Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

मराठा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maratha
chhatrapati shivaji maharaj
vivaran bharat ke ve pramukh log, jo itihas men kshetr rakshak yoddha aur hindoo dharm ke samarthak ke roop men vikhyat hain, inaka grihakshetr, aj ka marathi bhashi kshetr maharashtr rajy hai.
any nam 'maharatta' ya 'maharatti'
sthapana 17vin shatabdi
bhasha marathi
rajy maharashtr
maratha yuddh pratham yuddh- 1775-1782 ee.

dvitiy yuddh- 1803-1805 ee.
tritiy yuddh- 1817-1818ee.

shasan aur sainy vyavastha maratha samrajy hindoo tatha musalaman shasan evn sainy vyavastha ka mishrit roop tha. isaka sootrapat shivaji ne kiya, isamen samast rajyashakti raja ke hath men rahati thi.
maratha jati lagabhag 6.5 karod
snbndhit lekh shivaji, shahaji bhonsale, jijabaee, shambhaji, shahoo, tarabaee, balaji bajirav, balaji vishvanath, bajirav pratham, bajirav dvitiy maharashtr, tukaram, marathi
any janakari shivaji ne 'hindoo pad padashahi' evn 'hindutv dharmoddharak' ki upadhi grahan kar punah brahmanon ki raksha ka pran kiya, jo maratha utkarsh ka ek karan raha. in sab karanon ke sath marathon ke utthan men shivaji ki bhoomika evn unake chamatkari vyaktitv ko bhulaya nahin ja sakata.


maratha logon ko 'maharatta' ya 'maharatti' bhi kaha jata hai. bharat ke ve pramukh log, jo itihas men 'kshetr rakshak yoddha' aur hindoo dharm ke samarthak ke roop men vikhyat hain, inaka grihakshetr aj ka marathi bhashi kshetr maharashtr rajy hai, jisaka pashchimi kshetr samudr tat ke kinare munbee (bhootapoorv bnbee) se gova tak aur antarik kshetr poorv men lagabhag 160 kimi. nagapur tak phaila hua tha. maratha shabd ka tin milate-julate arthon men upayog hota hai-marathi bhashi kshetr men isase ekamatr prabhutvashali maratha jati, ya marathon aur kunbhi jati ke ek samooh ka bodh hota hai. maharashtr ke bahar mote taur par isase samoochi kshetriy marathi bhashi abadi ka bodh hota hai, jisaki snkhya lagabhag 6.5 karod hai.

itihas

shivaji ke pratinidhitv men maratha shakti ke utthan ko madhyakalin bharat ke itihas ki ek mahattvapoorn ghatana ke roop men mana jata hai. marathon ke utkarsh ke karanon men mahattvapoorn karan tha- ‘maharashtr ki bhaugolik sthiti.’ choonki yah pradesh adhikanshatah pahadon, nadiyon, jngalon evn anupajaoo bhoomi vala kshetr tha, isalie yahan ke log jujharoo vyaktitv ke dhani the. doosara karan, pahadi pradesh ke nivasi hone ke karan marathe svasth evn balishth hote the. tisare, choonki marathe pahadi kshetron men rahate the, isalie ye chhapamar yuddh shaili (gorilla yuddh) men kafi nipun the.

kul aur vnsh

aitihasik roop men maratha shabd shivaji dvara 17vin shatabdi men sthapit rajy aur unake uttaradhikariyon dvara 18vin shatabdi men vistarit kshetriy rajy ke lie prayukt hota hai. maratha jati ke log mukhyatah gramin kisan, zamindar aur sainik the. kuchh marathon aur kunbhiyon ne kabhi-kabhi kshatriy hone ka dava bhi kiya, aur isaki pushti ve apane kul-nam v vnshavali ko mahakavyon ke nayakon, uttar ke rajapoot vnshon ya poorv madhyakal ke aitihasik rajavnshon se jodakar karate hain. maratha aur kunbhi samooh ki jatiyan tatiy, pashchimi pahadiyon aur dakkan ke maidan ke upasamoohon men bnti huee hain, aur unake bich apas men vaivahik snbndh kam hi hote hain. pratyek up kshetr men in jatiyon ke gotron ko vibhinn samaj mndalon men kramashah ghatate hue kram men vargikrit kiya gaya hai. sabase bade samajik mndal men 96 gotr shamil hain. jinamen sabhi asali maratha batae jate hain. lekin in 96 gotron ki soochiyon men kafi vividhata aur vivad hain.

chhatrapati shivaji maharaj
Chatrapati Shivaji Mahraj

dharm sudharakon ka yogadan

16vin evn 17vin shatabdi men bharat men hue dharmik andolanon ne maharashtr men tukaram, ramadas, vaman pndit evn ekanath jaise dharm sudharakon ko janm diya. in sabake upadeshon ne marathon ko ekata ke sootr men bandhane evn deshabhakti ki bhavana jagane men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. in dharmonpadesh dvara maharashtr ki bhasha 'marathi' ko apane upadeshon ka madhyam banane ke karan marathi sahity ka vikas hua. bhasha evn sahity ke vikas ne bhi marathon ke utkarsh men bhoomika nibhayi.

uchch pad prapti

dakshini ke muslim rajyon ke rajasv vibhag men karyarat marathon ko shasan kala evn yuddh kala ki shiksha unhin rajyon se mili thi. shahaji bhonsale, mushararav, madanapndit aur rajaray parivar ke sadasyon ne in muslim rajyon men soobedar, mntri divan adi anek mahattvapoorn padon ko dharan kiya tha. golakunda, bidar aur bijapur ke namamatr ke musalaman shasak apane sainik evn asainik donon vibhag ki kushalata ke marathon par nirbhar the. is prakar maratha shakti ke utkarsh men dakshini rajyon ki bhoomika nirvivad hai.

shivaji ki prerana

aurngazeb ki hindoo virodhi niti ka hi parinam tha ki, shivaji ne 'hindoo pad padashahi' evn 'hindutv dhamoddharak' ki upadhi grahan kar punah brahmanon ki raksha ka pran kiya, jo maratha utkarsh ka ek karan raha. in sab karanon ke sath marathon ke utthan men shivaji ki bhoomika evn unake chamatkari vyaktitv ko bhulaya nahin ja sakata. shivaji ne anu ke kanon ki tarah phaile hue marathon ko apane kushal netritv evn rashtriyata ke sndeshon ke madhyam se ekata ke sootr men bandha aur isake sath hi marathon ki us shakti ka jagaya, jo unake andar varshon se chhipi thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

dhyan den dekhen maratha samrajy

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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