शिवाजी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज se punarnirdeshit)
shivaji vishay soochi
shivaji
shivaji
poora nam shivaji raje bhonsale
any nam chhatrapati shivaji maharaj
janm 19 faravari, 1630
janm bhoomi shivaneri, maharashtr
mrityu tithi 3 aprail, 1680
mrityu sthan durg rayagadh
pita/mata shahaji bhonsale, jijabaee
pati/patni saibaeen nimbalakar
sntan sambhaji
upadhi chhatrapati
shasan kal 1642 - 1680 ee.
sha. avadhi 38 varsh
rajyabhishek 6 joon, 1674 ee.
dharmik manyata hindoo dharm
yuddh mugalon ke viruddh anek yuddh hue
nirman anek qilon ka nirman aur punaruddhar
sudhar-parivartan hindoo rajy ki sthapana
rajadhani durg rajagadh
poorvadhikari shahaji bhonsale
uttaradhikari sambhaji
rajagharana maratha samrajy
vnsh bhonsale
smarak maharashtr
snbndhit lekh tana ji, maharashtr, rayagadh, samarth guru ramadas, poona
any janakari "shiv sootr" (gurilla yuddh) ka arambh kiya.

shivaji (angrezi: Shivaji, poora nam: 'shivaji raje bhonsale', janm: 19 faravari, 1630 ee.; mrityu: 3 aprail, 1680 ee.) pashchimi bharat ke maratha samrajy ke snsthapak the. shivaji ke pita ka nam shahaji bhonsale aur mata ka nam jijabaee tha. senanayak ke roop men shivaji ki mahanata nirvivad rahi hai. shivaji ne anek qilon ka nirman aur punaruddhar karavaya. unake nirdeshanusar san 1679 ee. men annaji datton ne ek vistrit bhoo-sarvekshan karavaya, jisake parinamasvaroop ek naya rajasv nirdharan hua.

jivan parichay

inake pitaji shahaji bhonsale ne shivaji ke janm ke uparant hi apani patni jijabaee ko prayah tyag diya tha. unaka bachapan bahut upekshit raha aur ve sauteli man ke karan bahut dinon tak pita ke snrakshan se vnchit rahe. unake pita shooravir the aur apani doosari patni tukabaee mohite par akarshit the. jijabaee uchch kul men utpann pratibhashali hote hue bhi tiraskrit jivan ji rahi thin. jijabaee yadav vnsh se thin. unake pita ek shaktishali aur prabhavashali samant the. balak shivaji ka lalan-palan unake sthaniy snrakshak dadaji kondadev, jijabaee tatha samarth guru ramadas ki dekharekh men hua.

arnbhik jivan

shivaji prabhavashali kulinon ke vnshaj the. us samay bharat par muslim shasan tha. uttari bharat men mugalon tatha dakshin men bijapur aur golakunda men muslim sultanon ka, ye tinon hi apani shakti ke zor par shasan karate the aur praja ke prati kartavy ki bhavana nahin rakhate the. shivaji ki paitrik jayadad bijapur ke sultan dvara shasit dakkan men thi. unhonne muslimon dvara kie ja rahe daman aur dharmik utpidan ko itana asahaniy paya ki 16 varsh ki ayu tak pahunchate-pahunchate unhen vishvas ho gaya ki hinduon ki mukti ke lie eeshvar ne unhen niyukt kiya hai. unaka yahi vishvas jivan bhar unaka margadarshan karata raha. unaki vidhava mata, jo svatntr vicharon vali hindoo kulin mahila thi, ne janm se hi unhen dabe-kuchale hinduon ke adhikaron ke lie ladane aur muslim shasakon ko ukhad phainkane ki shiksha di thi.

Chatrapati Shivaji-2.jpg

shivaji aur jayasinh

shivaji ko kuchalane ke lie raja jayasinh ne bijapur ke sultan se sndhi kar purandar ke qile ko adhikar men karane ki apane yojana ke pratham charan men 24 aprail, 1665 ee. ko 'vrajagadh' ke qile par adhikar kar liya. purandar ke qile ki raksha karate hue shivaji ka atyant vir senanayak 'murar ji baji' mara gaya. purandar ke qile ko bacha pane men apane ko asamarth janakar shivaji ne maharaja jayasinh se sndhi ki peshakash ki. donon neta sndhi ki sharton par sahamat ho gaye aur 22 joon, 1665 ee. ko 'purandar ki sandhi' sampann huee.

agara yatra

apani suraksha ka poorn ashvasan prapt kar shivaji agara ke darabar men aurngazeb se milane ke lie taiyar ho gaye. vah 9 mee, 1666 ee ko apane putr shambhaji evn 4000 maratha sainikon ke sath mugal darabar men upasthit hue, parantu aurngazeb dvara uchit samman n prapt karane par shivaji ne bhare hue darabar men aurngazeb ko 'vishvasaghati' kaha, jisake parinamasvaroop aurngazeb ne shivaji evn unake putr ko 'jayapur bhavan' men qaid kar diya. vahan se shivaji 13 agast, 1666 ee ko phalon ki tokari men chhipakar farar ho gaye aur 22 sitambar, 1666 ee. ko rayagadh pahunche. kuchh din bad shivaji ne mugal samrat aurngazeb ko patr likhakar kaha ki "yadi samrat use (shivaji) ko kshama kar den to vah apane putr shambhaji ko punah mugal seva men bhej sakate hain." aurngazeb ne shivaji ki in sharton ko svikar kar use 'raja' ki upadhi pradan ki.

rajyabhishek

san 1674 tak shivaji ne un sare pradeshon par adhikar kar liya tha, jo purandar ki sndhi ke antargat unhen mugalon ko dene pade the. pashchimi maharashtr men svatntr hindoo rashtr ki sthapana ke bad shivaji ne apana rajyabhishek karana chaha, parantu brahmanon ne unaka ghor virodh kiya. shivaji ke niji sachiv balaji av ji ne ise ek chunauti ke roop men liya aur unhonne ne kashi men gngabh namak ek brahman ke pas tin dooton ko bheja, kintu gngabh ne prastav thukara diya, kyonki shivaji kshatriy nahin the. usane kaha ki kshatriyata ka praman lao tabhi vah rajyabhishek karega. balaji av ji ne shivaji ka sambandh mevad ke sisodiya vnsh se samabnddh ke praman bheje, jisase sntusht hokar vah rayagadh aya or usane rajyabhishek kiya.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah