तैमूर लंग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(तैमूर se punarnirdeshit)
taimoor lng
taimoor
poora nam taimoor lng
janm 1336 ee.
janm bhoomi ujbekistan
mrityu tithi 18 faravari sanh 1405 ee.
mrityu sthan kazakhistan
shasan kal 1369 ee. - 1405 ee.
sha. avadhi 36 varsh
dharmik manyata islam
vnsh taimoori rajavnsh
any janakari madhy eshiya men hokar jitane bhi bhagy-parikshak aur vijeta guzare hain, unamen se char ke nam logon ko abhi tak yad hain- sikandar, sultan mahamood, chngez khan aur taimoor.

taimoor lng athava 'taimoor' [shuddh shabd 'timur' hai, jisaka arabi bhasha men arth hai- loha][1] (1336 ee. - 1405 ee.) chaudahavin shatabdi ka ek shasak tha jisane mahanh taimoori rajavnsh ki sthapana ki thi. taimoor 1369 ee. men samaraknd ke amir ke roop men apane pita ke sinhasan par baitha aur isake bad hi vishv-vijay ke lie nikal pada. mesopotamiya, faras aur afaganistan ko vijit kar 1398 ee. men usane apani vishal ashv sena ke sath bharat par akraman kiya aur dilli tak badh aya. marg men usane sahasron logon ki hatya ki aur bahut se nagaron ko nasht-bhrasht kar diya. usane dilli ke nikat sultan mahamood tugalaq ki vishal sena ko nirnayak roop se parast kar diya aur 18 disnbar 1398 ee. ko dilli ke andar pravesh kiya. usake sainikon ne kee dinon tak rajadhani ki lootapat ki. dilli men vah keval 15 din ruka, phir hazaron chhakadon par loot ka mal ladakar apane vatan vapas laut gaya. march 1398 ee. men usaki sena sindhu ke jin-jin ilakon se hokar gujari, vahan arajakata, akal aur mahamari phail gayi. usake akraman se dilli saltanat ki jaden hil gayin aur usaka shighr hi patan ho gaya.[2]

barbar vyaktitv

chngez khan aur usake mngol bhi beraham aur barabadi karane vale the, par ve apane zamane ke doosare logon ki tarah hi the. lekin taimoor unase bahut hi bura tha. aniyntrit aur paishachik kroorata men usaka muqabala karane vala koee doosara nahin tha. kahate hain, ek jagah usane do hazar zinda adamiyon ki ek minar banavaee aur unhen eent aur gare men chunava diya. 'taimoor lng' doosara chngez khan banana chahata tha. vah chngez ka vnshaj hone ka dava karata tha, lekin asal men vah turk tha. vah lngada tha, isalie 'taimoor lng' kahalata tha. vah apane bap ke bad san 1369 ee. men samaraknd ka shasak bana. isake bad hi usane apani vijay aur kroorata ki yatra shuroo ki. vah bahut bada sipahasalar tha, lekin poora vahashi bhi tha. madhy eshiya ke mngol log is bich men musalaman ho chuke the aur taimoor khud bhi musalaman tha. lekin musalamanon se pala padane par vah unake sath jara bhi mulamiyat nahin baratata tha. jahan-jahan vah pahuncha, usane tabahi aur bala aur poori musibat phaila di. nar-mundon ke bade-bade dher lagavane men use khas maja ata tha. poorv men dilli se lagakar pashchim men eshiya-kochak tak usane lakhon adami qatl kar dale aur unake kate siron ko stoopon ki shaql men jamavaya.

bharat ki daulat ka akarshan

Blockquote-open.gif pita ke bad san 1369 ee. men taimoor samaraknd ka shasak bana. isake bad hi usane apani vijay aur kroorata ki yatra shuroo ki. vah bahut bada sipahasalar tha, lekin poora vahashi bhi tha. madhy eshiya ke mngol log is bich men musalaman ho chuke the aur taimoor khud bhi musalaman tha. lekin musalamanon se pala padane par vah unake sath jara bhi mulamiyat nahin baratata tha. jahan-jahan vah pahuncha, usane tabahi aur bala ki poori musibat phaila di. nar-mundon ke bade-bade dher lagavane men use khas maja ata tha. Blockquote-close.gif

bharat ki daulat ne is vahashi ko akarshit kiya. apane sipahasalaron aur amiron ko bharat par hamala karane ke lie razi karane men ise kuchh kathinaee huee. samaraknd men ek badi sabha huee, jisamen amiron ne bharat jane par isalie aitaraj kiya ki vahan garmi bahut zyada padati hai. ant men taimoor ne vada kiya ki vah bharat men thaharega nahin, loot-mar karake vapas chala ayega. usane apana vada poora bhi kiya.

tatkalin bharat

taimoor ki pratima

uttar bharat men us vaqt musalamani rajy tha. dilli men ek sultan raj karata tha. lekin yah musalamani riyasat kamazor thi aur sarahad par mngolon se barabar ladaee karate-karate isaki kamar toot gee thi. isalie jab taimoor mngolon ki fauj lekar aya to usaka koee kada muqabala nahin hua aur vah qatleam karata aur khopadiyon ke stoop banata hua maze ke sath age badhata gaya. hindoo aur musalaman donon qatl kiye ge. maloom hota hai ki unamen koee farq nahin kiya gaya. ab zyada qaidiyon ko sambhalana mushkil ho gaya to usane unake qatl ka hukm de diya aur is tarah se ek lakh qaidi mar dale ge. kahate hain, ek jagah hindoo aur musalaman donon ne milakar jauhar ki rajapooti rasm ada ki thi, yani yuddh men ladate-ladate mar jane ke lie bahar nikal pade the. raste bhar vah yahi karata gaya. taimoor ki fauj ke pichhe-pichhe akal aur mahamari chalati thi. dilli men vah 15 din raha aur usane is bade shahar ko kasaeekhana bana diya. bad men kashmir ko lootata hua vah samaraknd vapas laut gaya.

taimoor ke bad dilli

taimoor ke jane ke bad dilli murdon ka shahar rah gaya. charon taraph akal aur mahamari ka raj tha. do mahine n koee raja tha aur n sngathan, n vyavastha. bahut kam log hi vahan rah gaye. yahan tak ki jis adami ko taimoor ne dilli ka vaisaray niyukt kiya tha, vah bhi multan chala gaya.

eeran aur irak men tabahi

isake bad taimoor eeran aur irak men tabahi aur barabadi phailata hua pashchim ki taraph badha. angora men sanh 1402 ee. men usmani turkon ki ek badi fauj ke sath isaka muqabala hua. apane sainik kaushal se usane turkon ko hara diya. lekin samudr ke age usaka bas nahin chala aur vah basaphoras ko par n kar saka. isalie yoorop usase bach gaya.

vastukala ka shauqin

halanki taimoor vahashi tha, par vah samaraknd men aur madhy eshiya men doosari jagahon par khoobasoorat imaraten banavana chahata tha. isalie bahut din pahale ke sultan mahamood ki tarah usane bharat ke karigaron, rajagiron aur hoshiyar mistriyon ko ikattha kiya aur unhen apane sath le gaya. inamen se jo sabase achchhe karigar aur rajagir the, unhen usane apani shahi naukar men rakh liya. baki ko usane pashchim eshiya ke khas-khas shaharon men bhej diya. is tarah imaraten banane ki kala ki ek nee shaili ka vikas hua.

mrityu

tin varsh ke bad 18 faravari sanh 1405 ee. men, jab vah chin ki taraph badh raha tha, taimoor mar gaya. usi ke sath usaka lamba-chauda samrajy bhi, jo qarib-qarib sare pashchim eshiya men phaila hua tha, gart ho gaya. usmani turk, misr aur sunahare qabile ise khiraj dete the. lekin usaki yogyata sirf usaki adabhut sipahasalari tak hi simit thi. saiberiya ke barphistan men usaki kuchh ran-yatrayen asadharan rahi hain. par asal men vah ek jngali khanabadosh tha. usane n to koee sngathan banaya aur n hi chngez ki tarah samrajy chalane ke lie apane pichhe koee qabil adami chhoda. isalie taimoor ka samrajy usi ke sath hi khatm ho gaya aur sirf barabadi aur qatleam ki yaden apane pichhe chhod gaya. madhy eshiya men hokar jitane bhi bhagy-parikshak aur vijeta guzare hain, unamen se char ke nam logon ko abhi tak yad hain- sikandar, sultan mahamood, chngez khan aur taimoor.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- urdoo hindi shabdakosh | prishth snkhya- 297
  2. pustak- bharatiy itihas kosh | prishth snkhya- 192

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