लोहार वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lohar vnsh ka snsthapak sngramaraj tha. sngramaraj ki bad anant par is vnsh ka shasak hua. usane apane shasan kal men samanton ke vidroh ko kuchala. usake prashasan men usaki patni rani sooryamati sahayog karati thi. anant ka putr kalash ek kamazor shasak tha.

harsh- kalash ka putr harsh vidvan, kavi evn kee bhashaon evn vidyaon ka janakar tha. rajatarngini ka lekhak kalhan, harsh ka ashrit kavi tha. rajy men antarik ashanti ke karan hue vidroh men lagabhag 1101 ee. men harsh ki hatya kar di gayi. harsh ko kashmir ka 'niro' bhi kaha jata hai. usake shasan kal men kashmir men bhayanak akal pada tha. usake atyacharapoorn karyo se trast hokar utsal evn sussal namak bhaeeyon ne vidroh kar diya. is vidroh men harsh ke putr bhoj evn harsh donon ki hatya kar di gayi.

lohar vnsh ka antim shasak jayasinh (1128-1155 ee.) tha. apane shasanakal men usane yavanon ko parast kiya tha. 1339 ee. men kashmir turko ke kabje men a gaya. jayasinh kalhan ki rajatarngini ka antim shasak tha. usi ke samay men rajatarngini poorn huyi. turk shasakon men sarvadhik lokapriy shasak 'jainul abadin' tha jise 'kashmir ka akabar' kaha jata hai.

kalhan- kalhan ke pita champak brahman kul ke the. ve lohar vnsh ke shasak harsh ke prashasan men mntri ke pad par the. kalhan kisi rajakiy pad par tha ya nahin, is vishay ki spasht janakari nahin hai. kalhan ne apane prasiddh grnth 'rajataragini' ki rachana lohar vnsh ke antim shasak jayasinh ke samay men ki thi. is grnth se kashmir ke itihas ke bare men janakari milati hai. kalhan ki rajataragini men kul ath tarng evn 8000 shlok hain. pahale ke tin tarngon men kashmir ke prachin itihas ki janakari milati hai. chaithe se lekar chhathaven tarng men karkot evn utpal vnsh ke itihas ka varnan hai. antim sataven evn athaven tarng men lohar vnsh ka itihas ullikhit hai. is pustak men aitihasik ghatanaon ka kramabaddh ullekh hai. kalhan ne pakshapatarahit hokar rajaon ke gun evn doshon ka ullekh kiya hai. pustak ke vishay ke antargat rajaniti ke atirikt sadachar evn naitik shiksha par bhi prakash dala gaya hai. kalhan ne apane grnth rajatarngini men snskrit bhasha ka prayog kiya hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sambndhit kadiyan


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