पानीपत युद्ध तृतीय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

panipat ka tritiy yuddh

panipat ka tritiy yuddh 14 janavari, 1761 ee. ko afagan akramanakari ahamadashah abdali aur mugal badashah shahalam dvitiy ke snrakshak aur sahayak marathon ke bich lada gaya tha. is ladaee men maratha senapati sadashivarav bhaoo afagan senapati abdali se ladaee ke danv-pechon men mat kha gaya. panipat ka tritiy yuddh mukhyatah do karanon ka parinam tha - pahala, nadirashah ki tarah ahamadashah abdali bhi bharat ko lootana chahata tha, doosare, marathe 'hindoopad padashahi' ki bhavana se ot-prot hokar dilli ko apane adhikar men lena chahate the.

malhararav ki kayarata

14 janavari, 1761 ko is yuddh men maratha sena ka pratinidhitv sadashivarav bhaoo ne kiya, jabaki vishvasarav namamatr ka senapati tha. yooropiy takanik par adharit marathon ki paidal sena evn topakhane ki tukadi ki kaman ibrahim khan gardi ke hathon men thi. prarambhik saphalata ke atirikt yuddh ka samast parinam marathon ke lie bhayanak raha. malhararav holkar yuddh ke bich men hi bhag nikala aur maratha fauj poori tarah se ukhad gayi. vishvasarav evn sadashivarav bhaoo ke sath anek mahattvapoorn marathe sainik is yuddh men mare gaye. is bare men itihasakar 'je.en. sarakar' ne sach hi likha hai ki -

'maharashtr men sambhavatah hi koee aisa parivar hoga, jisane koee n koee saga sambandhi n khoya ho, tatha kuchh parivaron ka to vinash hi ho gaya.'

panipat ki ladaee men bhag lene ae sadashivaram raja bhaoo ki sena ne panipat se lagabhag sat kilomitar door jatal rod par base ganv bhadaud men padav dala tha tatha raja bhaoo ne shiv ke chamatkar se prabhavit hokar pragateshvar mahadev mndir ki sthapana ki. inhen bhi dekhen: pragateshvar mahadev

maratha parajay ke karan

panipat ke is yuddh men marathon ki parajay ke mahattvapoorn karan is prakar the-

  1. ahamadashah abdali ki sena, sadashivarav bhaoo ki sena se adhik thi.
  2. uttar bharat ki sabhi musalaman shaktiyan abdali ke sath thin.
  3. is yuddh ke poorv men marathon ne rajapoot, jat tatha sikkhon ko har prakar se loota tatha barabad kiya tha. isilie in logon ne marathon ka sath nahin diya.
  4. maratha saradaron ke apasi matabhed bhi kafi had tak badh chuke the.
  5. marathon ke sainik shivir men akal ki sthiti thi. sainikon ke lie paryapt rasad ka intajam nahin tha.
  6. sainik sngathan ki drishti se abdali poori tarah se shreshth sngathanakarta tha.

itihasakaron ke mat

panipat ke tritiy yuddh ke prabhav ke bare men jahan ek taraf maratha itihasakaron ka manana hai ki, keval 75,000 sainikon ki hani ke atirikt marathon ne kuchh bhi nahin khoya, vahin doosari or 'ji.es. saradesaee' ka manana hai ki, ‘panipat ka yuddh marathon ki abhootapoorn kshati hai.’ panipat ke tritiy yuddh ke pratyakshadarshi 'kashiraj pndit' ke shabdon men- 'panipat ka tritiy yuddh marathon ke lie pralayakari siddh hua.

vishleshan

vastutah panipat ke is yuddh ne yah nirnay nahin diya, ki bharat par kaun rajy karega, apitu yah tay kar diya, ki bharat par kaun shasan nahin karega. marathon ki parajay ke bad british satta ke uday ka rasta qarib-qarib saf ho gaya. apratyaksh roop se sikkhon ko bhi marathon ki parajay se fayada hua. is yuddh ne mugal samrat ko lagabhag nirjiv sa kar diya, jaisa ki bad ke kuchh varsh siddh karate hain. panipat ke yuddh ke sadamen ko n sah pane ke karan balaji bajirav ki kuchh din bad mrityu ho gee. panipat ke tritiy yuddh men marathon ke parajay ki soochana balaji bajirav ko ek vyapari dvara koot sandesh ke roop men pahunchayi gayi thi, jisamen kaha gaya ki, 'do mati vilin ho gaye, bais sone ki muharen lupt ho geen aur chandi tatha tanbe ki to poori ganana hi nahin ki ja sakati.'


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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