बालाजी विश्वनाथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

balaji vishvanath
balaji vishvanath, shrivardhan, maharashtr
poora nam peshava balaji vishvanath
any nam balaji vishvanath bhat
janm 1662 ee.
janm bhoomi shrivardhan, maharashtr
mrityu tithi 2 aprail[1][2], 1720 ee.
mrityu sthan sasvad, maharashtr
pita/mata vishvanath visaji (bhat) deshamukh
pati/patni radhabaee
sntan bajirav pratham
upadhi pratham peshava
dharmik manyata hindoo (brahman)
vnsh maratha
matribhasha marathi
any janakari ye ek brahman parivar se the aur 18vin sadi ke dauran maratha samrajy ka prabhavi niyntran inake hathon men a gaya tha.

balaji vishvanath (angrezi: Balaji Vishwanath, pratham peshava, janm: 1662 ee.; mrityu: 2 aprail[1], 1720 ee.), jinaka janm ek nirdhan parivar men hua tha. shahoo ke senapati dhanaji jadav ne 1708 ee. men use 'karakoon' (rajasv ka klark) niyukt kiya tha. dhanaji jadav ki mrityu ke uparant vah usake putr chandrasen jadav ke sath snyukt raha. chandrasen jadav ne use 1712 ee. men 'senakartte' (sainyabhar ka sngathanakarta) ki upadhi di. is prakar use ek asainik shasak tatha sainik sngathanakarta-donon roopon men apani yogyata pradarshit karane ka avasar mila. shighr hi shahoo ne usake dvara ki gee bahumooly sevaon ko svikar kiya aur 16 navambar, 1713 ee. ko use "peshava" (pradhanamntri) niyukt kiya.

vnsh v senapati ka pad

konkan ke 'chittapavan vnsh' ka brahman balaji vishvanath apani buddhi evn pratibha ke karan prasiddh tha. balaji ko karon ke bare men achchhi janakari thi, isalie shahoo ne use apani sena men liya tha. 1669 se 1702 ee. ke madhy balaji vishvanath poona evn daulatabad ka soobedar raha. 1707 ee. men 'kheda ke yuddh' men usane shahoo ko samarthan dete hue tarabaee ke senapati dhanaji jadav ko shahoo ki or karane ka mahattvapoorn kary kiya. dhanaji jadav ki mrityoparant usake putr chandrasen jadav ko shahoo ne senapati banaya. parantu usaka tarabaee ke prati jhukav dekhakar, use senapati ke pad se hata diya, aur sath hi usane naya senapati balaji vishvanath ko bana diya.

peshava ka pad

senapati ka pad chhin jane se chandrasen kafi krodhit tha, tatha ise apana sabase bada apaman samajhata tha. isilie kalantar men chandrasen evn 'sima rakshak' kanhoji angade ke sahayog se tarabaee ne chhatrapati shahoo evn usake peshava bahiropant pingale ko kaid kar liya. parantu balaji ki saphal kootaniti rng layi. kanhoji bagair yuddh ke hi shahoo ki taraf a gaya tatha chandrasen yuddh men parajit hua. is tarah shahoo ko apane ko punasrthapit karane ka ek avasar mila. 1713 ee. men balaji ko shahoo ne apana peshava banaya.

mugalon se sndhi

1719 ee. men shahoo ke netritv men peshava balaji vishvanath ne saiyyad bndhuon ki pahal par mugal samrat se ek sndhi ki jisaki sharte nimnalikhit thi-

  1. shahoo ko shivaji ke ve pradesh lauta diye jayenge, jinhen vah 'svaraj' kahata tha.
  2. haidarabad, gondavana, khanadesh, barar evn karnatak ke ve pradesh bhi shahoo ko vapas kar diye jayenge, jinhen marathon ne hal hi men jita tha.
  3. dakkan ke pradesh men marathon ko 'chauth' evn 'saradeshamukhi' vasool karane ka adhikar hoga, jisake badale marathe qarib 15,000 javanon ki ek sainik tukadi samrat ki seva hetu rakhenge.
  4. shahoo mugal samrat ko prativarsh lagabhag das lakh rupaye ka kar khiraj dega.
  5. mugal qaid se shahoo ki man evn bhaee samet sabhi sage-sambandhiyon ko azad kar diya jayega.

mrityu

is sndhi ko 'sar richard tempal' ne 'maratha samrajy ka maignakarta' ki sngya di hai. sndhi ke phalasvaroop marathon ko mugal rajaniti men pratyaksh roop se hastakshep ka avasar mila, jaisa ki balaji vishvanath ke 15000 sainikon sahit dilli men pravesh se spasht hai. in sainikon ki sahayata se saiyyad bandhuon ne samrat farrukhasiyar ko sinhasan se utarakar rafiuddarajat ko samrat banaya, jinhonne is sandhi ko svikar kar liya. shoony se lekar peshava ke mahattvapoorn pad ka saphar tay karane vale balaji vishvanath ka 2 aprail[2], 1720 ko dehant ho gaya. kintu apani mrityu se pahale ve shahoo ki sthiti ko maharashtr men dridh kar chuke the, tatha mugal badashah se shahoo ke lie chhatrapati pad ki svikrit bhi prapt kar chuke the.

peshava pad ki vnshagati

balaji vishvanath dvara ki gee sevaon se maratha samrajy apane gauravapoorn atit ko ek bar phir se prapt karane men kafi had tak saphal ho chuka tha. isilie usake dvara ki gee mahattvapoorn sevaon ka phal raja shahoo ne use usake jite ji de diya tha. shahoo ne peshava ka pad ab balaji vishvanath ke parivar ke lie vnshagat kar diya. isilie balaji vishvanath ki mrityu ke bad usake putr bajirav pratham ko peshava ka pad pradan kar diya gaya, jo ek vir, sahasi aur ek samajhadar rajanitigy tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 Balaji Vishwanath Bhat
  2. 2.0 2.1 inaki mrityu ki tithi nishchit nahin hai. kahin-kahin ye 12 aprail, 1720 bhi paee gee hai.
  • bharatiy itihas kosh, prishth- 286

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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