माण्डू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(मांडू se punarnirdeshit)
jahaz mahal, mandoo

mandoo ka prachin nam mandap durg ya mandavagadh hai. mndap nam se is nagar ka ullekh jain grnth tirthamala chaityavndan men kiya gaya hai--

'kodinarak mntri dahad pure shri mndape charbude'

itihas

janashruti hai ki yah sthan ramayan tatha mahabharat ke samay ka hai kintu is nagar ka niyamit itihas madhy kal hi hai. kannauj ke pratiharon nareshon ke samay men paramar vnshiy shrisaraman malava ko rajyapal niyukt kiya gaya tha. us samay bhi mandapagadh kafi shobha sampann nagar tha. pratiharon ke patan ke pashchath paramar svatntr ho ge aur unaki vnsh parampara men munj, bhoj adi prasiddh naresh hue.

12vin, 13vin shatiyon men shasan ki dor jain mntriyon ke hath men thi aur mandavagadh aishvary ki charam sima tak pahuncha hua tha. kaha jata hai ki us samay yahan ki janasnkhya sat lakh thi aur hindoo mandiron ke atirikt 300 jain mandir bhi yahan ki shobha badhate the.

akraman

hoshngashah ka maqabara, mandoo

alauddin khilaji ke mandoo par akraman ke pashchath yahan se hindoo rajy satta ne vida li. yah akraman alauddin ke senapati airan-ulamulk ne kiya tha. isane yahan par qatle-am bhi karavaya tha.

  • 1401 ee. men mandoo (mndoo) dilli ke tugalakon ke adhipaty se svatntr ho gaya aur malava ke shasak dilavar khan gori ne mandoo ke pathan shasakon ki vnsh parampara prarambh ki. in sultanon ne mandoo men jo sundar bhavan tatha prasad banavae the, unake avashesh mandoo ko aj bhi akarshan ka kendr banae hue hain. dilavar khan ka putr hoshngashah 1405 ee. men apani rajadhani dhar se uthakar mandoo men le aya. mandoo ke qile ka nirmata bhi yahi tha. is rajy vnsh ke vaibhav-vilas ki charam sima 15vin shati ke ant men gayasuddin ke shasan kal men dikhaee padi. gayasuddin ne vilasata ka vah daur shuroo kiya jisaki charcha tatkalin bharat men charon or thi. kaha jata hai ki usake haram men 15 sahasr sundariyan thin.
  • 1531 ee. men gujarat ke sultan bahadurashah ne mandoo par hamala kiya aur 1534 ee. men humayoon ne yahan par apana adhipaty sthapit kiya.
  • 1554 ee. men mandoo bazabahadur ke shasanadhin hua. kintu 1570 ee. men akabar ke senapati adamakhan aur asafakhan ne bazabahadur ko parast kar mandoo par adhikar kar liya. kaha jata hai ki bazabahadur ke is yuddh men mare jane par usaki preyasi roopamati ne vishapan karake apane jivan ka ant kar liya. mandoo ki loot men adamakhan ne bahut si dhanarashi apane adhikar men kar li, aur usane akabar ke karyavahak vazir ko chhura ghonp diya. jisase kruddh hokar akabar ne adamakhan ko agara ke qile ki divar se do bar niche fikavakar marava diya. yah akabar ka koka bhaee (dhatri putr) tha.

bazabahadur aur roopamati

bazabahadur aur roopamati ki premakathaen aj bhi malava ke lokagiton men goonjati hain. bazabahadur sngit premi bhi tha. kuchh logon ka mat hai ki jahaz mahal aur hindola mahal usane hi banavae the. mandoo ke saundary ne akabar tatha jahangir donon hi ko akrisht kiya tha. yahan ke ek shilalekh se soochit hota hai ki akabar ek bar mandoo akar nilaknth namak bhavan men thahara tha. jahangir ki atmakatha tuzake jahangir men varnan hai ki jahangir ko mandoo ke prakritik drishyon se bada prem tha aur vah yahan prayah mahinon shivir dal kar thahara karata tha. mugal samrajy ke patan ke pashchath peshavaon ka yahan kuchh dinon tak adhikar raha aur tatpashchath yah sthan indaur ki maratha riyasat men shamil ho gaya.

smarak

mandoo ke smarak, jahaz mahal ke atirikt ye bhi hain—dilavar khan ki masjid, nahar jharokha, hathi pol daravaza (mugal kalin), hoshngashah tatha mahamood khilazi ke maqabare revakund bazabahadur aur roopamati ke mahalon ke pas sthit hain. yahan se reva ya narmada dikhalaee padati hai. kaha jata hai ki roopamati pratidin apane mahal se narmada ka pavitr darshan kiya karati thi.

shivaji ke rajakavi bhooshan ne paurachavnshiy naresh amarasinh ke putr aniruddhasinh ki prashnsa men kahe ge ek chhand men[1] mandoo ko inaki rajadhani bataya hai--
'sarad ke ghan ki ghatan si ghamndati hain mndoo ten umndati hain mndati mahitelen'
kisi-kisi prati men is sthan par mndoo ke bajae mendoo bhi path hai. mendoo ko kuchh log uttar pradesh men sthit manate hain kyonki paurach rajapoot aligadh ke parivarti pradesh se sambaddh the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhooshan grnthavali phutakar 45

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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