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ajanta ki gufaean
[[chitr:Ajanta-Caves-1.jpg|ajanta ki gufaean, aurangabad|200px|center]]
vivaran ajanta ki guphaean bauddh dharm dvara prerit aur unaki karunamay bhavanaoan se bhari huee shilh‍pakala aur chitrakala se otaprot hai jo manaviy itihas mean kala ke uth‍krishh‍t jnan aur anamol samay ko darshati haian.
rajy maharashtr
zila aurangabad
nirman kal dvitiy shatabdi
sthapana satavahan vansh dvara sthapit hai.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 20°33′09″, poorv- 75°42′02″
marg sthiti mejar rajy rajamarg se 102 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi ajanta ki prasiddh guphaoan ke chitroan ki chamak hazar se adhik varsh bitane ke bad bhi adhunik samay se vidvanoan ke lie ashchary ka vishay hai.
kaise pahuanchean havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuancha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda jalagaanv havaee adda
relave steshan jalagaanv relave steshan
yatayat aurangabad siti bas, taiksi
kya dekhean karle chaityagrih
kahaan thaharean hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 2432
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
chitr:Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
sanbandhit lekh elora ki gufaean, bibi ka maqabara
bhasha marathi, hindi, aangrezi aur gujarati
mukhy akarshan aanjata ki gufaoan ka mukhy akarshan bhitti chitrakari hai. in chitroan mean bauddh dharmik akhyanoan aur devataoan ka jitani prachurata aur jivantata ke sath chitran kiya gaya hai, vah bharatiy kala ke kshetr mean advitiy hai.
any janakari yoonesko dvara 1983 se vishh‍v virasat sh‍thal ghoshit kie jane ke bad ajanta aur elora ki tash‍virean aur shilh‍pakala bauddh dharmik kala ke uth‍krishh‍t namoone mane ge haian.
adyatan‎

chattanoan ko katakar banae ge bauddh gufa mandir v math, ajanta gaanv ke samip, uttar-madhy maharashtr, pashchimi bharat mean sthit hai, jo apani bhitti chitrakari ke lie vikhyat hai. aurangabad se 107 kilomitar poorvottar mean vagurna nadi ghati ke 20 mitar gahare baean chhor par ek chattan ke agney pattharoan ki paratoan ko khokhala karake ye mandir banae ge haian.

lagabhag tis gufaoan ke is samooh ki khudaee pahali shatabdi ee. poo. aur satavian shatabdi ke bich do roopoan mean ki gee thi- chaity (mandir) aur vihar (math). yadyapi in mandiroan ki moortikala, khasakar chaity stanbhoan ka alankaran adbhut to hai, lekin aanjata ki gufaoan ka mukhy akarshan bhitti chitrakari hai. in chitroan mean bauddh dharmik akhyanoan aur devataoan ka jitani prachurata aur jivantata ke sath chitran kiya gaya hai, vah bharatiy kala ke kshetr mean advitiy hai. [[chitr:Ajanta-Caves-Aurangabad-Maharashtra-3.jpg|thumb|250px|left|ajanta ki gufaean, aurangabad
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad]] ajanta ki guphaean bauddh dharm dvara prerit aur unaki karunamay bhavanaoan se bhari huee shilh‍pakala aur chitrakala se otaprot haian, jo manaviy itihas mean kala ke uth‍krishh‍t jnan aur anamol samay ko darshati haian. bauddh tatha jain samh‍praday dvara banaee gee ye guphaean sajavati roop se tarashi gee haian. phir bhi inamean ek shaanti aur adhh‍yath‍m jhalakata hai tatha ye daiviy oorja aur shakti se bharapoor haian. doosari shatabh‍di di. si. mean aranbh karate hue aur chhathavian shatabh‍di e. di. mean jari rakhate hue maharashtr mean aurangabad shahar se lagabhag 107 kilo mitar ki doori par ajanta ki ye guphaean paha d ko kat kar vishal gho de ki nal ke akar mean banaee gee haian. ajanta mean 29 guphalaoan ka ek jhuand bauddh vash‍tukala, gupha chitrakala aur shilh‍p chitrakala ke uth‍krishh‍tam udaharanoan mean se ek hai. in guphaoan mean chaith‍y kaksh ya math hai, jo bhagavan buddh aur vihar ko samarpit haian, jinaka upayog bauddh bhikshuoan dvara dhh‍yan lagane aur bhagavan buddh ki shikshaoan ka adhh‍yayan karane ke lie kiya jata tha. guphaoan ki divaroan tatha chhatoan par banaee gee ye tash‍virean bhagavan buddh ke jivan ki vibhinh‍n ghatanaoan aur vibhinh‍n bauddh devath‍v ki ghatanaoan ka chitran karati haian. isamean se sarvadhik mahath‍vapoorn chitroan mean jatak kathaean haian, jo bodhisatv ke roop mean buddh ke pichhale janh‍m se sanbandhit vividh kahaniyoan ka chitran karate haian, ye ek sant the jinh‍hean buddh banane ki niyati praph‍t thi. ye shilh‍pakalaoan aur tash‍viroan ko prabhavashali roop mean prash‍tut karati haian jabaki ye samay ke asar se mukh‍t hai. ye suandar chhaviyaan aur tash‍virean buddh ko shaant aur pavitr mudra mean darshati haian.

sahyadri ki pahadi़yoan par sthit in 30 guphaoan mean lagabhag 5 prarthana bhavan aur 25 bauddh math haian. in guphaoan ki khoj armi aauphisar j aaun smith v unake dal dvara sanh 1819 mean ki gee thi. ve yahaan shikar karane ae the, tabhi unhean katarabaddh 29 guphaoan ki ek shrriankhala nazar aee aur is tarah ye guphaean prasiddh ho gee. gho de ki nal ke akar mean nirmit ye guphaean atyant hi prachin v aitihasik mahattv ki hai. inamean 200 eesa poorv se 650 eesa pashchath tak ke bauddh dharm ka chitran kiya gaya hai. ajanta ki guphaoan mean divaroan par khoobasoorat apsaraoan v rajakumariyoan ke vibhinn mudraoan vale suandar chitr bhi ukere ge hai, jo yahaan ki utkrisht chitrakari v moortikala ke behad hi suandar namoone hai. ajanta ki guphaoan ko do bhagoan mean baanta ja sakata hai. ek bhag mean bauddh dharm ke hinayan aur doosare bhag mean mahayan sanpraday ki jhalak dekhane ko milati hai. hinayan vale bhag mean 2 chaity[1] aur 4 vihar[2] hai tatha mahayan vale bhag mean 3 chaity aur 11 vihar hai. ye 19vian shatabdi ki guphaean hai, jisamean bauddh bhikshuoan ki moortiyaan v chitr hai. hathau de aur chhaini ki sahayata se tarashi gee ye moortiyaan apane ap mean apratim suandarata ko samete hai. [3] [[chitr:Ajanta-Caves-Aurangabad-Maharashtra-2.jpg|thumb|250px|left|ajanta ki gufaean, aurangabad
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad]] ajanta mean nirmit kul 29 guphaoan mean vartaman mean keval 6 hi, gupha sankhya 1, 2, 9, 10, 16, 17 shesh hai. in 6 guphaoan mean gupha sankhya 16 evan 17 hi guptakalin haian. ajanta ke chitr takaniki drishti se vishv mean pratham sthan rakhate haian. in guphaoan mean anek prakar ke phool-pattiyoan, vrikshoan evan pashu akriti se sajavat ka kam tatha buddh evan bodhisatvoan ki pratimaoan ke chitran ka kam, jatak granthoan se li gee kahaniyoan ka varnanatmak drishy ke roop mean prayog hua hai. ye chitr adhikatar jatak kathaoan ko darshate haian. in chitroan mean kahian-kahi gair bharatiy mool ke manav charitr bhi darshaye gaye haian. ajanta ki chitrakala ki ek visheshata yah hai ki in chitroan mean drishyoan ko alag alag vinyas mean nahian vibhajit kiya gaya hai.

ajanta mean 'fresko' tatha 'tempera' donoan hi vidhiyoan se chitr banaye ge haian. chitr banane se poorv divar ko bhali bhaanti rag dakar saf kiya jata tha tatha phir usake oopar lep chadhaya jata tha. ajanta ki gupha sankhya 16 mean utkirn ‘maranasann rajakumari‘ ka chitr prashansaniy hai. is chitr ki prashansa karate hue griphith, varges evan phargusan ne kaha,- ‘karuna, bhav evan apani katha ko spasht dhang se kahane ki drishti‘ yah chitrakala ke itihas mean anatikramaniy[4] hai. vakatak vansh ke vasugupt shakha ke shasak harishen (475-500ee.) ke mantri varahamantri ne gupha sankhya 16 ko bauddh sangh ko dan mean diya tha.

gupha sankhya 17 ke chitr ko ‘chitrashala‘ kaha gaya hai. isaka nirman harishen namak ek samant ne karaya tha. is chitrashala mean buddh ke janm, jivan, mahabhinishkraman evan mahaparinirvan ki ghatanaoan se sanbandhit chitr ukere ge haian. gupha sankhya 17 mean utkirn sabhi chitroan mean mata aur shishu nam ka chitr sarvotkrisht hai. ajanta ki guphaaian bauddh dharm ki ‘mahayan shakha se sanbandhit thi.

ajanta ki prasiddh guphaoan ke chitroan ki chamak hazar se adhik varsh bitane ke bad bhi adhunik samay se vidvanoan ke lie ashchary ka vishay hai. bhagavan buddh se sanbandhit ghatanaoan ko in chitroan mean abhivyakt kiya gaya hai. chaval ke maand, goand aur any kuchh pattiyoan tatha vastuoan ka sammishraman kar avishkrit kie ge rangoan se ye chitr banae ge. lagabhag hazar sal tak bhoomi mean dabe rahe aur 1819 mean pun: utkhanan kar inhean prakash mean laya gaya. hazar varsh bitane par bhi inaka rang halka nahian hua, kharab nahian hua, chamak yathavat bani rahi. kahian kuchh sudharane ya adhunik rang lagane ka prayatn hua to vah asaphal hi hua. rangoan aur rekhaoan ki yah takanik aj bhi gauravashali atit ka yad dilati hai.

british sanshodhak mi. griphith kahate haian ‘ajanta mean jin chiteroan ne chitrakari ki hai, ve srijan ke shikhar purush the. ajanta mean divaroan par jo lanbaroop (kh di) lainean koochi se sahaj hi khianchi gayi haian ve achanbhit karati haian. vastav mean yah ashcharyajanak krititv hai. parantu jab chhat ki satah par sanvari kshitij ke samanantar lakirean, unamean sangat ghumav, meharab ki shakl mean ekaroopata ke darshan hote haian aur isake srijan ki hazaroan jatilataoan par dhyan jata hai, tab lagata hai vastav mean yah vismayakari ashchary aur koee chamatkar hai.‘[5]

ajanta mean prapt chitr guphaoan ki samay sima
gupha sankhya samay
9 v 10 pratham shatabdi (guptakal se poorv)
16 evan 17 500 ee. (uttar gupt kal )
1 evan 2 lagabhag 628 ee. (guptottar kal)

yoonesh‍ko dvara 1983 se vishh‍v virasat sh‍thal ghoshit kie jane ke bad ajanta aur elora ki tash‍virean aur shilh‍pakala bauddh dharmik kala ke uth‍krishh‍t namoone mane ge haian aur inaka bharat mean kala ke vikas par gahara prabhav hai. rangoan ka rachanath‍mak upayog aur abhivh‍yakti ki sh‍vatantrata ke upayog se in guphaoan ki tash‍viroan mean ajanta ke aandar jo manav aur jantu roop chitrit kie ge haian, unh‍hean kalath‍mak rachanath‍makata ka ek uchh‍ch sh‍tar mana ja sakata hai. ye shatabdiyoan se bauddh, hinh‍doo aur jain dharm ke prati samarpit hai. ye sahanashilata ki bhavana ko pradarshit karate haian, jo prachin bharat ki visheshata rahi hai.

  1. REDIRECTsaancha:inhean bhi dekhean


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. prarthana bhavan
  2. bauddh bhikshuoan ke rahane ke sthan
  3. sharma, gayatri. ajanta ki guphaean (ech.ti.em.el) webdunia. abhigaman tithi: 14aktoobar, .
  4. jisaka atikraman ya ullanghan n ho sakata ho ya jisaka atikraman karana uchit n ho
  5. soni, suresh. bharat ka vaijnanik chintan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vaigyanik-bharat. abhigaman tithi: 15aktoobar, 2010.

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