हर्यक वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haryak vnsh (544 ee. poo. se 412 ee. poo. tak) ki sthapana bimbisar (544 ee. poo. se 493 ee. poo.) ne ki thi. isake sath hi rajanitik shakti ke roop men bihar ka sarvapratham uday hua tha. bimbisar ko magadh samrajy ka vastavik snsthapak mana jata hai. usane girivraj (rajagir) ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. nagadashak 'haryak vnsh' ka antim shasak tha. usake amaty[1] shishunag ne 412 ee. poo. men nagadashak ki nirbalata se labh uthakar gaddi par adhikar kar liya aur 'shishunag vnsh' ki sthapana ki.

haryak vnshi shasak

  1. bimbisar (544 ee. poo. se 493 ee. poo.)
  2. ajatashatru (493 ee.poo. se 461 ee.poo.)
  3. udayin (461 ee.poo. se 445 ee.poo.)
  4. aniruddh
  5. mndak
  6. nagadashak

bimbisar

haryak vnsh ke snsthapak bimbisar ka upanam 'shrenik' tha. haryak vnsh ke log nagavnsh ki hi ek upashakha the. bimbisar ne kaushal evn vaishali ke raj parivaron se vaivahik sambandh qayam kiya. usaki pahali patni 'mahakoshala' prasenajit ki bahan thi, jisase use kashi nagar ka rajasv prapt hua. usaki doosari patni 'chellana' vaishali ke lichchhavi pramukh chetak ki bahan thi. isake pashchath usane madr desh[2] ki rajakumari 'kshema' ke sath apana vivah kar madron ka sahayog aur samarthan prapt kiya. 'mahabagg' men samrat bimbisar ki 500 patniyon ka ullekh hai. kushal prashasan ki avashyakata par sarvapratham bimbisar ne hi zor diya tha. bauddh sahity men usake kuchh padadhikariyon ke nam milate hain. inamen se pramukh nimnalikhit hain-

  1. sabbanthak mahamatt (sarvamahapatr) - yah samany prashasan ka pramukh padadhikari hota tha.
  2. boharik mahamatt (vyavaharik mahamatr) - yah pradhan nyayik adhikari athava nyayadhish hota tha.
  3. senanayak mahamatt - yah sena ka pradhan adhikari hota tha.

bimbisar svayn shasan ki samasyaon men ruchi leta tha. 'mahabagg jatak' men kaha gaya hai ki usaki rajasabha men 80 hazar gramon ke pratinidhi bhag lete the. vah jain tatha brahman dharm ke prati bhi sahishnu tha. jain granth use apane mat ka poshak manate hain. 'dirdhanikay' se pata chalata hai ki bimbisar ne champa ke prasiddh brahman sonadand ko vahan ki poori amadani dan men de di thi. puranon ke anusar bimbisar ne qarib 32 varsh tak shasan kiya. bimbisar mahatma buddh ka mitr evn snrakshak tha. rajagrih namak navin nagar ki sthapana bimbisar ne karavaee thi. usaka avanti se achchha sambandh tha, kyonki jab avanti ke raja pradyot bimar the, to bimbisar ne apane vaidy jivak ko usake pas bheja tha. bimbisar ne ang aur champa ko jita aur vahan par apane putr ajatashatru ko uparaja niyukt kiya tha.

ajatashatru

'vinayapitak' se gyat hota hai ki buddh se milane ke bad bimbisar ne bauddh dharm grahan kar liya aur beluvan namak udyan buddh tatha sngh ke nimitt kar diya tha. antim samay men ajatashatru ne apane pita bimbisar ki hatya 493 ee. poo. men kar di aur sinhasan par adhikar jama liya. ajatashatru ka upanam 'kunik' tha. vah jain dharm ka anuyayi tha. usane lagabhag 32 sal tak shasan kiya. ajatashatru ki hatya usake putr udayin ne 461 ee. poo. men kar di.

bauddh granthon ke anusar udayin ke tin putr the- 'aniruddh', 'mndak' aur 'nagadashak' the. udayin ke in tinon putron ne rajy kiya tha. haryak vnsh ka antim raja nagadashak tha. nagadashak ke putr shishunag ne 412 ee. poo. men unhen hata kar 'shishunag vnsh' ki sthapana ki.[3] kuchh itihasakaron ke anusar shishunag apane raja nagadashak ka amaty tha. kyonki nagadashak atyant vilasi aur nirbal siddh hua tha, isilie shasan tantr men shithilata ke karan vyapak asantosh janata men phail gaya. isi samay rajy vidroh kar amaty shishunag ne sinhasan par adhikar kar liya raja ban gaya. is prakar haryak vnsh ka ant hua aur 'shishunag vnsh ki sthapana huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. senapati
  2. kuru ke samip
  3. pustak 'lusent samany adhyayan') prishth snkhya-16

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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