पश्चिम भारत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pashchim bharat men bharat ke pashchimi bhag men sthit kshetron ko sammilit kiya jata hai. yah kshetr uchchastariy audyogik tatha avasit hai. pashchimi kshetr ke adhikansh kshetr maratha samrajy men ate the. bharat ka pashchimi kshetr uttar ki or se thar marusthal, poorv ki or se vindhy parvat aur dakshini or se arab sagar se ghira hua hai.

itihas

bharatiy itihas men poorvi kshetron se judi hueen anekon ghatanaen mahattvapoorn hain. saltanat kal men gujarat hastashilp kaushal, unnat bndaragahon aur upajaoo bhoomi ke karan dilli saltanat ke samriddhatam pranton me se ek tha. firozashah tugalak ke kal men gujarat ka gavarnar bahut sajjan vyakti tha. farishta usake vishay men likhata hai ki "vah hindoo dharm ko protsahan deta tha aur moortipooja ko dabane ki bajay badhava deta tha." usake bad jafar khan gujarat ka gavarnar bana. usaka pita islam svikar karane se pahale sadharan rajapoot tha aur usane apani bahan ka vivah firoz tugalak se kiya tha. dilli par taimoor ke akraman ke bad gujarat aur malava svatntr ho ge. dilli saltanat ke sath unaka sambandh keval nam matr ka hi rah gaya. kintu jafar khan 1407 men hi svayn ko gujarat ka shasak ghoshit karane ka avasar prapt kar saka. tab vah mujaffarashah ke nam se gaddi par baitha.

ahamadashah ka yogadan

kintu gujarat rajy ka vastavik snsthapak mujaffarashah ka pota ahamadashah (1411-43) hi tha. usane apane lambe shasan kal men samnton ko kaboo men kiya, prashasan ko sthirata di, apane rajy ka vistar kiya aur use svayn mazaboot kiya. vah apani rajadhani patan se hatakar naye nagar ahamadabad men le aya. is nagar ki adhashila 1415 men rakhi gee thi. vah bahut bada bhavan nirmata tha aur usane nagar ko anek bhavy mnhalon, bazaron, masjidon aur madarason se sajaya. usane gujarat ke jainiyon ki uchch sthapaty-parampara ka labh uthate hue dilli ke sthapattay se ekadam bhinn shaili ka vikas kiya. is shaili ki kuchh visheshataen hain—patale minar, patthar par utkrisht naqqashi aur alnkrit koshtak. us kal ki sthapaty kala ke sundar namoone—ahamadabad ki jama masjid aur tin daravaza, aj bhi surakshit hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: pashchim bharat ka itihas

kendr shasit pradesh


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah