ख़िलजी वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khilaji ya khalaji vnsh (1290-1320 ee.) dilli ki muslim saltanat ka doosara shasak parivar tha. is vnsh ki sthapana jalaluddin khilaji ne ki thi, jisane apana jivan ek sainik ke roop men prarambh kiya tha. halanki khilaji qabila lnbe samay se afaganistan men basa hua tha, lekin apane poorvavarti gulam vnsh ki tarah yah rajavnsh bhi moolat: turkistan ka tha. isake tin shasak apani nishthahinata, nirdayata aur dakshin bharat men hindoo rajyon par adhikar ke lie jane jate the.

jalaluddin ki hatya

khilaji vnsh ka pratham sultan jalaluddin khilaji, gulam vnsh ke antim kamazor badashah kaikubad ke patan ke bad ek kulin gut ke sahayog se gaddi par baitha. jalaludden umr men kafi bada tha aur afagan qabile ka mane jane ke karan ek samay vah itana adhik alokapriy hua ki rajadhani men ghusane tak ka sahas nahin kar saka. usake bhatije 'joona khan' (bad men alauddin khilaji) ne dakkan ke hindoo rajy par chadhaee karake elichapur aur usake khazane par qabza kar liya aur phir 1296 men vapas lautakar usane apane chacha jalaluddin khilaji ki hatya kar di aur svayn sultan ban baitha.

samrajy vistar

joona khan ne 'alauddin khilaji' ki upadhi dharan kar 20 varsh tak shasan kiya. usane ranathnbhaur (1301 ee.), chittaud (1303 ee.) aur mandoo (1305 ee.) par qabza kiya aur devagiri ke samriddh hindoo rajy ko apane rajy men mila liya. usane aye din hone vale mngol akraman ka bhi munhatod javab diya. alauddin ke senapati malik kafoor ko 1308 ee. ne dakshin bharat par qabza kar liya, krishna nadi ke dakshin men hoyasal vnsh ko ukhad phenka aur sudoor dakshin men madurai par adhikar kar liya. jab 1311 ee. men malik kafoor dilli lauta to vah loot ke mal se lada hua tha. isake bad alauddin khilaji ke vnsh ka sitara doob gaya.

patan

1316 ee. ke arnbh men sultan ki mrityu ho gee. malik kafoor dvara satta par qabiz hone ki koshish usaki mrityu ke sath hi samapt huee. antim khilaji shasak qutubuddin mubarak khilaji ki usake pradhanamntri khusaro khan ne 1320 ee. men hatya kar di. bad men tugalak vnsh ke pratham shasak gayasuddin tugalaq ne khusaro khan se gaddi chhen li.

khilajiyon ka itihas

khilaji kaun the? is vishay men paryapt vivad hai. itihasakar nizamuddin ahamad ne khilaji ko chngez khan ka damad aur kulin khan ka vnshaj bataya hai. jabaki jiyauddin barani ne use turkon se alag evn fakharuddin ne khilajiyon ko turkon ki 64 jatiyon men se ek bataya hai. fakharuddin ke mat ka adhikansh vidvanon ne samarthan kiya hai. choonki bharat ane se poorv hi yah jati afaganistan ke helamand nadi ke tatiy kshetron ke un bhagon men rahati thi, jise khilaji ke nam se jana jata tha. sambhavatah isilie is jati ko khilaji kaha gaya. 'mamalook' athava gulam vnsh ke antim sultan shamasuddin kyoomars ki hatya ke bad hi jalaluddin khilaji sinhasan par baitha tha. isalie itihas men khilaji vnsh ki sthapana ko 'khilaji kranti' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. khilaji kranti keval isalie mahattvapoorn nahin hai ki usane gulam vnsh ko samapt kar navin khilaji vnsh ki sthapana ki, balki isalie bhi mahattvapoorn hai ki khilaji kranti ke parinamasvarooph dilli saltanat ka sudoor dakshin tak vistar hua. jativad men kami aee aur sath hi yah dharana bhi khatm huee ki shasan keval vishishti varg ka vyakti hi kar sakata hai.

khilaji yug

khilaji mukhyatah sarvahara varg ke the. khilaji yug samrajyavad aur muslim shakti ke vistar ka yug tha. is kranti ke bad turki amir saradaron ke prabhav kshetr men kami aee. is kranti ne prashasan men dharm v ulema ke mahattv ko bhi asvikar kar diya. is prakar khilaji shasakon ki satta mukhy roop se shakti par nirbhar thi. khilajiyon ne yah siddh kar diya ki rajy bina dharm ki sahayata se n keval jivit rakha ja sakata hai, balki saphalatapoorvak chalaya bhi ja sakata hai. jalaluddin khilaji dvara rajagaddi snbhalana mamalook rajavnsh ke ant aur turk gulam abhijat varg ke varchasv ka dyotak hai.

shasak

khilaji vnsh ke sultanon ne 1290 se 1320 ee. tak rajy kiya. dilli ke khilaji sultanon men alauddin khilaji (1296-1316 ee.) hi sabase prasiddh aur yogy shasak siddh hua tha.

shasakon ke nam


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