जाट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • kuchh vidvanh jaton ko videshi vnsh-parampara ka manate hain, to kuchh daivi vnsh-parampara ka . kuchh apana janm kisi pauranik vnshaj se hua batate hain. sar jadunath sarakar ne jaton ka varnan karate hue unhen "us vistrit vistrit bhoo-bhag ka, jo sindhu nadi ke tat se lekar pnjab, rajapootana ke uttari rajyon aur oopari yamuna ghati men hota hua chnbal ke par gvaliyar tak phaila hai, sabase mahattvapoorn jatiy tattv bataya hai . sabhi vidvanh ekamat hain ki jat ary-vnshi hain . jat apane sath kuchh snsthaen lekar ae, jinamen sabase mahattvapoorn hai - "pnchayat" - 'panch shreshth vyaktiyon ki gram-sabha, jo nyayadhishon aur gyani purushon ke roop men kary karate the.[1]

Blockquote-open.gif aurngazeb ke shasak banane ke kuchh hi samay ke andar jat ankh ka kanta ban ge . unaka nivas mukhyatah shahi paragana tha, jo "mote taur par ek chaukor pradesh tha, jo uttar se dakshin ki or lagabhag 250 mil lamba aur 100 mil chauda tha ." yamuna nadi isaki vibhajak rekha thi, dilli aur agara isake do mukhy nagar the . Blockquote-close.gif

  • "har jat ganv sam gotriy vnsh ke logon ka chhota-sa ganarajy hota tha, jo ek-doosare ke bilkul saman lekin any jatiyon ke logon se svayn ko ooncha manate the . jat ganv ka rajy ke sath sambandh nirdharit rajasv rashi dene vali ek ardh-svayatt ikaee ke roop men hota tha . koee rajakiy satta un par apana adhikar jatane ka prayas nahin karati thi, jo koshish karati thin, unhen shidhr hi gyan ho jata tha, ki qile roopi ganvon ke viruddh sashastr sena bhejana labhaprad nahin hai . svatantrata tatha samanata ki jat-bhavana ne brahman-pradhan hindoo dharm ke samane jhukana svikar nahin kiya, is bhavana ke karan unhen gnga ke maidani bhagon ke visheshadhikar prapt brahmanon ki avamanana aur apaman jhelana pada . akramanakariyon dvara akraman karane par jat apane ganv ko chhodakar nahin bhagate the . agar koee vijeta jaton ke sath durvyavahar karata, ya usaki striyon se chhedachhad ki jati thi, to vah akramanakari ke kafilon ko lootakar usaka badala leta tha . usaki apani khas dhng ki desh-bhakti videshiyon ke prati shatrutapoorn aur sath hi apane un deshavasiyon ke prati dayapoorn, yahan tak ki tiraskarapoorn thi jinaka bhagy bahut-kuchh usake sahas aur dhairy par avalambit tha.[2]
  • profesar qanoonagon ne jaton ki sahaj lokatantriy pravritti ka ullekh kiya hai . "aitihasik kal men jat-samaj un logon ke lie mahanh sharanasthal bana raha hai, jo hinduon ke samajik atyachar ke shikar hote the; yah dalit tatha achhoot logon ko apekshakrit adhik sammanapoorn sthiti tak uthata aur sharan men ane vale logon ko ek sajatiy ary dhanchen men dhalata raha hai. sharirik lakshanon, bhasha, charitr, bhavanaon, shasan tatha samajik snstha-vishayak vicharon ki drishti se aj ka jat nirvivad roop se hinduon ke any varnon ke kisi bhi sadasy ki apeksha prachin vaidik aryon ka adhik achchha pratinidhi hai .[3]"
  • aurngazeb ke shasak banane ke kuchh hi samay ke andar jat ankh ka kanta ban ge . unaka nivas mukhyatah shahi paragana tha, jo "mote taur par ek chaukor pradesh tha, jo uttar se dakshin ki or lagabhag 250 mil lamba aur 100 mil chauda tha ." (ti.ji.pi spiyar, 'tvilait aph mugals,' pri.5) yamuna nadi isaki vibhajak rekha thi, dilli aur agara isake do mukhy nagar the . isamen vrindavan, gokul, govardhan aur mathura men hinduon ke dharmik tirthasthan tatha mandir bhi the . poorv men yah gnga ki or phaila tha aur dakshin men chambal tak, ambala ke uttar men pahadon aur pashchim men maroosthal tak . " inake rajy ki koee vastavik simaen nahin thin . yah ilaqa kahane ko samrat ke sidhe shasan ke adhin tha, parantu vyavahar men yah kuchh saradaron men bnta hua tha . yah zaminen unhen, unake sainikon ke bharan-poshan ke lie di gee hain . jat-log "dabng dehati the, jo sadharanataya shant hone par bhi, usase adhik rajasv dene vale nahin the, jitana ki unase jabaradasti aintha ja sakata tha; aur unhonne mitti ki divaren banakar apane ganvon ko aise qilon ka roop de diya tha, jinhen keval topakhane dvara jita ja sakata tha.[4]"
  • fadar vaindel likhate hain, - "jaton ne bharat men kuchh varshon se itana tahalaka machaya hua hai aur unake rajy-kshetr ka vistar itana adhik hai tatha unaka vaibhav itane thode samay men badh gaya hai ki mugal samrajy ki vartaman sthiti ko samajhane ke lie in logon ke vishay men jan lena avashyak hai, jinhonne itani khyati prapt kar li hai. yadi koee un viplavon par vichar kare jinhonne is shatabdi men samrajy ko itane prachnd roop se jhakajhor diya hai, to vah avashy hi is nishkarsh par pahunchega ki jat, yadi ve inake ekamatr karan n bhi hon, to bhi kam-se-kam sabase mahattvapoorn karan avashy hain.[5]"
  • "itihasakaron ne jaton ke vishay men nahin likha . javaharalal neharoo, ke.em panikkar ne jaton ke mukhy nayak soorajamal ke nam ka ullekh bhi nahin kiya . taaud ne aspasht likha hai . jaton men itihas–buddhi lagabhag nahin hai . jat itihas men kuchh deri se ate hain aur javahar sinh ki mrityu (sanh 1763) ke bad se sanh 1805 men bharatapur ko jitane men laaurd lek ki har tak unaka vaibhav kam hota jata hai . muslim itihasakaron ne jaton ki prashnsa nahin ki . brahman aur kayasth lekhak bhi likhane se katarate rahe . dosh jaton ka hi hai . unaka itihas atulaniy hai, par jaton ka koee itihasakar nahin hua . deshabhakti, sahas aur virata men unaka sthan kisi se kam nahin hai.[6]"
  • durjanasal 1824 ee. men bharatapur ki gaddi par anadhikrit qabza karane vala jat saradar tha; jabaki vastavik adhikari mritak raja ka nabalig putr tha.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 'sar jadunath sarakar' faaul aauf d mugal aimpayar,' khnd do prishth. 300
  2. 'khushavant sinh' histri af d sikkhas, khnd pratham, pri 15-16
  3. ke.ar.qanoonago, 'histri af d jats,' pri.23
  4. ti.ji.pi spiyar, 'tvilait aph mugals,'
  5. vaindel, 'aurm ki pandulipi'
  6. kunvar natavar sinh 'maharaja soorajamal'

snbndhit lekh

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