ताराबाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tarabaee
tarabaee
poora nam tarabaee bhonsale
janm 1675 ee.
mrityu tithi 9 disambar 1761 ee.
pati/patni rajaram
sntan shivaji tritiy
shasan kal 1700 ee.-1707 ee.
snbndhit lekh shivaji, shahaji bhonsale, shambhaji peshava, balaji vishvanath, bajirav pratham, bajirav dvitiy, rajaram shivaji, talikot ka yuddh, kheda ka yuddh
vishesh tarabaee ek addhitiy utsah vali mahila thi. khafi khan jaise katu alochak tak ne svikar kiya hai ki, "vah chatur tatha buddhimati stri thi tatha divani evn fauji mamalon ki apani janakari ke lie apane pati ke jivan kal men hi khyati prapt kar chuki thi".
any janakari 1700 se 1707 ee. tak ke snkatakal men tarabaee ne maratha rajy ki ekasootrata aur akhandata banaye rakhakar usaki amooly seva ki.

tarabaee bhonsale (angrezi: Tarabai Bhonsle, janm: 1675 ee., mrityu: 9 disambar, 1761 ee.), shivaji pratham ke dvitiy putr rajaram ki patni thi. rajaram ki mrityu ke bad vidhava tarabaee ne apane 4 varshiy putr shivaji tritiy ka rajyabhishek karavakar maratha samrajy ki vastavik snrakshika ban gee. tarabaee ek addhitiy utsah vali mahila thi. usane mugal samrat aurngazeb se anavarat yuddh kiya. tarabaee ki prerana aur niti kushalata se hi marathon ne phir se apani shakti snchit kar li thi. shambhuji ke putr shahoo ke uttaradhikar mangane par tarabaee ek vikat ulajhan men phns gee thi, kyonki vah apane putr shivaji tritiy ko hi raja ke roop men dekhana pasand karati thi.

virangana nari

tarabaee ke shasan ke dauran mugalon (aurngazeb) ne 1700 ee. men panhala, 1702 ee. men vishalagadh evn 1703 ee. men sinhagadh par adhikar kar liya. maratha kul ki virangana tarabaee visham paristhitiyon men kinchit matr bhi vichalit hue bina maratha sena men josh ka snchar karati huee mugal sena se jivan ke antim samay tak sngharsh karati rahi. usake netritv men maratha sainikon ne 1703 ee. men barar, 1704 ee. men satara evn 1706 ee. men gujarat par akraman kiya. isamen use abhootapoorv saphalata aur dhan tatha samman prapt hua. isake atirikt in sainikon ne burahanapur, soorat, bhadaunch adi nagaron ko bhi loota. is tarah ek bar phir marathe apane sampoorn kshetr ko vijit karane men saphal rahe. tarabaee ne dakshini karnatak men apana rajy sthapit kiya.

niti kushal mahila

tarabaee ek addhitiy utsah vali mahila thi. khafi khan jaise katu alochak tak ne svikar kiya hai ki, "vah chatur tatha buddhimati stri thi tatha divani evn fauji mamalon ki apani janakari ke lie apane pati ke jivan kal men hi khyati prapt kar chuki thi". rajy ke shasan ko sngathit kar tatha gaddi par uttaradhikar ke lie pratidvandvi dalon ke jhagadon ko dabakar usane, jaisa khafi khan batalata hai, "shahi rajy ke raundane ke lie mazaboot upay kiye tatha sironj tak dakkan ke chh: soobon, mndasaur evn malava ke soobon ke lootane ke lie senaen bhejin". marathe pahale hi 1699 ee. men malava par akraman kar chuke the. 1703 ee. men unaka ek dal barar[1] men ghus pada. 1706 ee. men unhonne gujarat par akraman kiya tatha badauda ko loota. aprail athava mee, 1706 ee. men ek vishal maratha sena ahamadanagar men badashah ki chhavani par ja dhamaki. ek lambe tatha kathin sngharsh ke bad use vahan se pichhe hata diya gaya. akramanon ke karan marathon ke sadhan bahut badh ge. is prakar ab tak ve vyavaharik roop men dakkan ki tatha madhy bharat ke kuchh bhagon ki bhi paristhiti ke svami ban chuke the.

marathon ka varchasv

jaisa ki bhimasen namak ek pratyaksh sakshi ne likha, "marathe sampoorn rajy par chha ge tatha unhonne sadakon ko band kar diya. lootapat ke dvara ve daridrata se bach ge tatha bahut dhani ban ge". unaki sainik karyapranali men bhi parivartan hua, jisaka tatkalik parinam unake lie achchha hua. jaisa ki manoochi ne 1704 ee. men likha, "ye maratha neta tatha inaki faujen in dinon bade vishvas ke sath chalati hain, kyonki unhonne mugal senapatiyon ko dabakar bhayabhit kar diya hai. vartaman samay men unake pas topen, fauji bandooken, dhanush ban tatha unake sabhi saman evn khemon ke lie hathi aur oont hain. snkshep men ve susajjit hai tatha thik mugal senaon ke saman chalate hain. keval kuchh hi varsh pahale ve is prakar se nahin chalate the. in dinon unake astron men keval ballam tatha lambi talavaren thin, jo do inch chaudi thin. is prakar sashastr hokar ve sarahadon par loot ke lie ghoomate rahate the tatha idhar-udhar jo pa sakate the, utha lete the; phir ve ghar chal dete the. parantu vartaman samay men ve vijetaon ki tarah ghamate hain tatha mugal senaon se koee dar nahin dikhalate". is prakar marathon ke pis dalane ke aurngazeb ke sabhi prayatn bilkul nirarthak siddh hue. maratha rashtriyata vijayini shakti ke roop men usake bad bhi jivit rahi, jisaka pratirodh karane men usake durbal uttaradhikari asaphal rahe.

marathon ko abhyuday

1689 ee. men rayagadh ke patan ke bad shahoo, usaki man yesoobaee evn any mahattvapoorn maratha logon ko kaid kar aurngajeb ke shivir men najarabnd kar diya gaya. 1707 ee. men aurngajeb ki mrityu ke bad bahadurashah ke samay ajam dvara kaid se mukt kar diye jane par shahoo apane kuchh sathiyon ke sath vapas maharashtr a gaya. yahan par parasoji bhonsale, bhavi peshava balaji vishvanath aur naimaji sindhiya ne usaka sath diya. shahoo ne ‘satara’ par ghera dalakar vahan ki tatkalin shasika rajaram ki vidhava tarabaee (shahoo ki chachi) ke viruddh yuddh ki ghoshana ki. tarabaee ne dhanaji jadav ke netritv men ek sena ko shahoo ka mukabala karane ke lie bheja. aktoobar, 1707 men prasiddh ‘kheda ka yuddh’ hua parantu kootaniti ka sahara lekar shahoo ne jadav ko apani taraph mila liya. tarabaee ne apane sabhi mahattvapoorn adhikariyon ke sath ‘panhala’ men sharan li. shahooji ne 22 janavari, 1708 ko satara men apana rajyabhishek karavaya. shahoo ke netritv men navin maratha samrajyavad ke pravartak peshava log the, jo chhatrapati shahoo ke paitrik pradhanamntri the.

vikat sthiti

marathon ki badhati huee shakti roopi vipatti ka samana karate hue mugal samrat aurngazeb ne 3 march, 1707 ee. ko ahamadanagar men dam tod diya. 1707 ee. men tarabaee ke pati ke agraj shambhuji ke putr aur uttaradhikari shahoo athava shivaji dvitiy ko mugalon ne jab bndigrih se mukt kar diya to tarabaee badi vikat sthiti men pad gee. shahoo ne maharashtr akar apani paitrik sampatti ka adhikar manga. usako shighr peshava balaji vishvanath ke netritv men bahut se samarthak bhi mil ge. tarabaee ka paksh kamazor pad gaya aur use shahoo ko maratha samrajy ka chhatrapati svikar kar lena pada. phir bhi vah apane putr shivaji tritiy ko satara men raj pad par banaye rakhane men saphal rahi.

tarabaee ke samarthak

tarabaee ke mahattvapoorn samarthakon men parashuram, triyambak, dhanaji jadav, shnkaraji narayan jaise yogy maratha saradar the. apani yogyata, adamy utsah, netritv kshamata evn parakram ke karan hi tarabaee ne maratha itihas ke pannon par apana nam svarnaksharon men ankit karavaya. 1700 se 1707 ee. tak ke snkatakal men tarabaee ne maratha rajy ki ekasootrata aur akhandata banaye rakhakar usaki amooly seva ki. 1689 se 1707 ee. tak pray: 20 varshon tak marathon ka yah svatntrata sngram tab tak chalata raha. bad men usake putr shivaji tritiy ko raja shahoo (shivaji dvitiy) ne god lekar apana uttaradhikari ghoshit kar diya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ek sadi tak ek mugal sooba

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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