अहिल्याबाई होल्कर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ahilyabaee holkar
ahilyabaee holkar pratima, mathura
poora nam rani ahilyabaee holkar
janm 31 mee sanh 1725 ee.
janm bhoomi chanoodi ganv (chandavad), ahamadanagar, maharashtr
mrityu 13 agast sanh 1795 ee.
abhibhavak manakoji shinde (pita)
pati/patni khnderav
sntan malerav (putr) aur muktabaee (putri)
karm bhoomi bharat
vishesh yogadan rani ahilyabaee ne kalakatta se banaras tak ki sadak, banaras men annapoorna ka mandir, gaya men vishnu mandir banavaye. isake atirikt inhonne ghat banavae, kuon aur bavadiyon ka nirman karavaya, marg banavae, bhookhon ke lie sadabrat (annakshetr ) khole, pyason ke lie pyaoo bithalaeen, mndiron men vidvanon ki niyukti shastron ke manan-chintan aur pravachan hetu ki.
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh is mahanh shasika ke lie ek shraddhanjali ke roop men indaur ghareloo havaee adadeh ka nam devi ahilyabaee holkar havaee adda rakha gaya. isi tarah indaur vishvavidyalay ko devi ahilya vishvavidyalay nam diya gaya hai.
any janakari ahilyabaee ko ek darshanik rani ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. ahilyabaee ek mahanh aur dharmaparayan stri thi. vah hindoo dharm ko manane vali thi aur bhagavan shiv ki badi bhakt thi.

maharani ahilyabaee holkar (angrezi: Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar, janm: 31 mee, 1725; mrityu: 13 agast, 1795) malhararav holkar ke putr khnderav ki patni thin. ahilyabaee kisi bade rajy ki rani nahin thin, lekin apane rajy kal men unhonne jo kuchh kiya vah ashcharyachakit karane vala hai. vah ek bahadur yoddha aur kushal tirndaj thin. unhonne kee yuddhon men apani sena ka netritv kiya aur hathi par savar hokar virata ke sath ladin.

jivan parichay

ahilyabaee ka janm 31 mee sanh 1725 men hua tha. ahilyabaee ke pita manakoji shinde ek mamooli kintu snskar vale adami the. inaka vivah indaur rajy ke snsthapak maharaj malhararav holkar ke putr khnderav se hua tha. sanh 1745 men ahilyabaee ke putr hua aur tin varsh bad ek kanya. putr ka nam malerav aur kanya ka nam muktabaee rakha. unhonne badi kushalata se apane pati ke gaurav ko jagaya. kuchh hi dinon men apane mahanh pita ke margadarshan men khanderav ek achchhe sipahi ban gaye. malhararav ko bhi dekhakar sntosh hone laga. putr-vadhoo ahilyabaee ko bhi vah rajakaj ki shiksha dete rahate the. unaki buddhi aur chaturaee se vah bahut prasann hote the. malhararav ke jivan kal men hi unake putr khnderav ka nidhan 1754 ee. men ho gaya tha. atah malhar rav ke nidhan ke bad rani ahilyabaee ne rajy ka shasan-bhar sambhala tha. rani ahilyabaee ne 1795 ee. men apani mrityu paryant badi kushalata se rajy ka shasan chalaya. unaki ganana adarsh shasakon men ki jati hai. ve apani udarata aur prajavatsalata ke lie prasiddh hain. unake ek hi putr tha malerav jo 1766 ee. men divngat ho gaya. 1767 ee. men ahilyabaee ne tukoji holkar ko senapati niyukt kiya.
ahilyabaee holkar ke samman men jari bharatiy dak tikat

nirman kary

rani ahilyabaee ne bharat ke bhinn-bhinn bhagon men anek mandiron, dharmashalaon aur annasatron ka nirman karaya tha. kalakatta se banaras tak ki sadak, banaras men annapoorna ka mandir , gaya men vishnu mandir unake banavaye hue hain. inhonne ghat bndhavae, kuon aur bavadiyon ka nirman karavaya, marg banavae, bhookhon ke lie sadabrat (annakshetr ) khole, pyason ke lie pyaoo bithalaeen, mndiron men vidvanon ki niyukti shastron ke manan-chintan aur pravachan hetu ki. unhonne apane samay ki halachal men pramukh bhag liya. rani ahilyabaee ne isake alava kashi, gaya, somanath, ayodhya, mathura, haridvar, dvarika, badrinarayan, rameshvar, jagannath puri ityadi prasiddh tirthasthanon par mndir banavae aur dharm shalaen khulavayin. kaha jata hai ki rani ahilh‍yabaee ke sh‍vaph‍n men ek bar bhagavan shiv ae. ve bhagavan shiv ki bhakt thin aur isalie unh‍honne 1777 men vishv prasiddh kashi vishvanath mndir ka nirman karaya.

shiv ji ki bhakt

unaka sara jivan vairagy, karttavy-palan aur paramarth ki sadhana ka ban gaya. bhagavan shiv ki vah badi bhakt thin. bina unake poojan ke munh men pani ki boond nahin jane deti thin. sara rajy unhonne shnkar ko arpit kar rakha tha aur ap unaki sevika banakar shasan chalati thi. 'snpati sab raghupati ke ahi'—sari snpatti bhagavan ki hai, isaka bharat ke bad pratyaksh aur ekamatr udaharan shayad vahi thin. rajagyaon par hastakshar karate samay apana nam nahin likhati thin. niche keval shri shnkar likh deti thin. unake rupayon par shnkar ka ling aur bilv patr ka chitr ankit hai or paison par nndi ka. tab se lekar bharatiy svarajy ki prapti tak indaur ke sinhasan par jitane naresh unake bad men aye sabaki rajagyaain jab tak ki shrishnkar agya jari nahin hoti, tab tak vah rajagya nahin mani jati thi aur us par amal bhi nahin hota tha. ahilyabaee ka rahan-sahan bilkul sada tha. shuddh safed vastr dharan karati thin. jevar adi kuchh nahin pahanati thi. bhagavan ki pooja, achchhe grnthon ko sunana or rajakaj adi men niyamit rahati thi.

shanti aur suraksha ki sthapana

Blockquote-open.gif malhararav holkar ke jivan kal men hi unake putr khnderav ka nidhan 1754 ee. men ho gaya tha. atah malhar rav ke nidhan ke bad rani ahilyabaee ne rajy ka shasan-bhar sambhala tha. rani ahilyabaee ne 1795 ee. men apani mrityu paryant badi kushalata se rajy ka shasan chalaya. unaki ganana adarsh shasakon men ki jati hai. Blockquote-close.gif

shasan ki bagador jab ahilyabaee ne apane hath men li, rajy men badi ashanti thi. chor, dakoo adi ke upadravon se log bahut tng the. aisi halat men unhonne dekha ki raja ka sabase pahala karttavy upadrav karane valon ko kaboo men lakar praja ko nirbhayata aur shanti pradan karana hai. upadravon men bhilon ka khas hath tha. unhonne darabar kiya aur apane sare saradaron aur praja ka dhyan is or dilate hue ghoshana ki—'jo vir purush in upadravi logon ko kaboo men le avega, usake sath main apani ladaki muktabaee ki shadi kar doongi.' is ghoshana ko sunakar yashavntarav phanase namak ek yuvak utha aur usane badi namrata se ahilyabaee se kaha ki vah yah kam kar sakata hai. maharani bahut prasann huee. yashavntarav apane kam men lag gaye aur bahut thode samay men unhonne sare rajy men shanti ki sthapana kar di. maharani ne badi prasannata aur bade samaroh ke sath muktabaee ka vivah yashavntarav phanase se kar diya. isake bad ahilyabaee ka dhyan shasan ke bhitari sudharon ki taraph gaya. rajy men shanti aur suraksha ki sthapana hote hi vyapar-vyavasay aur kala-kaushal ki badhottari hone lagi aur logon ko gyan ki upasana ka avasar bhi milane laga. narmada ke tir par maheshvari unaki rajadhani thi. vahan tarah-tarah ke karigar ane lage or shighr hi vastr-nirman ka vah ek sundar kendr ban gaya.

ahilyabaee holkar pratima, mathura

rajy ke vistar ko vyavasthit karake use tahasilon aur zilon men bant diya gaya or praja ki tatha shasan ki suvidha ko dhyan men rakhate hue tahasilon aur zilon ke kedr qayam karake jahan-jahan avashyakata pratit huee, nyayalayon ki sthapana bhi kar di gee. rajy ki sari pnchayaton ke kam ko vyavasthit kiya aur nyay pane ki sidhiyan bana di geen. akhiri apil mntri sunate the. parntu yadi unake phaisale se kisi ko sntosh n hota to maharani khud bhi apil sunati thi.

senapati ke roop men

malhararav ke bhaee-bndon men tukojirav holkar ek vishvasapatr yuvak the. malhararav ne unhen bhi sada apane sath men rakha tha aur rajakaj ke lie taiyar kar liya tha. ahilyabaee ne inhen apana senapati banaya aur chauth vasool karane ka kam unhen saunp diya. vaise to umr men tukojirav holkar ahilyabaee se bade the, parntu tukoji unhen apani mata ke saman hi manate the aur rajy ka kam poori lagan or sachchaee ke sath karate the. ahilyabaee ka un par itana prem aur vishvas tha ki vah bhi unhen putr jaisa manati thin. rajy ke kagazon men jahan kahin unaka ullekh ata hai vahan tatha muharon men bhi 'khndoji sut tukoji holkar' is prakar kaha gaya hai.

mahila sashaktikaran ki pakshadhar

bharatiy snskriti men mahilaon ko durga aur chandi ke roop men darshaya gaya hai. thik isi tarah ahilyabaee ne striyon ko unaka uchit sthan diya. narishakti ka bharapoor upayog kiya. unhonne yah bata diya ki stri kisi bhi sthiti men purush se kam nahin hai. ve svayn bhi pati ke sath ranakshetr men jaya karati thin. pati ke dehant ke bad bhi ve yudhd kshetr men utarati thin aur senaon ka netritv karati thin. ahilyabaee ke gaddi par baithane ke pahale shasan ka aisa niyam tha ki yadi kisi mahila ka pati mar jae aur usaka putr n ho to usaki snpoorn snpatti rajakosh men jama kar di jati thi, parntu ahilya baee ne is qanoon ko badal diya aur mritak ki vidhava ko yah adhikar diya ki vah pati dvara chhodi huee snpatti ki varis rahegi aur apani ichchhanusar apane upayog men lae aur chahe to usaka sukh bhoge ya apani snpatti se janakalyan ke kam kare. ahilya baee ki khas vishesh sevak ek mahila hi thi. apane shasanakal men unhonne nadiyon par jo ghat snan adi ke lie banavae the, unamen mahilaon ke lie alag vyavastha bhi hua karati thi. striyon ke man-samman ka bada dhyan rakha jata tha. ladakiyon ko padhane-likhane ka jo gharon men thoda-sa chalan tha, use vistar diya gaya. dan-dakshina dene men mahilaon ka ve vishesh dhyan rakhati thin.

kuchh udaharan
  • ek samay bundelakhnd ke chanderi mukam se ek achchha ‘dhoti-joda’ aya tha, jo us samay bahut prasiddh hua karata tha. ahilya baee ne use svikar kiya. us samay ek sevika jo vahan maujood thi vah dhoti-jode ko badi lalachaee najaron se dekh rahi thi. ahilyabaee ne jab yah dekha to us kimati jode ko us sevika ko de diya.
  • isi prakar ek bar unake damad ne pooja-archana ke lie kuchh bahumooly samagri bheji thi. us saman ko ek kamazor bhikharin jisaka nam tha sindoori, use de diya. kisi sevika ne yad dilaya ki is saman ki zaroorat apako bhi hai parantu unhonne yah kahakar sevika ki bat ko nakar diya ki unake pas aur hain.

kisi mahila ka pairon par gir padana ahilya baee ko pasand nahin tha. ve turnt apane donon hathon ka sahara dekar use utha liya karati thin. unake sir par hath pheratin aur dhadhas bndhati. rone vali striyon ko ve unake ansuon ko rokane ke lie kahatin, ansuon ko snbhalakar rakhane ka upadesh detin aur uchit samay par unake upayog ki bat kahatin. us samay kisi purush ki maujoodagi ko ve achchha nahin samajhati thin. yadi koee purush kisi karan maujood bhi hota to ve use kisi bahane vahan se hat jane ko kah detin. is prakar ek mahila ki vyatha, usaki bhavana ko ekant men sunatin, samajhatin thin. yadi koee kathinaee ya koee samasya hoti to use hal kar detin athava usaki vyavastha karavatin. mahilaon ko ekant men apani bat khulakar kahane ka adhikar tha. rajy ke dooradaraj ke kshetron ka daura karana, vahan praja ki baten, unaki samasyaen sunana, unaka hal talash karana unhen bahut bhata tha. ahilyabaee, jo apane lie pasand karati thin, vahi doosaron ke lie pasnd karati thin. isalie visheshataur par mahilaon ko tyagamay upadesh bhi diya karati thin.

  • ek bar holkar rajy ki do vidhavaen ahilyabaee ke pas aeen, donon badi dhanavan thin, parantu donon ke pas koee santan nahin thi. ve ahilyabaee se prabhavit thin. apani apar snpatti ahilyabaee ke charanon men arpit karana chahati thin. snpatti nyochhavar karane ki agya mangi, parantu unhonne un donon ko yah kahakar mana kar diya ki jaise mainne apani snpatti janakalyan men lagaee hai, usi prakar tum bhi apani snpatti ko janahit men lagao. un vidhavaon ne aisa hi kiya aur ve dhany ho geen.[1]

mrityu

rajy ki chinta ka bhar aur us par pranon se bhi pyare logon ka viyog. is sare shok-bhar ko ahilyabaee ka sharir adhik nahin snbhal saka. aur 13 agast sanh 1795 ko unaki jivan-lila samapt ho gee. ahilyabaee ke nidhan ke bad tukoji indaur ki gaddi par baitha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahila sashaktikaran ki pakshadhar thin ahilyabaee (hindi) dakshin bharat rashtrimat. abhigaman tithi: 16 apral, 2013.

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