-814 ee.)
amoghavarsh pratham (814-878 ee.)
krishn dvitiy (878-915 ee.)
indr tritiy (915-917 ee.)
amoghavarsh dvitiy (917-918 ee.)
govind chaturth (918-934 ee.)
amoghavarsh tritiy (934-939 ee.)
krishn tritiy (939-967 ee.)
khottig amoghavarsh (967-972 ee.)
kark dvitiy (972-973 ee.)

shasan tantr

rashtrakooton ne ek suvyavasthit shasan pranali ko janm diya tha. prashasan rajatantratmak tha. raja sarvochch shaktiman tha. rajapad anuvnshik hota tha. shasan snchalan ke lie sampoorn rajy ko rashtron, vishayon, bhooktiyon tatha gramon men vibhajit kiya gaya tha. rashtr, jise 'mandal' kaha jata tha, prashasan ki sabase badi ikaee thi. prashasan ki sabase chhoti ikaee 'gram' thi. rashtr ke pradhan ko 'rashtrapati' ya 'rashtrakoot' kaha jata tha. ek rashtr char ya panch zilon ke barabar hota tha. rashtr kee vishayon evn zilon men vibhajit tha. ek vishay men 2000 ganv hote the. vishay ka pradhan 'vishayapati' kahalata tha. vishayapati ki sahayata ke lie 'vishay mahattar' hote the. vishay ko gramon ya bhuktiyon men vibhajit kiya gaya tha. pratyek bhukti men lagabhag 100 se 500 ganv hote the. ye adhunik tahasil ki tarah the. bhukti ke pradhan ko 'bhogapati' ya 'bhogik' kaha jata tha. isaka pad anuvanshik hota tha. vetan ke badale inhen karamukt bhoomi pradan ki jati thi. bhukti chhote-chhote ganv men bant diya gaya tha, jinamen 10 se 30 ganv hote the. nagar ka adhikari 'nagarapati' kahalata tha.

prashasan ki sabase chhoti ikaee gram thi. gram ke adhikari ko 'gramakoot', 'gramapati', 'gavund' adi namon se pukara jata tha. isaki ek gram sabha bhi thi, jisamen gram ke pratyek parivar ka sadasy hota tha. ganv ke jhagade ka nipatara karana isaka pramukh kary tha.

rajasv pranali

ay ka pramukh sadhan bhoomi kar tha. niyamit karon men 'udrng', 'uparik', 'shulk' tatha 'vikar' pramukh kar the. udrng ya bhagakar utpadan ka 1/4 tha. mudra pranali vikasit thi. rashtrakoot mudraon men 'dramy', 'suvarn', 'gadhyantak', 'katnju' tatha 'kasu' ka ullekh milata hai. isamen kalnju, gadhyantak tatha kasu svarn mudraen thin.

dharm

rashtrakoot shasakon ke snrakshan men brahman evn jain dharm ka adhik vikas hua. brahman dharm sarvadhik prachalit tha. prarambhik rashtrakoot shasak brahman dharm ke anuyayi the tatha vishnu evn shiv ki aradhana karate th. rashtrakoot shasak apani shasakiy mudraon par garudh, shiv athava vishnu ke ayudhon ka prayog karate the. brahman dharm ki tulana men jain dharm ka adhik prachar-prasar hua. ise rajakiy snrakshan pradan tha. rashtrakoot shasak amoghavarsh ke samay men jain dharm ka sarvadhik vikas hua. amoghavarsh ke guru 'jinasen' jain the, jisane ‘adi puran’ ki rachana ki. yuvaraj krishn ka adhyapak gunabhadr prasiddh jainachary tha. gng shasak venket ya usake putr lokadity jain dharm ke anuyayi the. rashtrakooton ke prasiddh senapati shri vijay narasinh adi jain the.

sahityik upalabdhiyan

rashtrakoot kal sahityik unnati ke lie bhi prasiddh raha hai. agrahar uchch snskrit shiksha ka kendr tha. yahan par brahman snskrit vidya ki shiksha di jati thi. agrahar ke atirikt mandir bhi uchch shiksha ka kendr tha. manyakhet, paithan, nasik, karahad adi shiksha ke uchch kendr the. snskrit ke anek vidvanh tatha lekhak-'kumaril bhatt', 'vachaspati', 'lall', 'katyayan', 'rajashekhar', 'angiras' isi yug ke hain. isake atirikt any vidvanon men 'halayudh', 'ashlak', 'vidyannd', 'jinasen', 'prabhachandr', 'harishen', 'gunabhadr' aur 'somadev' pramukh the. halayudh, jisane ‘kavi rahasy’ namak granth likha, krishn tritiy ka darabari kavi tha. krishn tritiy ke hi shasan kal men 'avalnk' aur 'vidyanand' ne jain granth 'apt mimansa' par 'ashtashati' evn 'ashtasahastri' tikaen likhin. isi kal men 'manikyanandin' ne ‘parikshamukh shastr’ ki rachana ki, jo nyay shastr ka pramukh granth mana gaya hai. rashtrakoot shasak svayn ek uchchakoti ka vidvanh tha, usane kannad bhasha men ‘kaviraj marg’ namak granth ki rachana ki. isake guru evn achary jinasen ne 'adi puran', 'harivnsh' tatha 'pashrvabhyuday' ki rachana ki. isi samay ke mahanh ganitgy 'virachary' ne 'ganisarasngrah' ki rachana ki tatha shakatayan ne 'amoghavritti' ki rachana ki. rashtrakoot shasak indr tritiy ke shasan kal men mahakavi 'trivikram' ne ‘nalachampoo’ kavy ki rachana ki. 9vin shatabdi men somadev ne yashastik champoo namak uchch koti ke granth ki rachana ki. usaki ek any rachana ‘niti vakyamrit’ hai, jo tatkalin rajanitik siddhanton ka manak granth mana jata hai. 10vin shatabdi ke mahanakavi 'pamp' ne kannad bhasha men ‘adi puran’ tatha ‘vikramarjun vijay’ ki rachana ki. adi puran men pratham jain tirthakaron ka ullekh kiya gaya hai.

kannad kavi 'potr' (950) ne ramayan ki kahani par adharit ‘ramakatha’ tatha ‘shantipuran’ namak granth ki rachana ki. 'rann' (993 ee.) ne 'gadayuddh' tatha 'ajit tirthakar puran' ki rachana ki. gngavadi rajy ke prasiddh senapati 'chamundaraj' ne ‘chamundaraj puran’ namak granth likha; jise gady sahity ka utkrisht grnth mana jata hai.

kala

rashtrakooton ke samay ka sabase vikhyat mndir elora ka kailash mndir hai. isaka nirman krishn pratham ke shasanakal men kiya gaya tha. bhadauda abhilekh men is mandir ki bhavyata ka varnan milata hai. dashavatar mandir do mnjila brahman mandir ka ek matr udaharan hai. inake jain mandir panch mnjilen hain, jinamen indramahasabha, chhota kailash tatha jagannath sabha pramukh hain.

inhen bhi dekhen: rashtrakoot samrajy


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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