नाना फड़नवीस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nana phadanavis
nana phadanavis
janm 12 pharavari 1742 ee.
mrityu tithi 13 march 1800 ee.
prasiddhi nana phadanavis apani chaturaee aur buddhimatta ke liye bahut prasiddh tha.
yuddh 1775 se 1783 ee. tak angrezon ke viruddh pratham maratha yuddh tatha 1784 ee. men nana phadanavis ne maisoor ke shasak tipoo sultan se loha liya tha.
shasan kal 1774 ee.-1800 ee.
snbndhit lekh shivaji, shahaji bhonsale, shambhaji peshava, balaji vishvanath, bajirav pratham, bajirav dvitiy, rajaram shivaji, gvaliyar, daulatarav shinde, salabaee ki sandhi, tipoo sultan, maisoor yuddh, angl-maratha yuddh, panipat yuddh
any janakari rajy men virodhiyon ke hote hue bhi nana phadanavis apani chaturaee se samast virodhon ke bavajood apani satta banaye rakhane men saphal raha. 1775 ee. se 1783 ee. tak usane angrezon ke viruddh pratham maratha yuddh ka snchalan kiya. salabaee ki sandhi se is yuddh ki samapti huee thi.

nana phadanavis (angrezi: Nana Fadnavis, janm: 12 pharavari 1742 ee.- mrityu: 13 march 1800 ee.) ek maratha rajaneta tha, jo panipat ke tritiy yuddh ke samay peshava ki seva men niyukt tha. vah apani chaturaee aur buddhimatta ke liye bahut prasiddh hai. 1800 ee. men nana phadanavis ki mrityu ho gee thi. nana phadanavis ne raghunatharav (raghova) ki svayn peshava banane ki sari koshishen nakam kar di thin. nana phadanavis ka tipoo sultan se bhi yuddh hua tha. usane maratha samrajy ki shakti ko ek chhatr ke niche ekatr karane ki saphal cheshta ki thi. peshava shasan ke dauran nana phadanavis maratha samrajy ke prabhavashali mntri v kootanitigy the. yooropiyon dvara unhen maratha maikiyaveli (suprasiddh italavi kootanitigy nikolo maikiyaveli par adharit nam) kaha jata tha.

maratha rajy ka snchalan

nana phadanavis yuddhabhoomi se jivit laut aya tha. isake bad 1773 ee. men narayanarav peshava ki hatya kara kar usake chacha raghova ne jab svayn gaddi hathiyane ka prayatn kiya, to usane usaka virodh kiya. nana phadanavis ne narayanarav ke maranoparant utpann putr madhavarav narayan ko 1774 ee. men peshava ki gaddi par baithakar raghova ki chal viphal kar di. nana phadanavis hi alpavayask peshava ka mukhyamntri bana aur 1774 se 1800 ee. men mrityuparyant maratha rajy ka snchalan karata raha. kintu usaki sthiti nishkntak n thi, kyonki any maratha saradar, visheshakar mahadaji shinde usake virodhi the.

nana phadanavis ki chaturaee

rajy men itane virodhi hote hue bhi nana phadanavis apani chaturaee se samast virodhon ke bavajood apani satta banaye rakhane men saphal raha. 1775 se 1783 ee. tak usane angrezon ke viruddh pratham maratha yuddh ka snchalan kiya. salabaee ki sandhi se is yuddh ki samapti huee thi. ukt sndhi ke anusar raghoba ko penshan de gee aur marathon ko sashti ke atirikt any kisi bhoobhag se hath nahin dhona pada. 1784 ee. men hi nana phadanavis ne maisoor ke shasak tipoo sultan se loha liya aur kuchh aise ilake pun: prapt kar liye, jinhen tipoo ne balapoorvak apane adhikar men kar liya tha. 1789 ee. men tipoo sultan ke viruddh usane angrezon aur nizam ka sath diya tatha tritiy maisoor yuddh men bhi bhag liya. jisake phalasvaroop marathon ko tipoo ke rajy ka ek bhoobhag prapt hua.

nishkntak rajy snchalan

1794 ee. men mahadaji shinde ki mrityu ho jane se nana phadanavis ka ek prabal pratidvandvi uth gaya aur usake bad nana phadanavis ne nirvirodh maratha rajaniti ka snchalan kiya. 1795 ee. men usane maratha sngh ki sammilit senaon ka nizam ke viruddh snchalan kiya aur kharda ke yuddh men nizam ki parajay huee. phalasvaroop nizam ko apane rajy ke kee mahattvapoorn bhoobhag marathon ko dene pade.

maratha shakti ka vibhajan

1796 ee. men nana phadanavis ke kathor niyntran se tng akar madhavarav narayan peshava ne atmahatya kar li. uparant raghova ka putr bajirav dvitiy peshava bana, jo prarambh se hi nana phadanavis ka prabal virodhi tha. is prakar brahman peshava aur usake brahman mukhyamntri men pratidvandvita chal padi. donon men se kisi men bhi sainik kshamata nahin thi, kintu donon hi rajaniti ke chatur evn dhoort khiladi the. donon ke paraspar shadayntr se marathon ka do virodhi shiviron men vibhajan ho gaya, jisase peshava ki sthiti aur bhi kamazor pad gee. isake bavajood nana phadanavis ajivan maratha sngh ko ek sootr men abaddh rakhane men samarth raha.

mrityu

13 march, 1800 ee. men nana phadanavis ki mrityu ho gee aur isake sath hi marathon ki samast kshamata, chaturata aur soojhaboojh ka bhi ant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 220.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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