उदयगिरि गुफ़ाएँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

udayagiri gufaen
udayagiri ki gufa, vidisha
vivaran chandragupt dvitiy ke udayagiri guhalekh men is suprasiddh pahadi ka varnan hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila vidisha
nirman kal chauthi-panchavi shati ee.
sthapana gupt samrajy
marg sthiti udayagiri gufaen vidisha se 3 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi yahan par bis gufaen hai. jo hindoo aur jain moortikari ke lie prasiddh hain.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda bhopal havaee adda
relave steshan vidisha relave steshan
yatayat taiksi
kya dekhen gufaen aur moortiyan
es.ti.di. kod 7592
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
any janakari pahadiyon se andar bis gufaen hain jo hindoo aur jain-moortikari ke lie prakhyat hain. moortiyan vibhinn pauranik kathaon se sambaddh hain aur adhikansh guptakalin hain.
adyatan‎
besanagar ya prachin vidisha (bhootapoorv gvaliyar siyasat) ke nikat udayagiri vidisha nagari hi ka upanagar tha. ek any gufa men gupt snvath 425-426 ee. men utkirn kumar gupt pratham ke shasan kal ka ek abhilekh hai. isamen shnkar namak kisi vyakti dvara gufa ke pravesh-dvar par jain tirth kar parshvanath ki moorti ke pratishthapit kie jane ka ullekh hai- yah lekh is prakar hai-
'namah siddhebhyah shri snyutanan gunatoyadhinan guptanvayanan nripasattamana rajye kulasyadhivivardhamane shadbhiryyutaiah varshashateth mase sukartike bahul dineth pnchame guhamukhe sphatavikatotkatamiman jitodvisho jinavar parshv-sngyika jinakrirti shamadamavanachikarath achary bhadranvay bhooshanasy shishyohmasavary kulodgatasy achary gosharmmamunestusutastu padmavatavashvapatebbhatasy parairajayasy sipughn maninasy snghil syetyabhi vishrritobhuvi svasngyya shnkaranam shabdito vidhanayuktn yatimargamasthitah s uttaranan sadnshe kurunan udagdishadeshavare prasootah kshayay karmariganasy dhimanh yadatr punyn tadpasasarjj.'
yah prachin sthal bhilasa se char mil door betava tatha besh nadiyon ke bich sthit hai. chandragupt dvitiy ke udayagiri guhalekh men is suprasiddh pahadi ka varnan hai. yahan par bis gufaen hai. jo hindoo aur jain moortikari ke lie prasiddh hain. moortiyan vibhinn pauranik kathaon se sambaddh hain aur adhikansh guptakalin hain. moortikala ki drishti se panchavin gufa sabase mahattvapoorn hai. isamen varah avatar ka drishy ankit varah bhagavan ka banya panv nag raja ke sir par dikhalaya gaya hai.
masharoom gufaen, udayagiri
jo sambhavatah guptakal men samraton dvara ki gaye nag shakti ke parihas ka pratik hai. chhathi gufa men do dvarapalon, vishnu, mahish-mardini evn ganesh ki moortiyan hain. gufa chhah se prapt lekh se gyat hota hai ki us kshetr par sanakaniyon ka adhikar tha. udayagiri ke dvitiy gufa lekh men chandragupt ke sachiv pataliputr nivasi virasen urph shav dvara shiv mandir ke roop men gufa nirman karane ka ullekh hai. vah vahan chandragupt ke sath kisi abhiyan men aya tha. tritiy udayagiri gufa lekh men kumar gupt ke shasan kal men shnkar namak vyakti dvara gufa snkhya das ke dvar par jain tirthnkar parshvanath ki moorti ko pratishthit karaye jane ka ullekh hai.

vastushilp

gupt kal men udayagiri men 20 patthar janik prakoshthon ka utkhanan kiya gaya tha, jinamen do men chndragupt dvitiy ke shasanakal se judi huee chizen thin. ye guphaen atynt mahattvapoorn dastavej hain, kyonki ve bharat men hindoo kala ke prarnbhik svaroop ki parichayak hain aur yah dikhati hain ki panchavi shatabdi ke prarnbh men hi hindoo moorti shilp kala sthapit ho chuki thi. udayagiri men mili mahattvapoorn guphaon men ek hai gupha-5, varah gupha. isaki pramukh visheshata isaka vrihath shail janik akar hai jo bhagavan vishnu ke avatar varah dvara prithvi mata ko viplav se bachane ka parichayak hai. bharatiy kalakaron ki kshamata aur unaki shakti is kal men vidhvns aur vinash ke khilaf ek adhyatmik, brahmashakti ke roop men param oonchaiyon par pahunchi.

gufaen

pahadiyon se andar bis gufaen hain jo hindoo aur jain-moortikari ke lie prakhyat hain. moortiyan vibhinn pauranik kathaon se sambaddh hain aur adhikansh guptakalin[1] hain. yahan paye jane vale sthaniy patthar ke karan in gufaon men se adhikansh gufaen moorti- vihin gufaen rah gee hain. khudaee ka kam asan tha kyonki yah patthar naram the, lekin sath-hi-sath yah mausami prabhavon ko jhelane ke lie upayukt nahin hain.

gufa sn. 1

is gufa ka nam sooraj gufa hai. is gufa men athakheliyan karati vetravati, sanchi stoop tatha rayasen ke qile ki shilaen spasht dikhaee padati hai. is gufa men 7 fit lnbe aur 6 fit chaude kaksh hain.

gufa sn. 2

yah gufa 7 fit 11 inch lnbi aur 6 fit 1.5 inch chaudi ek kaksh ki bhanti hai, jisaka ab keval nishan rah gaya hai.

gufa sn. 3

yah gufa bhitar se 86 fit chaudi aur 6 fit 3 inch gahari hai. isamen bachi 5 moortiyon men se kuchh moortiyan chartumukhi hai v vanamala dharan kiye hue hain.

gufa sn. 4

udayagiri gufaen, vidisha

is gufa men shivaling ki pratima hai. isake pravesh dvar par ek manushy vina vadan men vyast dikhaya gnya hai jisake karan is gufa ko bin ki gufa kahate hain. yah gufa 13 fit 11 inch lnbi aur 11 fit 8 inch chaudi hai.

gufa sn. 5

is gufa ko varah gufa kahate hai kyonki isame varahavatar ki sundar jhanki hai. isamen varah bhagavan ko nar aur varah roop men ankit kiya hai. unaka bayan panv nagaraja ke sir par dikhalaya gaya hai jo snbhavatah guptakal men gupt-samraton dvara kie ge namashakti ke parihras ka pratik hai. yah gufa 22 fit lnbi aur 12 fit 8 inch oonchi hai.

gufa sn. 6

is gufa ke daravaze ke bahar do dvarapal, do vishnu, ek ganesh aur ek mahishasur-mardini ki moorti banaee huee hai. ye bhavy moortiyan bharatiy moortikala ke itihas men ek mahattvapoorn sthan rakhati hai.

gufa sn. 7

is gufa men ab sirf do dvarapalon ke chihn avashisht hain, jo gufa s. 6 ki tarah hi banayi gayi hai. prapt shilalekhon se pata chalata hai ki yah ek shaiv gufa hai.

gufa sn. 8

is gufa ka kuchh bhi nam aur nishan nahin bacha hai.

gufa sn. 9, 10 aur 11

h tinon vaishnav gufaen hain, jinamen sirf vishnu ke avashesh rah gaye hain.

varah avatar bhitti moohrtikala, udayagiri

gufa sn. 12

yah gufa bhi vaishnav gufa hai, isamen bhi vishnu ki moorti banaee gee thi aur bahar do dvarapal bhi banaye gaye the. jinaka ab koee nam aur nishan nahin bacha hai.

gufa sn. 13

is dalananuma gufa ka mukh uttar ki or hai. isake samane se udayagiri pahadi ke oopar jane ka pramukh marg hai. yah gufa sheshashayi vishnu ki moorti ke lie prasiddh hai. moorti ki lnbaee 12 fit hai. moorti ke sir par farasi mukut, gale men har, bhujabndh v hathon men kngan hain. vaijayntimala ghutanon tak lnbi hai. gufa ke as-pas v samane vali chattan par shnkh lipi khudi huee hai, jo snsar ki prachinatam lipiyon men se ek mani jati hai.

gufa sn. 14

is gufa ka bhi koee nam aur nishan nahin bacha hai.

gufa sn. 15 aur 16

balua patthar ki gufaen, udayagiri

in gufaon ki moortiyan nasht kar di gee hain isalie yah gufaen khali hain.

gufa sn. 17

isamen bhi gufa sn. 6 ki taraha donon taraph dvarapal hain, parntu ganesh ki moorti par nikhar a gaya hai. moorti ke sir par mukut bana hua hai. isake alava isamen mahishasuramardini ki bhi ek moorti sthapit ki gee hai.

gufa sn. 18

yah gufa ab khali rah gee hai kyonki isaki sari moortiyan tod di gee hain.

gufa sn. 19

yah gufa udayagiri ki gufaon men sabase badi hai. isake andar ek shivaling hai, jisaki pooja sthaniy log aj bhi karate hain. oopar bhitari chhat par kamal ki akriti bani huee hai. bahar donon or dvarapalon ki do badi-badi ksharanayukt moortiyan hain. oopar ki taraph ek sundar samudr mnthan ka bhi drishy hai. bich men mndarachal ko vasuki nag ke sath bandhakar ek or devagan v doosari or asuragan mnthan kar rahe hain. dvar ke charon taraph anek prakar ki lataen, belen, kirtimukh v akritiyan khudi huee hain.

gufa sn. 20

is gufa men char moortiyan hain, jo kamalasanon par virajaman hain. isake charon or abhamandal v oopar chhatr hain. isamen tin moortiyon men niche ki taraph, jo chakr hai unake donon or do sinh amane-samane munh kare hue baithe hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. chauthi-panchavi shati ee.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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