उमाबाई दाभाड़े  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

umabaee dabhade abhone ke thoke saradar parivar ki thin. pita ka nam anbhorakar thoke tha. vivah gujarat ke khnderav dabhade ke sath hua tha. khnderav dabhade sar ke prasiddh saradaron men se the. inaki anupam sevaon se prasann ho sahoo ne inhen 1717 ee. men senapati ka pad diya. umabaee tatha trinbakarav damade ne sahoo ko maratha saradaron ke akraman ke vishay men likha kintu koee sntoshaprad uttar nahin prapt hua. unhonne apani raksha ke lie aise saradaron ko ekatr kiya jo bajirav se asntusht the.

senapati ka pad

inaki anupam sevaon se prasann ho sahoo ne inhen 1717 ee. men senapati ka pad diya. is avasar par umabaee ko vahaje aur kurla ke gram upahar men mile. umabaee ke tin putr the. trinbakarav baboorav tatha yashavantarav. trinbakarav dabhade ko sahoo ne 1717 ee. men sena khas khel ka pad diya. umabaee vir aur sahasi thin. apane pati khnderav ke karyon men hath bataya karati thin. rajaram aur phir tarabaee ne vibhinn prant saradaron men bant die the. khnderav dabhade ko gujarat ka prant prapt hua tha. jab khnderav dabhade ki mrityu 28 navnbar, 1729 kon ho gee, tab umabaee ka atyadhik du:kh hua. unake putr trinbakarav ko senapati ka pad 8 janavari, 1730 ee. ko diya gaya. ve yoddha the par anubhavahin the at: bahut se mamalon men umabaee ko hi age badhana pada. aise dukhd vatavaran men chimaji appa apani sena le gujarat men pravisht hue. vahan ke rajapratinidhi[1] sar bulnd khan se gujarat se kar vasool karane ka adhikar prapt karana chaha. isi samay holkar, sindhiya aur anndarav pavar gujarat ke vibhinn sthanon men lootapat macha rahe the. umabaee chintit huee.

trinbakarav dabhade ki mrityu

umabaee tatha trinbakarav damade ne sahoo ko maratha saradaron ke akraman ke vishay men likha kintu koee sntoshaprad uttar nahin prapt hua. unhonne apani raksha ke lie aise saradaron ko ekatr kiya jo bajirav se asntusht the. unhen nijamulamulk aur snbhaji[2] se bhi sahayata ka ashvasan mila. bajirav bhi janate the ki ek n ek din dabhade se unhen yuddh karana padega. unhonne bhi apane saradaron ko ekatrit kiya. umabaee ke snbndhi bhaoosinh aur dalapatarav thonke ko bhi apani or kar liya. umabaee atynt krodhit hueen. 1731 men 50,000 sena sahit trinbakarav dabhade dabhoee ki or badhe. bajirav ki sena bhi age badhi. sahoo senapati aur peshava ke bich shatruta nahin chahate the. unhonne turnt chimaji appa ke chauth vasool karane ke adhikar ko radd kar diya par peshava ne yah samachar umabaee ko nahin diya. umabaee dabhode ki sena aur peshava ki sena men 1 aprail, 1731 ee ko dabhoee ke maidan men ghamasan yuddh hua jisamen trinbakarav dabhade ki mrityu ho gee. vijayi hone par bhi bajirav ranakshetr chhod bhage. dabhade bhaiyon ne unaka pichha kiya. bajirav sahoo ke pas pahunche aur pranadan manga. sahoo ki madhyasthata se dabhade bhaee laute parntu bajirav ko chetavani di ki ve apane bhaee ki mrityu ka badala avashy lenge. trinbakarav ki mrityu se umabaee du:khit huee aur apane putr yashavntarav ke sath satara aeen. sahoo ne ek talavar umabaee ko di. bajirav ko upasthit kiya. umabaee se apane putr ki mrityu ka badala lene ke lie kaha. bajirav ne umabaee se kisi bhi mooly par pranadan ki bhiksha mangi. umabaee ne kshama to kiya parntu bajirav ko shanti se nahin baithane diya.

umabaee ke putr yashavntarav dabhade ko senapati ka pad prapt hua. sahoo ne gujarat aur malava ki sima nirdharit ki. 'kar' vasool karane ka adhikar dabhade ko diya aur use sidhe rajakosh men bhejane ka adesh diya. umabaee ne rajakosh men poora paisa nahin bheja. peshava ne apane kuchh saradaron ko 'kar' vasool karane ko niyukt kiya. umabaee ne svayn kar vasool karana arnbh kiya. yahan tak ki mogalaee prant se bhi vah 'kar' lena nahin chhodati thin. isi bich unake senapati pilaji gayakabad ki hatya 1732 ee. men kar di gee. usaka badala lene ka vah, unake putr damaji gayakavad aur yashavntarav dabhade tatha sainikon sahit ahamadabad ki or badhin aur use raund dala. ant men jab abhayasinh ne dabhade ka 'chauth' tatha 'saradeshamukhi' vasool karane ka adhikar svikar kiya tab ve lautin.

bajirav ki mrityu

umabaee ke putr aur senapati damaji gayakavad sahoo ko 'paisa' bhejane ke paksh men n the. umabaee chahati thin ki rajakosh avashy bheja jae. unhonne kaushalapoorvak apane putr baboorav ko uchit marg darshaya aur kisi bhi prakar 'paisa' prapt kar satara bheja. bajirav ki mrityu ke pashchat umabaee ka krodh shant hua. unake putr balaji ke prati unaka vyavahar thik tha par jab balaji ne sahoo ki mrityu ke pashchath‌ gujarat se 'kar' manga, umabaee ne usaka virodh kiya aur apane pratinidhi[3] yadav mahadev nirgude ko peshava ke pas bheja. peshava apani bat par atal the. umabaee svayn satara aee aur peshavako samajhane ka prayatn kiya. balaji ne apana hath n chhoda.

peshava yuddh

umabaee ko isi bich tarabaee ka sahara mila. tarabaee ne peshava se yuddh karane ki taiyari kar li thi. umabaee bhi usamen sammilit ho geen. unaki phauj drut gati se poona aur satara ki or badhi. peshava ki sena achanak umabaee ki sena par toot padi. is apratyashit hamale ko gujarat ki sena n rok saki. 16 mee, 1551 ee. ko umabaee bndi ke roop men poona ke holkaravada men rakhi gee. peshava ne purani sharton ko doharaya. damaji gayakavad ne peshava ki sharton ko man liya. peshava ne itana dhan dena svikar kiya jisase dabhade parivar sammanapoorvak apana jivan vyatit kar sake.

mrityu

umabaee aur any sathi mukt hue aur gujarat laute. tatpashchath‌ umabaee jivan se udasin ho geen. dabhade parivar ko arthik snkat ka samana karana pada par unhonne peshava se kabhi isaki shikayat nahin ki. 1753 ee men umabaee ki mrityu ho gee.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Governor
  2. kolhapur
  3. Agent
  4. hindi vishvakosh, khand 6 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 30-31 |

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