शाहू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shahoo
shahoo
any nam shivaji dvitiy, sadhu
janm 18 mee 1682
janm bhoomi ganguli ganv
mrityu tithi 15 disambar 1789
mrityu sthan rngamahal satara
pita/mata shambhuji, yesoobaee
rajyabhishek 22 janavari 1708 ee., satara
shasan kal 1708 ee. 1749 ee.
snbndhit lekh shahaji bhonsale, shivaji, shambhaji, peshava, balaji vishvanath, bajirav pratham, bajirav dvitiy
any janakari bajirav pratham tatha balaji bajirav ne, jo kramash: dvitiy tatha tritiy peshava hue, shahoo ki shakti evn satta ka uttari tatha dakshini bharat men vishesh vistar kiya. vastut: shahoo ne peshava ka pad balaji vishvanath ke vnshajon ko paitrik roop men de diya tha.

shahoo, jise 'shivaji dvitiy' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai, chhatrapati shivaji ka pautr tatha shambhuji aur yesoobaee ka putr tha. shahoo, shambhuji ka uttaradhikari tha, jisane rajaram aur tarabaee ke putr shivaji tritiy ko apani adhinata svikar karane ke liye vivash kiya. badashah aurngazeb ne 'shivaji dvitiy' (shahoo) ko 'sadhu' kahana shuroo kiya tha, isi se usaka nam shahoo ho gaya. shahoo ne peshava balaji vishvanath ki sahayata se maratha samrajy ko ek navin shakti ke roop men snghatit kiya tha.

mugalon ka bandi

1689 ee. men rayagadh maharashtr ke patan ke bad shahoo, usaki man yesoobaee evn any mahattvapoorn maratha logon ko qaid kar aurngazeb ke shivir men nazaraband kar diya gaya. us samay shahoo balak tha aur vah bandi banakar mugal darabar men laya gaya. usaka bhi vastavik nam shivaji tha, kintu use shivaji dvitiy ke nam se jana jata tha. aurngazeb ki drishti men shivaji pratham kapati the. at: donon men bhed karane ke lie usane shahoo ko sadhu kahana prarambh kiya aur yahi 'sadhu' shabd apabhrnsh roop men shahoo ho gaya. 1707 ee. men aurngazeb ki mrityu ke uparant samrat bahadur shah pratham ne use mukt kar diya. adhik samay tak mugal darabar men rahane ke karan shahoo ka drishtikon marathon-sa n hokar mugalon jaisa ho gaya tha. usake maharashtr lautate hi marathe do dalon men vibhakt ho ge. ek dal usaka svayn ka tha tatha doosara dal isake chacha rajaram ke putr shivaji tritiy ka samarthak tha.

ekachhatr shasak

aurngazeb ki mrityu ke bad shahoo apane kuchh sathiyon ke sath vapas maharashtr a gaya, jahan par parasoji bhonsale (raghuji bhonsale tritiy), bhavi peshava balaji vishvanath aur ranoji sindhiya ne usaka sath diya. shahoo ne suyogy vyakti balaji vishvanath ko peshava ke pad par asin kiya. shahoo ne satara par ghera dalakar vahan ki tatkalin shasika rajaram ki vidhava patni tarabaee (shahoo ki chachi) ke viruddh yuddh ki ghoshana kar di. tarabaee ne dhanaji jadav ke netritv men ek sena ko shahoo ka muqabala karane ke lie bheja. aktoobar, 1707 ee. men prasiddh 'kheda ka yuddh' hua, parantu kootaniti ka sahara lekar shahoo ne jadav ko apani or mila liya. tarabaee ne apane sabhi mahattvapoorn adhikariyon ke sath panhala men sharan li. shahoo ne 22 janavari, 1708 ee. ko satara men apana rajyabhishak karavaya. shahoo ke netritv men navin maratha samrajyavad ke pravartak peshava log the, jo chhatrapati shahoo ke paitrik pradhanamntri the, jinaki sahayata se shahoo marathon ka ekachhatr shasak ban gaya.

peshava pad

peshava karyakal
balaji vishvanath 1713-1720 ee.
bajirav pratham 1720-1740 ee.
balaji bajirav 1740-1761 ee.
madhavarav pratham 1761-1772 ee.
narayanarav 1772-1773 ee.
raghunatharav 1773-1774 ee.
madhavarav dvitiy 1774-1795 ee.
bajirav dvitiy 1796-1818 ee.

'peshava' ka pad moolaroop se shivaji dvara niyukt ashtapradhanon men se ek tha. peshava ko 'mukhy pradhan' bhi kahate the. usaka kary samany riti se prajahit par dhyan rakhana tha. bajirav pratham tatha balaji bajirav ne, jo kramash: dvitiy tatha tritiy peshava hue, shahoo ki shakti evn satta ka uttari tatha dakshini bharat men vishesh vistar kiya. vastut: shahoo ne peshava ka pad balaji vishvanath ke vnshajon ko paitrik roop men de diya tha aur svayn rajyakary men vishesh ruchi n lekar shasan ka samast bhar peshavaon par hi chhod diya. is niti ke phalasvaroop raja nahin apitu peshava hi maratha rajy ke sarvesarva ban gaye.

mrityu

1749 ee. men shahoo ki mrityu ke bad peshava hi mool roop se maratha samrajy ke shasak ho ge. shahoo ne rajaram aur tarabaee ke pautr (shivaji tritiy) ko apana dattak putr banakar usaka nam ram raja rakha tha. parampara ke anusar ram raja ne satara men apana darabar sthapit kiya, kintu vah peshava ke hathon ki kathaputali hi siddh hua.  

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 448.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah